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Caterina Pesce, Ilaria Masci, Rosalba Marchetti, Giuseppe Vannozzi and Mirko Schmidt

association was inverse, because the lower the aP ML , the better the running performance. As regards throwing, two parameters were directly and inversely associated with perceived competence, respectively: range of motion of yaw calculated during the cocking phase (ROM Yaw ) and the maximum pelvis vertical

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Julia Freedman Silvernail, Richard E.A. van Emmerik, Katherine Boyer, Michael A. Busa and Joseph Hamill

JF , Van Emmerik RE , Hamill J . Low back pain status affects pelvis–trunk coordination and variability during walking and running . Clin Biomech . 2011 ; 26 ( 6 ): 572 – 578 . doi:10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2010.11.012 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2010.11.012 4. Needham R , Naemi R , Chockalingam

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Gustavo Ramos Dalla Bernardina, Tony Monnet, Heber Teixeira Pinto, Ricardo Machado Leite de Barros, Pietro Cerveri and Amanda Piaia Silvatti

-selected speed. Four markers, located at the anterior and posterior superior iliac spines, accounted for pelvis kinematics. For both lower limbs, 3 markers, placed at femur greater trochanter, femur lateral epicondyle, and fibula lateral malleolus, described the flexion–extension angle of the knee. For the

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Hardeep Singh, Mark Lee, Matthew J. Solomito, Christian Merrill and Carl Nissen

to maximum external rotation, ball release, and then ends at maximum internal rotation. GH indicates glenohumeral. The trunk was defined using the Vicon Plug-in Gait marker configuration, which utilizes 4 markers to construct the trunk segment, as described by Solomito et al. 18 The pelvis was

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TaeYeong Kim, JaeHyuk Lee, SeJun Oh, Seungmin Kim and BumChul Yoon

, symmetrically rhythmic, and transferred from the back to the rider’s pelvis. The movement practice of a rider on horseback is associated with greater improvements in muscle strength 8 and activation, 9 and also perceived mental and emotional status. 10 However, the effects of horseback riding exercise are

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Anh-Dung Nguyen, Jeffrey B. Taylor, Taylor G. Wimbish, Jennifer L. Keith and Kevin R. Ford

task trials, particularly the position of the trunk and pelvis. During a DVJ, the body’s COM is relatively confined in the frontal plane considering the large base of support during a double-leg landing task. This is in contrast to a small, single-limb base of support during an SLL task, which would

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Joseph B. Lesnak, Dillon T. Anderson, Brooke E. Farmer, Dimitrios Katsavelis and Terry L. Grindstaff

peak torque was used for data analysis. Figure 1 Participants performed testing on an isokinetic dynamometer with hips flexed to 85° and knees flexed to 90.° Straps were used to secure the chest and pelvis, and a padded ankle strap was placed 5 cm proximal to the distal aspect of the lateral malleolus

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Jonathan Sinclair and Paul J. Taylor

define the pelvis segment further, markers were positioned onto the anterior superior iliac spines (ASIS) and posterior superior iliac spines (PSIS). Carbon fiber tracking clusters were positioned onto the shank and thigh segments. The foot was tracked using the first metatarsal, fifth metatarsal, and

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Marie Lund Ohlsson, Jonas Danvind and L. Joakim Holmberg

of the spinal column is an inappropriate posture because it is related to other risk factors. For example, flexion of the spinal column while lifting causes high anterior shear force in the intervertebral discs. 5 Also, sitting causes the pelvis to tilt backward and the spine to flex slightly

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Benjamin R. Wilson, Kaley E. Robertson, Jeremy M. Burnham, Michael C. Yonz, Mary Lloyd Ireland and Brian Noehren

injury risk. The Y Balance Test requires the subject to be able to control his or her body while maintaining a single-leg stance. Potentially, this requires adequate hip girdle strength to maintain stability of the pelvis and trunk throughout the test. Although relationships have been reported between