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Teun van Erp, Dajo Sanders and Jos J. de Koning

collection, the men’s team was active on Pro Continental level and the last 3 years at World Tour level. From as much as possible training days HR, PO and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) data were collected. An individual data set could vary in length from 1 to 4 years depending on their respective

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Antje Hill, Linda Schücker, Norbert Hagemann and Bernd Strauß

). Although all outcome variables can be regarded as important, some of them (e.g., speed or perceived exertion) can be easily influenced by participants’ motivation to perform well on the task making it necessary to control for other influences (e.g., motivation). Therefore, running economy is a favorable

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Ana B. Peinado, Nuria Romero-Parra, Miguel A. Rojo-Tirado, Rocío Cupeiro, Javier Butragueño, Eliane A. Castro, Francisco J. Calderón and Pedro J. Benito

expert was 1.3%. Capillary blood samples were collected from the fingertip at baseline, prior to the graded maximal-exercise test, immediately after the test, and at 3 and 5 minutes of recovery. Furthermore, rating of perceived exertion (RPE) was measured after warm-up and at maximal effort using the

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Petros G. Botonis, Ioannis Malliaros, Gavriil G. Arsoniadis, Theodoros I. Platanou and Argyris G. Toubekis

and ensure a satisfactory involvement in ball handling and rotation in playing positions. We hypothesized that players would demonstrate similar physiological responses and rate of perceived exertion across the SW and CA drills. Methods Subjects A total of 10 male high-level water polo players (aged

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Ben M. Krings, Brandon D. Shepherd, Hunter S. Waldman, Matthew J. McAllister and JohnEric W. Smith

limited research examining the effects of CMR on a traditional RE session, the purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of CMR on performance during a high-volume upper body RE session. A secondary purpose was to examine heart rate [HR] responses, ratings of perceived exertion [RPE], and

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Bent R. Rønnestad, Tue Rømer and Joar Hansen

sample was collected from the fingertip and analyzed for [La − ] (Biosen C-line; EKF Diagnostics), and a rating of perceived exertion (RPE) was recorded using Borg 6 to 20 scale. 25 Mean VO 2 during each HIT session was calculated as the mean value across all work intervals. To evaluate the development

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Sally A. Sherman, Renee J. Rogers, Kelliann K. Davis, Ryan L. Minster, Seth A. Creasy, Nicole C. Mullarkey, Matthew O’Dell, Patrick Donahue and John M. Jakicic


Whether the energy cost of vinyasa yoga meets the criteria for moderate-to-vigorous physical activity has not been established.


To compare energy expenditure during acute bouts of vinyasa yoga and 2 walking protocols.


Participants (20 males, 18 females) performed 60-minute sessions of vinyasa yoga (YOGA), treadmill walking at a self-selected brisk pace (SELF), and treadmill walking at a pace that matched the heart rate of the YOGA session (HR-Match). Energy expenditure was assessed via indirect calorimetry.


Energy expenditure was significantly lower in YOGA compared with HR-Match (difference = 79.5 ± 44.3 kcal; P < .001) and SELF (difference = 51.7 ± 62.6 kcal; P < .001), but not in SELF compared with HR-Match (difference = 27.8 ± 72.6 kcal; P = .054). A similar pattern was observed for metabolic equivalents (HR-Match = 4.7 ± 0.8, SELF = 4.4 ± 0.7, YOGA = 3.6 ± 0.6; P < .001). Analyses using only the initial 45 minutes from each of the sessions, which excluded the restorative component of YOGA, showed energy expenditure was significantly lower in YOGA compared with HR-Match (difference = 68.0 ± 40.1 kcal; P < .001) but not compared with SELF (difference = 15.1 ± 48.7 kcal; P = .189).


YOGA meets the criteria for moderate-intensity physical activity. Thus, YOGA may be a viable form of physical activity to achieve public health guidelines and to elicit health benefits.

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Miranda J. Menaspà, Paolo Menaspà, Sally A. Clark and Maurizio Fanchini

The session rating of perceived exertion (s-RPE) 1 has been validated in individual and team sports 2 – 4 and has been used in training load monitoring 5 and injury prevention. 6 , 7 Different perceptual scales have been proposed, validated, and used in several sports to measure exercise

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Sunita Potgieter, Hattie H. Wright and Carine Smith

stages were recorded according to standard Triathlon South Africa and International Triathlon Union guidelines. Blood sampling duration was also recorded to assess its potential confounding effect on performance time differences. The Borg’s rating of perceived exertion (RPE; 6–20 scale) was used to

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Philip Hurst, Lieke Schipof-Godart, Florentina Hettinga, Bart Roelands and Chris Beedie

, 400, 600, 800, and 1000 m. HR peak and ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) were recorded immediately after the trial. Performance Measure and Equipment All trials were run on a 400-m, tartan track, in accordance with the International Association of Athletics Federation’s standards (polymer synthetic