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Tom Clifford

; Tscholl, Vaso, Weber, & Dvorak, 2015 ), their effects on EIMD remain equivocal ( Lanier, 2003 ). In recent years, the more pertinent issue surrounding NSAID use has been the growing concern that they could actually mitigate or at least lessen some of the physiological adaptations evoked by training

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Heloisa Suzano de Almeida, Flávia Porto, Marcelo Porretti, Gabriella Lopes, Daniele Fiorot, Priscila dos Santos Bunn and Elirez Bezerra da Silva

). Physical exercise can trigger important acute and chronic phenomena that may aid in the treatment of PD ( Da Silva et al., 2016 ). Physiological adaptations due to regular physical activity of moderate to vigorous intensity can reduce oxidative stress, activate antioxidant enzymes, and improve

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Guillaume P. Ducrocq, Thomas J. Hureau, Olivier Meste and Grégory M. Blain

– 671 . PubMed ID: 17414804 doi:10.1249/mss.0b013e3180304570 10.1249/mss.0b013e3180304570 17414804 20. MacInnis MJ , Gibala MJ . Physiological adaptations to interval training and the role of exercise intensity . J Physiol . 2017 ; 595 : 2915 – 2930 . doi:10.1113/JP273196 27748956 10.1113/JP

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Byron Lai, Katie Cederberg, Kerri A. Vanderbom, C. Scott Bickel, James H. Rimmer and Robert W. Motl

/function among each subgroup. Can exercise programs be adapted to people of all functional levels and exert comparable physiologic adaptations (e.g., energy expenditure, force output)? Taken together, these criteria limit our understanding of the role of exercise in these conditions, such as during a period of

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Avish P. Sharma, Philo U. Saunders, Laura A. Garvican-Lewis, Brad Clark, Marijke Welvaert, Christopher J. Gore and Kevin G. Thompson

volume (TV) or duration, 13 , 18 excluding most information regarding periodization and distribution of training intensity, which with the decay of physiological adaptations conferred by altitude training, 5 strongly influences the timing of a peak performance. Adequate quantification of training in

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Øyvind Skattebo, Thomas Losnegard and Hans Kristian Stadheim

questionable if these findings can be extrapolated to the elite performance level. Hence, it is currently unknown whether the long-distance skiers’ specialization with respect to training, to perform in long events using predominantly the DP technique, leads to any favorable technical or physiological

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Michael J. Ormsbee, Brandon D. Willingham, Tasha Marchant, Teresa L. Binkley, Bonny L. Specker and Matthew D. Vukovich

. doi:10.1007/s40279-014-0157-y 10.1007/s40279-014-0157-y Bell , G.J. , Petersen , S.R. , Wessel , J. , Bagnall , K. , & Quinney , H.A. ( 1991 ). Physiological adaptations to concurrent endurance training and low velocity resistance training . International Journal of Sports Medicine, 12

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Aymen Ben Othman, Mehdi Chaouachi, Issam Makhlouf, Jonathan P. Farthing, Urs Granacher, David G. Behm and Anis Chaouachi

, Borowsky R , Chilibeck PD , Binsted G , Sarty GE . Neuro-physiological adaptations associated with cross-education of strength . Brain Topogr . 2007 ; 20 : 77 – 88 . PubMed ID: 17932739 doi:10.1007/s10548-007-0033-2 10.1007/s10548-007-0033-2 17932739 20. Farthing JP , Chilibeck PD

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Margaret C. Morrissey, Michael R. Szymanski, Andrew J. Grundstein and Douglas J. Casa

). The multitude of physiological adaptations resulting from proper HA decreases the risk of exertional heat illness (while improving exercise performance), and individuals not exposed to HA are at greater risk. The positive adaptations from HA have led entities to implement HA guidelines in sport to

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Chih-Yen Chang and Tsung-Min Hung

metabolic energy, which is an important physical adaption to the demands of the task ( Daniels, 1985 ). This efficiency-related physiological adaptation to training was also found in brain neural processes. The psychomotor efficiency hypothesis, which is based on the formula efficiency = work/effort, was