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Stefano Palermi, Anna M. Sacco, Immacolata Belviso, Nastasia Marino, Francesco Gambardella, Carlo Loiacono and Felice Sirico

from pre–post assessment and compared with control group. Note. DM = diabetes mellitus; M = male; F = female; RCT = randomized controlled trial. The duration from the diagnosis of diabetes ranged from 8.5 ( Orr et al., 2006 ; Tsang et al., 2007 ) to 13 ( Ahn & Song, 2012 ) years. Only Ahn and Song

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Samuel R. Nyman

synthesize the evidence for Tai Chi for the prevention of falls among older adults. This review will focus on gold-standard evidence—meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials—most of which has been conducted with community-dwelling older adults. For the first time, I will bring together in one place a

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Steriani Elavsky, Lenka Knapova, Adam Klocek and David Smahel

and randomized control trials [RCTs]) published between 2012 and 2016 to assess the effectiveness of mHealth in changing health behaviors and improving disease recovery in older adults. The review had a broad focus on health behaviors ranging from PA, dietary habits, and sleep to medication adherence

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Heloisa Suzano de Almeida, Flávia Porto, Marcelo Porretti, Gabriella Lopes, Daniele Fiorot, Priscila dos Santos Bunn and Elirez Bezerra da Silva

, Bhriain, Saunders, & Clifford, 2015 ; Sharp & Hewitt, 2014 ). The present meta-analysis is justified because it is more recent and includes six new randomized controlled trials (RCTs), of which five RCTs were with one experimental dance group each and one RCT was with two groups, totaling seven new

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Sheri J. Hartman, Dori Pekmezi, Shira I. Dunsiger and Bess H. Marcus

randomized controlled trial of a 12-month physical activity intervention. Methods Study Design and Sample The Pasos Hacia La Salud study was a randomized controlled trial of an Internet-based physical activity intervention for Spanish-speaking Latinas compared with a contact control arm. No content related

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Katie Teller, Mark Abbey-Lambertz, Nasira Sharma, Alan Waite, Scott Ickes and Jason A. Mendoza

on participating in a WSB as part of a large multiyear randomized controlled trial. The goal of this analysis is to inform future programs. Methods We recruited participants for this qualitative study from a cluster randomized controlled trial of the WSB program in which the setting was public

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Elissa Burton, Karen Levit, Jim Codde, Keith D. Hill and Anne-Marie Hill

exercise programs or motivating older people to increase their physical activity ( Burton et al., 2018 ). Of the 18 included studies (six randomized controlled trials [RCTs]), 16 reported improvements in physical activity levels or function; however, the meta-analysis favored the control group for a 6-min

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Valerie Senkowski, Clara Gannon and Paul Branscum

included (i.e., randomized controlled trials, quasi-experimental studies). Articles were excluded if they had a cross-sectional design or if the interventions did not target TPB constructs. Articles that included constructs from theories other than TPB were eligible for inclusion, as long as TPB was the

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Navin Kaushal, Ryan E. Rhodes, John T. Meldrum and John C. Spence

.g., running on the treadmill, lifting weights) of exercising. Although habit has demonstrated good predictive validity with PA, the experimental evidence for PA is limited ( Gardner, 2015 ; Rebar et al., 2016 ). Systematic reviews have not identified any randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that applied habit

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Angela Papadimitriou and Mark Perry

. The former would give an indication of the immediate treatment effect, and the latter would give a measure of the longer term effects. Study types Only randomized controlled trials were included in this review, to minimize selection bias. Randomization, provided there are sufficient participants, is