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Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Raquel Pedrero-Chamizo, María del Mar Bibiloni, Gonzalo Palacios, Antoni Sureda, Agustín Meléndez-Ortega, Josep Antoni Tur Marí and Marcela González-Gross

) Handgrip strength test by groups: males. Level set at P  < .05. Statistical analyses adjusted for age. (D) Chair stand test by groups: males. a Significant differences between inactive and high sedentary and active and low sedentary. b Significant differences between inactive and low sedentary and active and low

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Caroline Lisee, Lindsay Slater, Jay Hertel and Joe M. Hart

self-selected pace and were asked with which leg they would kick a ball farther to determine the dominant (DOM) leg. Participants were seated in the Biodex System III multimode dynamometer (Biodex Medical System, Inc, Shirley, NY) for isokinetic knee-extensor and knee-flexor strength testing

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José Messias Rodrigues da Silva, Marcia Uchoa de Rezende, Tânia Carvalho Spada, Lucila da Silva Francisco, Helenilson Pereira dos Santos, Robson de Andrade Souza, Júlia Maria D'Andréa Greve and Emmanuel Gomes Ciolac

isokinetic strength-testing protocol of the knee and ankle in older adults . Gerontology . 2009 ; 55 ( 3 ): 259 – 268 . 10.1159/000172832 18997454 27. Symons TB , Vandervoort AA , Rice CL , Overend TJ , Marsh GD . Reliability of isokinetic and isometric knee-extensor force in older women

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Mathieu Lacome, Simon Avrillon, Yannick Cholley, Ben M. Simpson, Gael Guilhem and Martin Buchheit

players was received before the start of the study. Methodology Eccentric Knee-Flexor Strength Testing Protocol The device used to determine eccentric knee-flexor strength during the NHE (ie, NordBord), and its reliability has been described previously (typical error: 24.7 [6.8] N, 8.4% [2.5%]). 19

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Gavriil G. Arsoniadis, Gregory C. Bogdanis, Gerasimos Terzis and Argyris G. Toubekis

). In the last preliminary session, 3 days following maximum strength testing, all swimmers performed 5 repetitions of 200 m (5 ×200 m) at intensities corresponding to 60%, 70%, 80%, 90%, and 100% of the 200-m maximum speed, each repetition starting every 5 minutes and 30 seconds with a push off start

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Dai Sugimoto, Benton E. Heyworth, Brandon A. Yates, Dennis E. Kramer, Mininder S. Kocher and Lyle J. Micheli

joint was then passively moved from extension and flexion (Figure  2B ). 15 , 39 , 40 Figure 2 Images of knee extension (A) and flexion (B) range of motion measurements. Muscle Strength Test Quadriceps strength was assessed while patients were seated on the edge of treatment table with 90° of knee

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Samuele Contemori, Andrea Biscarini, Fabio M. Botti, Daniele Busti, Roberto Panichi and Vito E. Pettorossi

position, shoulder adducted, elbow flexed at 90°, and forearm in a midway position between pronation and supination (subjects were instructed to punt the thumb upward). Each strength test was performed as a “make test” against the resistance of the “Kern HCB 200K100” dynamometer (Kern e Sohn GmbH, Ziegelei

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Ryan G. Timmins, Baubak Shamim, Paul J. Tofari, Jack T. Hickey and Donny M. Camera

power (MAP) 20 from the pretraining and week 6 tests were used to determine training loads for the endurance program for the END and CONC groups. Strength Testing Maximal Strength Assessment Maximal strength was assessed by determining each participants 1RM plate-loaded 45° incline leg press, seated

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Vandre C. Figueiredo, Michelle M. Farnfield, Megan L.R. Ross, Petra Gran, Shona L. Halson, Jonathan M. Peake, David Cameron-Smith and James F. Markworth

procedures. All procedures were approved by the human research ethic committees of RMIT University and the Australian Institute of Sport and conformed to the Declaration of Helsinki. Preliminary Testing Leg strength testing and familiarization One week prior to commencing the study, all subjects reported to

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Justin L. Rush, Lindsey K. Lepley, Steven Davi and Adam S. Lepley

assessment. Quadriceps Strength Testing and Volitional Activation Isometric strength was assessed using an isokinetic dynamometer by collecting the participant’s maximal voluntary force of the quadriceps muscles. Participants were instructed to sit on the dynamometer and were positioned in 90° of trunk