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Neal R. Glaviano and Susan Saliba

. Pain during testing was collected to ensure similarities between participants as pain has been previously identified to alter strength testing. The distance between the patient’s line and the far left line (no pain) was measured in centimeters to the closest 10th of a centimeter. The VAS is a popular

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Samuele Contemori, Andrea Biscarini, Fabio M. Botti, Daniele Busti, Roberto Panichi and Vito E. Pettorossi

position, shoulder adducted, elbow flexed at 90°, and forearm in a midway position between pronation and supination (subjects were instructed to punt the thumb upward). Each strength test was performed as a “make test” against the resistance of the “Kern HCB 200K100” dynamometer (Kern e Sohn GmbH, Ziegelei

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José Messias Rodrigues da Silva, Marcia Uchoa de Rezende, Tânia Carvalho Spada, Lucila da Silva Francisco, Helenilson Pereira dos Santos, Robson de Andrade Souza, Júlia Maria D'Andréa Greve and Emmanuel Gomes Ciolac

isokinetic strength-testing protocol of the knee and ankle in older adults . Gerontology . 2009 ; 55 ( 3 ): 259 – 268 . 10.1159/000172832 18997454 27. Symons TB , Vandervoort AA , Rice CL , Overend TJ , Marsh GD . Reliability of isokinetic and isometric knee-extensor force in older women

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Mary Hellen Morcelli, Dain Patrick LaRoche, Luciano Fernandes Crozara, Nise Ribeiro Marques, Camilla Zamfolini Hallal, Mauro Gonçalves and Marcelo Tavella Navega

for predicting gait speed group membership, to establish critical torque and rate of torque development thresholds for each joint, and to test the sensitivity and specificity of these strength tests in identifying individuals at risk of slow gait speed. Receiver operator characteristic curves were

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Caroline Lisee, Lindsay Slater, Jay Hertel and Joe M. Hart

self-selected pace and were asked with which leg they would kick a ball farther to determine the dominant (DOM) leg. Participants were seated in the Biodex System III multimode dynamometer (Biodex Medical System, Inc, Shirley, NY) for isokinetic knee-extensor and knee-flexor strength testing

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Kieran J. Marston, Belinda M. Brown, Stephanie R. Rainey-Smith, Sabine Bird, Linda K. Wijaya, Shaun Y. M. Teo, Ralph N. Martins and Jeremiah J. Peiffer

rating of perceived exertion. Maximal strength testing Maximal strength was determined for four exercises in the following testing sequence: (a) bench press, (b) leg press, (c) lat pull-down, and (d) leg curl. Immediately prior to RM testing, blood pressure was deemed appropriate to proceed for exercise

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Yuya Ueda, Takehiko Matsushita, Yohei Shibata, Kohei Takiguchi, Akihiro Kida, Daisuke Araki, Noriyuki Kanzaki, Yuichi Hoshino, Rei Ono, Yoshitada Sakai and Ryosuke Kuroda

records. BMI was calculated using the following formula: BMI = weight (kg)/[height (cm)/100] 2 . Isokinetic Quadriceps Strength and Knee Pain The maximum isokinetic quadriceps strength was assessed using the MYORET, RZ-450 (Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd, Kobe, Japan). Before the muscle strength test, the

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Tülay Çevik Saldıran, Emine Atıcı, Derya Azim Rezaei, Özgül Öztürk, Burcu Uslu, Burcu Ateş Özcan and Begüm Okudan

exercise or physical activity program until a week before the exercise session. During the first visit, participants underwent body composition analysis and followed by lower-extremity muscle properties measures testing in the following order: hamstring flexibility, muscle tone, and muscle strength testing

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Mathieu Lacome, Simon Avrillon, Yannick Cholley, Ben M. Simpson, Gael Guilhem and Martin Buchheit

players was received before the start of the study. Methodology Eccentric Knee-Flexor Strength Testing Protocol The device used to determine eccentric knee-flexor strength during the NHE (ie, NordBord), and its reliability has been described previously (typical error: 24.7 [6.8] N, 8.4% [2.5%]). 19

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Daniel Gilfeather, Grant Norte, Christopher D. Ingersoll and Neal R. Glaviano

the muscle, with one electrode just inferior to the iliac crest and the other electrode just superior to the greater trochanter. Participants completed hip abduction strength testing in a standing position in a Biodex System 4 Pro dynamometer (Biodex Medical Systems, Inc, Shirley, NY), with the axis