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Caroline Lisee, Lindsay Slater, Jay Hertel and Joe M. Hart

self-selected pace and were asked with which leg they would kick a ball farther to determine the dominant (DOM) leg. Participants were seated in the Biodex System III multimode dynamometer (Biodex Medical System, Inc, Shirley, NY) for isokinetic knee-extensor and knee-flexor strength testing

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Mary Hellen Morcelli, Dain Patrick LaRoche, Luciano Fernandes Crozara, Nise Ribeiro Marques, Camilla Zamfolini Hallal, Mauro Gonçalves and Marcelo Tavella Navega

for predicting gait speed group membership, to establish critical torque and rate of torque development thresholds for each joint, and to test the sensitivity and specificity of these strength tests in identifying individuals at risk of slow gait speed. Receiver operator characteristic curves were

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Justin L. Rush, Lindsey K. Lepley, Steven Davi and Adam S. Lepley

assessment. Quadriceps Strength Testing and Volitional Activation Isometric strength was assessed using an isokinetic dynamometer by collecting the participant’s maximal voluntary force of the quadriceps muscles. Participants were instructed to sit on the dynamometer and were positioned in 90° of trunk

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Gavriil G. Arsoniadis, Gregory C. Bogdanis, Gerasimos Terzis and Argyris G. Toubekis

). In the last preliminary session, 3 days following maximum strength testing, all swimmers performed 5 repetitions of 200 m (5 ×200 m) at intensities corresponding to 60%, 70%, 80%, 90%, and 100% of the 200-m maximum speed, each repetition starting every 5 minutes and 30 seconds with a push off start

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Yuya Ueda, Takehiko Matsushita, Yohei Shibata, Kohei Takiguchi, Akihiro Kida, Daisuke Araki, Noriyuki Kanzaki, Yuichi Hoshino, Rei Ono, Yoshitada Sakai and Ryosuke Kuroda

records. BMI was calculated using the following formula: BMI = weight (kg)/[height (cm)/100] 2 . Isokinetic Quadriceps Strength and Knee Pain The maximum isokinetic quadriceps strength was assessed using the MYORET, RZ-450 (Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd, Kobe, Japan). Before the muscle strength test, the

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Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Raquel Pedrero-Chamizo, María del Mar Bibiloni, Gonzalo Palacios, Antoni Sureda, Agustín Meléndez-Ortega, Josep Antoni Tur Marí and Marcela González-Gross

) Handgrip strength test by groups: males. Level set at P  < .05. Statistical analyses adjusted for age. (D) Chair stand test by groups: males. a Significant differences between inactive and high sedentary and active and low sedentary. b Significant differences between inactive and low sedentary and active and low

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Vandre C. Figueiredo, Michelle M. Farnfield, Megan L.R. Ross, Petra Gran, Shona L. Halson, Jonathan M. Peake, David Cameron-Smith and James F. Markworth

procedures. All procedures were approved by the human research ethic committees of RMIT University and the Australian Institute of Sport and conformed to the Declaration of Helsinki. Preliminary Testing Leg strength testing and familiarization One week prior to commencing the study, all subjects reported to

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Ryan G. Timmins, Baubak Shamim, Paul J. Tofari, Jack T. Hickey and Donny M. Camera

power (MAP) 20 from the pretraining and week 6 tests were used to determine training loads for the endurance program for the END and CONC groups. Strength Testing Maximal Strength Assessment Maximal strength was assessed by determining each participants 1RM plate-loaded 45° incline leg press, seated

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Neal R. Glaviano and Susan Saliba

. Pain during testing was collected to ensure similarities between participants as pain has been previously identified to alter strength testing. The distance between the patient’s line and the far left line (no pain) was measured in centimeters to the closest 10th of a centimeter. The VAS is a popular

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Tülay Çevik Saldıran, Emine Atıcı, Derya Azim Rezaei, Özgül Öztürk, Burcu Uslu, Burcu Ateş Özcan and Begüm Okudan

exercise or physical activity program until a week before the exercise session. During the first visit, participants underwent body composition analysis and followed by lower-extremity muscle properties measures testing in the following order: hamstring flexibility, muscle tone, and muscle strength testing