Search Results

You are looking at 101 - 110 of 526 items for :

  • "sustainability" x
  • Sport and Exercise Science/Kinesiology x
  • Psychology and Behavior in Sport/Exercise x
Clear All
Restricted access

Marj Moodie, Michelle M. Haby, Boyd Swinburn and Robert Carter

Background:

To assess from a societal perspective the cost-effectiveness of a school program to increase active transport in 10- to 11-year-old Australian children as an obesity prevention measure.

Methods:

The TravelSMART Schools Curriculum program was modeled nationally for 2001 in terms of its impact on Body Mass Index (BMI) and Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) measured against current practice. Cost offsets and DALY benefits were modeled until the eligible cohort reached age 100 or died. The intervention was qualitatively assessed against second stage filter criteria (‘equity,’ ‘strength of evidence,’ ‘acceptability to stakeholders,’ ‘feasibility of implementation,’ ‘sustainability,’ and ‘side-effects’) given their potential impact on funding decisions.

Results:

The modeled intervention reached 267,700 children and cost $AUD13.3M (95% uncertainty interval [UI] $6.9M; $22.8M) per year. It resulted in an incremental saving of 890 (95%UI −540; 2,900) BMI units, which translated to 95 (95% UI −40; 230) DALYs and a net cost per DALY saved of $AUD117,000 (95% UI dominated; $1.06M).

Conclusions:

The intervention was not cost-effective as an obesity prevention measure under base-run modeling assumptions. The attribution of some costs to nonobesity objectives would be justified given the program’s multiple benefits. Cost-effectiveness would be further improved by considering the wider school community impacts.

Restricted access

Lena Fleig, Megan M. McAllister, Penny Brasher, Wendy L. Cook, Pierre Guy, Joseph H. Puyat, Karim M. Khan, Heather A. McKay and Maureen C. Ashe

Objectives:

To characterize patterns of sedentary behavior and physical activity in older adults recovering from hip fracture and to determine characteristics associated with activity.

Methods:

Community-dwelling, Canadian adults (65 years+) who sustained hip fracture wore an accelerometer at the waist for seven days and provided information on quality of life, falls self-efficacy, cognitive functioning, and mobility.

Results:

There were 53 older adults (mean age [SD] 79.5 [7.8] years) enrolled in the study; 49 had valid data and demonstrated high levels of sedentary time (median [p10, p90] 591.3 [482.2, 707.2] minutes/day), low levels of light activity (186.6 [72.6, 293.7]), and MVPA (2 [0.1, 27.6]), as well as few daily steps (2467.7 [617.1, 6820.4]). Regression analyses showed that age, gender, gait speed, and time since fracture were associated with outcomes.

Conclusions:

Older adults have long periods of sedentary time with minimal activity. Results are a call to action to encourage people to sit less and move more.

Restricted access

Rebekka Pomiersky, Bastian Abel, Christian Werner, André Lacroix, Klaus Pfeiffer, Martina Schäufele and Klaus Hauer

(RCTs) including solely study participants with dementia ( Eggermont, Blankevoort, & Scherder, 2010 ) or Alzheimer’s disease ( Suttanon et al., 2013 ) showed that intervention approaches led to an adequate training adherence; however, these programs did not significantly or sustainably enhance or even

Restricted access

Activity and Sedentary Behavior on Cognitive Health in Older Adults David E. Vance * Virginia G. Wadley * Karlene K. Ball * Daniel L. Roenker * Matthew Rizzo * 7 2005 13 3 294 313 10.1123/japa.13.3.294 No Sustained Effect of Aerobic or Resistance Training on Insulin Sensitivity in Nonobese

Restricted access

Original Research What Sustains Long-Term Adherence to Structured Physical Activity After a Cardiac Event? Antonia M. Martin * Catherine B. Woods * 4 2012 20 2 135 147 10.1123/japa.20.2.135 Research Determinants of Neighborhood Activity of Adults Age 70 and Over: A Mixed-Methods Study Afroditi

Restricted access

75 10.1123/japa.7.1.62 Frontal Asymmetry, Dispositional Affect, and Physical Activity in Older Adults Eric E. Hall * Steven J. Petruzzello * 1 1999 7 1 76 90 10.1123/japa.7.1.76 Incidence and Determinants of Injuries Sustained by Older Women during a Walking Program A. Elizabeth Ready * Glen

Restricted access

.1123/jsep.35.4.408 Psychological Mechanisms Underlying Doping Attitudes in Sport: Motivation and Moral Disengagement Ken Hodge * * Elaine A. Hargreaves David Gerrard Chris Lonsdale 8 2013 35 4 419 432 10.1123/jsep.35.4.419 Research Note Acute Exercise Enhances Preschoolers’ Ability to Sustain

Restricted access

COMMENTARY 3 WINS Fitness: Sustainable, Affordable, and Scalable Fitness Program for the Next Generation Steven Loy * 16 4 241 242 10.1123/jpah.2019-0030 jpah.2019-0030 ORIGINAL RESEARCH Associations of the Built Environment With Physical Activity and Sedentary Time in Ugandan Outpatients With

Restricted access

1 93 106 10.1123/jsep.2013-0100 Driving and Sustaining Culture Change in Olympic Sport Performance Teams: A First Exploration and Grounded Theory Andrew Cruickshank * Dave Collins * Sue Minten * 2 2014 36 1 107 120 10.1123/jsep.2013-0133 The Digest The Digest Christopher Shields Jennifer

Restricted access

-Selection Andrea Nathan * Lisa Wood * Billie Giles-Corti * 1 2013 10 10 1 1 5 5 9 9 10.1123/jpah.10.1.5 Some Strategies for Sustaining a Walking Routine: Insights From Experienced Walkers Jason Duvall * Raymond De Young * 1 2013 10 10 1 1 10 10 18 18 10.1123/jpah.10.1.10 Assessing State-Level Active