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Nicolas Berryman, Iñigo Mujika and Laurent Bosquet

body mass and upper body maximal strength were reported between interventions (RT or RT + HIIT). Contrary to previous research, 6 these results suggested that a cycling intervention could lead to more strength impairments than a running program but the authors did not provide any insights about

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Kim Beals, Katherine A. Perlsweig, John E. Haubenstriker, Mita Lovalekar, Chris P. Beck, Darcie L. Yount, Matthew E. Darnell, Katelyn Allison and Bradley C. Nindl

essential amino acids throughout the day can help maintain lean body mass and muscle strength during periods of suboptimal caloric intake ( Pasiakos et al., 2013 ; Phillips, 2013 ; Rodriguez, 2013 ). Students consumed a mean fat intake of 1.6 ± 0.4 g·kg −1 ·day −1 (42% ± 5.5% total calories) (RC) and 1

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Abby L. Cheng, John A. Merlo, Devyani Hunt, Ted Yemm, Robert H. Brophy and Heidi Prather

female youth ice hockey athletes who had reached menarche compared with those who had not, with an incidence rate ratio of 4.1 (95% CI, 1.0–16.8). These findings are notable because although BMI is not an ideal measure of fat versus lean body mass, body composition is modifiable and further investigation

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Todd Miller, Stephanie Mull, Alan Albert Aragon, James Krieger and Brad Jon Schoenfeld

training in overweight women on a ketogenic diet conserved lean body mass while reducing body fat . Nutrition & Metabolism, 7 , 17 . PubMed doi:10.1186/1743-7075-7-17 10.1186/1743-7075-7-17 Josse , A.R. , Atkinson , S.A. , Tarnopolsky , M.A. , & Phillips , S.M. ( 2011 ). Increased consumption

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Alannah K. A. McKay, Ida A. Heikura, Louise M. Burke, Peter Peeling, David B. Pyne, Rachel P.L. van Swelm, Coby M. Laarakkers and Gregory R. Cox

. CHO = carbohydrate; HIT = high-intensity training; LIT = low-intensity training. Nutrition Interventions During the experimental trials, a standardized daily CHO intake of 6 (females) or 8 g/kg body mass (males) was consumed, with differences attributed to disparities in lean body mass and habitual

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Michele Merlini, Greg Whyte, Sam Marcora, Mike Loosemore, Neil Chester and John Dickinson

detect changes in muscle mass. By using other means of measuring changes in body composition (eg, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), we may have detected changes in muscle mass. In a recent study by Jessen et al, 9 they observed a significant increase in lean body mass of 1.03–1.04 kg as detected by

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Ulrika Andersson-Hall, Stefan Pettersson, Fredrik Edin, Anders Pedersen, Daniel Malmodin and Klavs Madsen

.2165/00007256-200535050-00003 10.2165/00007256-200535050-00003 Mettler , S. , Mitchell , N. , & Tipton , K.D. ( 2010 ). Increased protein intake reduces lean body mass loss during weight loss in athletes . Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 42 ( 2 ), 326 – 337 . PubMed doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181b2ef8e 10.1249/MSS

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Robert S. Thiebaud, Takashi Abe, Jeremy P. Loenneke, Tyler Garcia, Yohan Shirazi and Ross McArthur

.1371/journal.pone.0052843 10. Thiebaud RS , Loenneke JP , Fahs CA , et al . The effects of elastic band resistance training combined with blood flow restriction on strength, total bone-free lean body mass and muscle thickness in postmenopausal women . Clin Physiol Funct Imaging . 2013 ; 33 ( 5

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Emily Arentson-Lantz, Elfego Galvan, Adam Wacher, Christopher S. Fry and Douglas Paddon-Jones

/min (vs. resting: 65 ± 3 beats/min). The BR protocol ensured that all other weight bearings and most other incidental activities of daily living (particularly of the lower body) were minimized. Body Composition BR had a characteristically negative effect on lean body mass (Table  2 ). Total fat mass was

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Ellen Freiberger, Elisabeth Rydwik, Astrid Chorus, Erwin Tak, Christophe Delecluse, Federico Schena, Nina Waaler, Bob Laventure and Nico van Meeteren

. PLoS ONE, 10 ( 2 ), e0118293 . PubMed 10.1371/journal.pone.0118293 Peterson , M.D. , Sen , A. , & Gordon , P.M. ( 2011 ). Influence of resistance exercise on lean body mass in aging adults: A meta-analysis . Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 43 , 249 – 258 . PubMed doi:10.1249/MSS