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Emily Arentson-Lantz, Elfego Galvan, Adam Wacher, Christopher S. Fry and Douglas Paddon-Jones

/min (vs. resting: 65 ± 3 beats/min). The BR protocol ensured that all other weight bearings and most other incidental activities of daily living (particularly of the lower body) were minimized. Body Composition BR had a characteristically negative effect on lean body mass (Table  2 ). Total fat mass was

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Senda Sammoud, Alan Michael Nevill, Yassine Negra, Raja Bouguezzi, Helmi Chaabene and Younés Hachana

authors revealed that lean body mass was the singularly most important whole-body characteristic and that having greater limb segment length ratios (ie, arm ratio = lower arm/upper arm; foot-to-leg ratio = foot/lower leg) was key to personal best front crawl swim speeds. Likewise, Sammoud et al ( 40

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David Silva, Ronaldo Gabriel, Helena Moreira, João Abrantes and Aurélio Faria

. ( 2008 ). Contribution of the lean body mass to insulin resistance in postmenopausal women with visceral obesity: A monet study . Obesity, 16 ( 5 ), 1085 – 1093 . PubMed doi:10.1038/oby.2008.23. 10.1038/oby.2008.23 Bus , S.A. , & Lange , A. ( 2005 ). A comparison of the 1-step, 2-step, and 3

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Thomas Haugen, Jørgen Danielsen, Leif Olav Alnes, David McGhie, Øyvind Sandbakk and Gertjan Ettema

body mass: 70.4 [4.8] kg, fat mass: 9.7% [1.4%], and 100-m personal best: 10.86 [0.22] s) voluntarily signed up for this study. The athletes had performed sprint training for 9 (4) years. All athletes were healthy and free of injuries at the time of testing. The Norwegian Data Protection Authority

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Jacinta M. Saldaris, Grant J. Landers and Brendan S. Lay

body mass 62.9 [7.8] kg, and VO 2peak 63.6 [4.4] mL·kg −1 ·min −1 ) participated in the study. Ethical approval was granted by the Human Research Ethics Office at the University of Western Australia (RA/4/1/8273). Informed written consent was obtained from all participants before their involvement in

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Mads S. Larsen, Dagmar Clausen, Astrid Ank Jørgensen, Ulla R. Mikkelsen and Mette Hansen

mass (kg) Body mass DXA (kg) Lean body mass (kg) BMI (kg/m 2 ) VO 2 peak (LO 2 /min) Relative VO 2 peak (LO 2 ·min −1 ·kg −1 ) Energy (MJ/day) Protein (g/day) Carbohydrate (g/day) Fat (g/day) Sessions (per week) Duration (min/week) Distance (km/week) CHO 26.3 ± 6.8 74.0 ± 7.0 74.9 ± 7.0 65.7 ± 6.5 21

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Alannah K. A. McKay, Ida A. Heikura, Louise M. Burke, Peter Peeling, David B. Pyne, Rachel P.L. van Swelm, Coby M. Laarakkers and Gregory R. Cox

. CHO = carbohydrate; HIT = high-intensity training; LIT = low-intensity training. Nutrition Interventions During the experimental trials, a standardized daily CHO intake of 6 (females) or 8 g/kg body mass (males) was consumed, with differences attributed to disparities in lean body mass and habitual

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Stephanie A. Hooker, Laura B. Oswald, Kathryn J. Reid and Kelly G. Baron

, high variability) is related to a leaner body composition compared with no activity. This supports the recommendation that doing some physical activity is better than doing no physical activity for maintaining a lean body mass. This study also found that greater average caloric intake was associated with greater

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Guy El Hajj Boutros, José A. Morais and Antony D. Karelis

strength, and lean body mass in old type 2 diabetic patients: A meta-analysis . Diabetes Therapy, 8 ( 3 ), 459 – 473 . doi:10.1007/s13300-017-0258-3 10.1007/s13300-017-0258-3 Leong , D.P. , Teo , K.K. , Rangarajan , S. , Lopez-Jaramillo , P. , Avezum , A. , Jr. , Orlandini , A

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Ulrika Andersson-Hall, Stefan Pettersson, Fredrik Edin, Anders Pedersen, Daniel Malmodin and Klavs Madsen

.2165/00007256-200535050-00003 10.2165/00007256-200535050-00003 Mettler , S. , Mitchell , N. , & Tipton , K.D. ( 2010 ). Increased protein intake reduces lean body mass loss during weight loss in athletes . Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 42 ( 2 ), 326 – 337 . PubMed doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181b2ef8e 10.1249/MSS