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Astrid C.J. Balemans, Han Houdijk, Gilbert R. Koelewijn, Marjolein Piek, Frank Tubbing, Anne Visser-Meily and Olaf Verschuren

. Participants were allowed to fidget but not walk around during the standing position. Oxygen Consumption A face mask was placed around the mouth and nose to measure gas exchange. Oxygen consumption ( V ˙ O 2 ) and the production of carbon dioxide ( V ˙ CO 2 ) were measured using a respirometer (MetaMax 3B

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Sarah J. Willis, Grégoire P. Millet and Fabio Borrani

description that follows), which was performed to create a cycling baseline to normalize the NIRS with a more stable and reliable signal than a resting baseline. Thereafter, participants took a short break of 5 minutes to recover, while placing the oxygen uptake mask and pulse oxygen saturation probe, and a 6

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Martin J. MacInnis, Aaron C.Q. Thomas and Stuart M. Phillips

the same week. Ramp Incremental Exercise Test Ramp incremental exercise tests were performed on an electronically braked cycle ergometer (Velotron; Racer Mate Inc., Seattle, WA). Participants wore a heart rate monitor (Polar Electro Oy, Kempele, Finland) and a face mask (Hans Rudolph Inc, Shawnee, KS

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Mathias T. Vangsoe, Jonas K. Nielsen and Carl D. Paton

combine to mask the true effects of the difference strategies on performance. Conclusions In conclusion, the results of this study indicate that there was no benefit to adding either IPC or PAP procedures to a CON warm-up strategy. Furthermore, given the additional time required to complete the IPC and

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Adam Grainger, Paul Comfort and Shane Heffernan

temperature of −120°C in a cryosauna (CryoPod, Cumbria, United Kingdom). During the PBC sessions, players wore minimal clothing with shorts, socks, woollen slippers, woollen face mask, gloves, and a headband worn to avoid frostbite. Throughout the PBC session, participants were instructed to remain in motion

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Damir Zubac, Drazen Cular and Uros Marusic

reliability of single urine sampling of T PC may remain skewed. This is rather noteworthy, as the presence of T PC could potentially mask actual fluid-deficit characterization via U SG . Indeed, Fernandez-Elias et al 9 showed that regardless of an overall high-positive correlation between U SG and U OSM

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Andreas Apostolidis, Vassilis Mougios, Ilias Smilios, Johanna Rodosthenous and Marios Hadjicharalambous

, prior to the 15-minute half-time interval. Blood sampling, BP measurement, and a third battery of CMJ and RT tests were repeated right before and after the third 22.5-minute period. After that, the participants were connected to the gas analyzer by putting on a face mask and embarked on the fourth

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Haresh T. Suppiah, Chee Yong Low, Gabriel Choong and Michael Chia

electroencephalographic sensor (Zeo, Newton, MA) that was configured to obtain real-time objective sleep measures. 22 This system has been validated against an in-laboratory polysomnograpy. 23 For the nap, participants were ushered into a darkened room and allowed to nap with the assistance of earplugs and eye masks

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Anne Delextrat, Sinead Mackessy, Luis Arceo-Rendon, Aaron Scanlan, Roger Ramsbottom and Julio Calleja-Gonzalez

serial loading avoids the GI disturbances usually reported with such doses ingested acutely ( Burke & Pyne, 2007 ). In addition, capsules were preferred to powder to mask the taste of the substances ingested and allow blinding of the participants to the experimental conditions. Capsules were consumed in

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Sarah P. Shultz, Jinsup Song, Andrew P. Kraszewski, Jocelyn F. Hafer, Smita Rao, Sherry Backus, Rajshree M. Hillstrom and Howard J. Hillstrom

individual plantar regions of a 12-segment mask for each trial 29 ; an average value across all 5 trials was used in the statistical analysis. Foot function variables included peak pressure (N / cm 2 ), maximum force (N), pressure time integral (N · s / cm 2 ), force time integral (N · s), and maximum