Search Results

You are looking at 111 - 120 of 121 items for :

  • "normalization" x
  • Social Studies in Sport and Physical Activity x
Clear All
Restricted access

Timothy W. Cacciatore, Patrick M. Johnson and Rajal G. Cohen

throughout the weight shift. Together, these findings suggest that Alexander teachers were solving the movement challenge of smoothly rising from a chair at different speeds by adaptive use of their postural system. Figure 8 —Normalized hip torque during the 1-s chair rise in Alexander teachers and controls

Restricted access

Jessica Love and Lindsey Conlin Maxwell

idea of “getting your body back” normalized women’s bodily obligation ( Dworkin & Wachs, 2004 ). Dworkin and Messner’s ( 1999 ) research showed that fitness campaigns have sold anxieties about health and fitness to women by commodifying ideologies of feminist empowerment. These anxieties heighten for

Restricted access

Matthew Katz, Bob Heere and E. Nicole Melton

ties are spread across a predetermined variable. The IQV is a normalized summary measure of dispersion that ranges from perfectly homogenous to perfectly heterogeneous ( Halgin & Borgatti, 2012 ). Higher scores indicate greater heterogeneity among alters based on the classification of interest. To

Restricted access

Landy Di Lu and Kathryn L. Heinze

. We gathered the public support data from the IRS Form 990 (Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax), filed by each state-level BIA, using a Guidestar ( ). To standardize the differences in state income, we further normalized this data by state per capita

Restricted access

Chen Chen and Daniel S. Mason

claims to the land have been denied through narratives of progress and/or racial cultural superiority ( Smith, 2012 ; Trask, 1999 ). This brings up the last pillar of settler colonialism: Through the elimination of Indigenous peoples, settlers attempt to normalize their presence on the land ( Wolfe

Restricted access

Liam J.A. Lenten, Aaron C.T. Smith and Ralph-Christopher Bayer

athletes do not make decisions about doping based on ethics ( Engelberg, Moston, & Skinner, 2015 ). In fact, doping was normalized, leading to decisions made in a context of “moral disengagement.” In the absence of an idealized testing regime where drug use can be detected and eliminated, three options

Full access

Julie Minikel-Lacocque

. doi:10.26522/ssj.v2i1.969 10.26522/ssj.v2i1.969 Travers , A. ( 2014 ). Transformative gender justice as a framework for normalizing gender variance among children and youth . In E.J. Meyer & A. Pullen Sansfacon (Eds.), Supporting transgender and gender creative youth (pp.  54 – 68 ). New

Restricted access

Joris Drayer, Brendan Dwyer and Stephen L. Shapiro

entertainment aspects of the activity. However, as sports betting becomes normalized across the country, it may become more socially acceptable to promote the financial dimensions as well. However, given the presence of cognitive distortions, there is also evidence that some of these players may be at risk for

Restricted access

Dawn E. Trussell

the rhetoric of the discourse of diversity has arguably become normalized . . . much of the (overt) resistance to it—and therefore to inclusion of marginalized groups—seems to occur at the micro level” (p. 3). Indeed, at the microlevel, athletes who identify as LGBTQ may confront overt silencing

Restricted access

Stefan Walzel, Jonathan Robertson and Christos Anagnostopoulos

reinforce the dominant instrumental CSR ideology help normalize pragmatic and neoliberal views of CSR within the sport management discipline. About one-third of papers did not clearly define or paraphrase the CSR concept. From those papers that did, a further 20 manuscripts (29%) collectively used