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Dawn E. Trussell

the rhetoric of the discourse of diversity has arguably become normalized . . . much of the (overt) resistance to it—and therefore to inclusion of marginalized groups—seems to occur at the micro level” (p. 3). Indeed, at the microlevel, athletes who identify as LGBTQ may confront overt silencing

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Khirey B. Walker, Chad S. Seifried and Brian P. Soebbing

responsibility, governing financial aids to athletes, recruiting, and implementation ( Edleman, 2014 ). The Sanity Code was normalized between 1948 and 1950, but several schools (e.g., Boston College, Citadel, Maryland, Villanova, Virginia, Virginia Tech, and Virginia Military Institute) were found in violation

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Spencer Riehl, Ryan Snelgrove and Jonathon Edwards

prominent athletes with reference to attributes that are to be normalized. For example, the tradition of Michigan University athletics continues in part through the “Michigan Man” concept, which emphasizes a particular way of acting and competing ( Bacon, 2015 ). The last mechanism that maintains

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Chen Chen and Daniel S. Mason

claims to the land have been denied through narratives of progress and/or racial cultural superiority ( Smith, 2012 ; Trask, 1999 ). This brings up the last pillar of settler colonialism: Through the elimination of Indigenous peoples, settlers attempt to normalize their presence on the land ( Wolfe

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Jessica Love and Lindsey Conlin Maxwell

idea of “getting your body back” normalized women’s bodily obligation ( Dworkin & Wachs, 2004 ). Dworkin and Messner’s ( 1999 ) research showed that fitness campaigns have sold anxieties about health and fitness to women by commodifying ideologies of feminist empowerment. These anxieties heighten for

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Liam J.A. Lenten, Aaron C.T. Smith and Ralph-Christopher Bayer

athletes do not make decisions about doping based on ethics ( Engelberg, Moston, & Skinner, 2015 ). In fact, doping was normalized, leading to decisions made in a context of “moral disengagement.” In the absence of an idealized testing regime where drug use can be detected and eliminated, three options

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Timothy W. Cacciatore, Patrick M. Johnson and Rajal G. Cohen

throughout the weight shift. Together, these findings suggest that Alexander teachers were solving the movement challenge of smoothly rising from a chair at different speeds by adaptive use of their postural system. Figure 8 —Normalized hip torque during the 1-s chair rise in Alexander teachers and controls

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Joris Drayer, Brendan Dwyer and Stephen L. Shapiro

entertainment aspects of the activity. However, as sports betting becomes normalized across the country, it may become more socially acceptable to promote the financial dimensions as well. However, given the presence of cognitive distortions, there is also evidence that some of these players may be at risk for

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Stefan Walzel, Jonathan Robertson and Christos Anagnostopoulos

reinforce the dominant instrumental CSR ideology help normalize pragmatic and neoliberal views of CSR within the sport management discipline. About one-third of papers did not clearly define or paraphrase the CSR concept. From those papers that did, a further 20 manuscripts (29%) collectively used

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Brian P. McCullough, Madeleine Orr and Timothy Kellison

sport managers that instituting environmental initiatives would be economically viable or is morally imperative, legislative intervention would provide a clear path to normalizing sustainability in sport” ( Kellison & McCullough, 2018 , p. 453). One such form of legislation, state environmental policy