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Dajo Sanders, Teun van Erp and Jos J. de Koning

and objective measurements of intensity (and load) in evaluating training characteristics and how the combination of subjective and objective metrics can be used to detect states of excessive fatigue or adaptation. 17 – 19 Mean PO was largely higher in men’s races compared with women’s races, which

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Jamile S. Codogno, Henrique L. Monteiro, Bruna C. Turi-Lynch, Romulo A. Fernandes, Subhash Pokhrel and Nana Anokye

assessed through objective measurements (e.g., accelerometers). On the other hand, accelerometers capture daily PA but do not take into account in which context this PA happened, such as sports participation. The Likert scale used to categorize both weekly volume and previous time of engagement is a

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Christopher Kuenze, Lisa Cadmus-Bertram, Karin Pfieffer, Stephanie Trigsted, Dane Cook, Caroline Lisee and David Bell

characteristics of physical activity in this population may be improved through the integration of objective measurement to complement the self-reported measures currently in use. Participation in MVPA is a strong predictor of health-related quality of life, 16 chronic disease burden, 37 and premature mortality

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Sergio Estrada-Tenorio, José A. Julián, Alberto Aibar, José Martín-Albo and Javier Zaragoza

in both genders. 24 Using objective measurement, results showed a long-term positive impact of MVPA on academic attainment during adolescence, especially in girls who met MVPA recommendations. 14 However, other studies did not find any significant relationship between adolescents’ PA and academic

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Mohammad Siahpush, Trish D. Levan, Minh N. Nguyen, Brandon L. Grimm, Athena K. Ramos, Tzeyu L. Michaud and Patrik L. Johansson

least were able to account to some extent for the reverse causality by controlling for the presence of a chronic condition, which included a variety of diseases and limiting conditions. Third, physical activity and smoking were self-reported and not based on objective measurement. Self

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Nancy W. Glynn, Alexa J. Meinhardt, Kelsea R. LaSorda, Jessica L. Graves, Theresa Gmelin, Allison M. Gerger, Paolo Caserotti and Robert M. Boudreau

physical activity in older adults. We consider objective tools, that is, wearable activity monitors, as the gold standard for obtaining physical activity data, as they are less prone to response and recall biases ( Kowalski, Rhodes, Naylor, Tuokko, & MacDonald, 2012 ). However, objective measurements are

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Orlagh Farmer, Donna Duffy, Kevin Cahill, Diarmuid Lester, Sarahjane Belton and Wesley O’Brien

their associated protocols have established validity and reliability in children, and are designed to give an objective measurement of gross motor skill proficiency. The four locomotor skills (run, skip, vertical jump, and balance) and three object-control skills (stationary bounce, kick, and catch

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Petter Fagerberg

amount of exercise (predefined and controlled amount of exercise and self-reports); objective measurements of body composition and FFM (e.g., dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry [DEXA] hydrostatic weighing, magnetic resonance imaging, skinfolds, or four-compartment model); and outcomes showing effects on

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Declan Ryan, Jorgen Wullems, Georgina Stebbings, Christopher Morse, Claire Stewart and Gladys Onambele-Pearson

the current study would have strong implications in older adults who struggle to accumulate sufficient 10 MVPA, as they may find it easier to accumulate LIPA. Which Pattern of PB is the Best Predictor of Cardiovascular Health? With improvements in the objective measurement of SB, the focus of

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Jaehun Jung, Willie Leung, Bridgette Marie Schram and Joonkoo Yun

. Also, objective measurement utilizing accelerometers was used to measure physical activity as well. Any distinct differences or major methodological flaws were not detected. Therefore, the authors decided to include the Capio et al.’s study in this meta-analysis. However, the authors do not want to