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Georges Baquet, Gregory Dupont, François-Xavier Gamelin, Julien Aucouturier and Serge Berthoin

. 2013 ; 43 : 9 – 22 . doi:10.1007/s40279-012-0002-0 10.1007/s40279-012-0002-0 23315753 27. Ratel S , Bedu M , Hennegrave A , Doré E , Duché P . Effects of age and recovery duration on peak power output during repeated cycling sprints . Int J Sports Med . 2002 ; 23 : 397 – 402 . doi:10

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Deepika Singla and M. Ejaz Hussain

, might have led to an increased power output. 1 Chelly et al 1 found enhanced peak power output after an 8-week plyometric training (comprising of both upper body and lower body plyometric training) in adolescent handball players. Handball and baseball players have been reported to have improved body

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Cyril Schmit, Rob Duffield, Christophe Hausswirth, Jeanick Brisswalter and Yann Le Meur

.9% [7.0%] vs −0.18% [3.9%] in a 20-km time-trial [TT] duration, at ∼33°C, ∼60% relative humidity [RH]) following a 5-day low- (cycling at 40% of peak power output [PO] for 90 min) versus moderate-intensity (30 min of alternating 40%–70% of peak PO) HA protocol. However, the “high-intensity” exercises

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Ryan G. Timmins, Baubak Shamim, Paul J. Tofari, Jack T. Hickey and Donny M. Camera

synthesis after concurrent exercise . Med Sci Sports Exerc . 2015 ; 47 ( 1 ): 82 – 91 . PubMed ID: 24870574 doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000390 24870574 20. Hawley JA , Noakes TD . Peak power output predicts maximal oxygen uptake and performance time in trained cyclists . Eur J Appl Physiol Occup

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Gareth N. Sandford, Sian V. Allen, Andrew E. Kilding, Angus Ross and Paul B. Laursen

showed that fast-twitch muscle fiber composition and vastus lateralis muscle volume explained 65% of the normalized peak power output in cycling. Therefore, greater muscle mass differences (inferred from body mass measurement) between subgroups may explain part of their different MSS capability (Table  2

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Gustavo Tomazoli, Joao B. Marques, Abdulaziz Farooq and Joao R. Silva

. 10 According to the authors, CK activity increased by 30% for every 100 m of HSR running distance covered during a soccer match, while a decrement of 0.5% was observed for countermovement-jump peak power output at G+24 H. 13 We also observed that HSR was significantly different across the

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Kirsty Brock, Prokopios Antonellis, Matthew I. Black, Fred J. DiMenna, Anni Vanhatalo, Andrew M. Jones and Stephen J. Bailey

to complete the designated work target. Peak power output during the trials was taken as the highest 1-second power output during the trial, and end-exercise power output was taken as the mean power output over the final 10 seconds of the trial. Statistical Analysis A 2-way (pacing × priming

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Øyvind Sandbakk, Guro Strøm Solli and Hans-Christer Holmberg

-muscle mass) has been repeatedly proven to abolish these sex differences in strength and power. 12 For example, the main factor accounting for gender differences in peak power output during sprint cycling is the muscle mass of the lower extremities. 13 However, such normalization of upper-body power gives

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Cruz Hogan, Martyn J. Binnie, Matthew Doyle, Leanne Lester and Peter Peeling

 = 12) Trial 1 Trial 2 Mean TE %TE Power output, W 182 (36) 181 (36) 182 (35) 2 1.4 Peak power output, W 373 (84) 360 (64) 367 (73) 20 5.6 Stroke rate, strokes·min −1 74 (5) 73 (5) 74 (5) 1 1.9 Peak stroke rate, strokes·min −1 107 (12) 103 (7) 105 (9) 7 6.6 Speed, km·h −1 12.0 (0.8) 12.0 (0.8) 12.0 (0

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David Morawetz, Tobias Dünnwald, Martin Faulhaber, Hannes Gatterer, Lukas Höllrigl, Christian Raschner and Wolfgang Schobersberger

performance. 11 , 20 , 21 , 32 However, it should be noted that only the study of Hauser et al 20 was conducted in simulated hypoxia (∼1800 m). By contrast, Kay et al 22 reported an improved peak power output during a subsequent Wingate test in normoxia when inhaling oxygen (FiO 2  = 0.6 and 1.0) during