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Chi-Whan Choi, Jung-Wan Koo and Yeon-Gyu Jeong

the anterior superior iliac spine of the pelvis and the midline, just superior to the inguinal ligament 5 , 7 , 13 – 17 ; and the QL was placed approximately 3 cm lateral to the L3 spinous process (actually longissimus and iliocostalis at L3). 7 , 15 Given that some of the muscles were deep muscle

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Jung-Hoon Choi, Heon-Seock Cynn, Chung-Hwi Yi, Tae-Lim Yoon and Seung-Min Baik

upright and the pelvis neutral. The participants were asked to pull the first metatarsal head toward their heel in order to shorten their foot. During the SFE, the participants’ toes were not bent, and their forefoot and heel were kept in contact with the wooden box (Figure  1A ). Figure 1 SFE with or

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Aaron Nelson, Nathan Koslakiewicz and Thomas Gus Almonroeder

were removed following the standing trial with the exception of the markers on the anterior–superior and posterior–superior iliac spines, which tracked pelvis motion during the movement trials. Following the standing calibration trial, subjects performed double-leg drop landings from a 31-cm high box

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Scott W. Cheatham, Kyle R. Stull, Mike Fantigrassi and Ian Montel

Also, 5% to 6% of adult sports injuries occur at the hip and pelvis. 9 – 11 It is important for allied health and fitness professionals to be able to recognize common hip musculoskeletal conditions and how they can affect movements, such as the squat. Of interest are the effects of common hip

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shearing injuries and disruption of interfascial planes between the subcutaneous soft tissue and skin. a. True b. False 9. Where do Morel-Lavallée lesions most commonly occur? a. anterior thigh b. calf/lower leg c. greater trochanter d. pelvis 10. What is the gold standard for diagnosis of Morel

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Anson B. Rosenfeldt, Amanda L. Penko, Andrew S. Bazyk, Matthew C. Streicher, Tanujit Dey and Jay L. Alberts

self-paced treadmill surrounded by a 180° projection screen allows an individual to be immersed in an activity or scene. A self-paced treadmill speed algorithm ( Sloot, van der Krogt, & Harlaar, 2014 ) incorporating anterior–posterior pelvis position relative to the center of the treadmill to control

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Catherine Mason and Matt Greig

riding disciplines. 4 Increased anterior rotation of the upper body relative to the pelvis has been observed as trotting speed increases, 19 with movements of the trunk and head considered pivotal to riding effectiveness 17 and with additional work at the reins to control the horse. At sitting trot

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Marcus J. Brown, Laura A. Hutchinson, Michael J. Rainbow, Kevin J. Deluzio and Alan R. De Asha

filtered using a fourth order Butterworth filter with a 6 Hz cut-off, and a 7 segment (pelvis, thighs, shanks and feet) model was constructed. The pelvis segment’s center of mass (COM) position was established 6 and then COM velocity was calculated as the first derivative of COM position. Walking

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Ziva M. Rosker, Jernej Rosker and Nejc Sarabon

posterior structures of the spine, such as the neural arch and facet joints. 25 A stress-shielding strategy causes changes in the trunk and pelvis posture, decreasing the available range of movement in which there is no pain irritation 25 and, consequently, leading to more general changes in muscle

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Thomas G. Almonroeder, Emily Watkins and Tricia Widenhoefer

clusters were used to track the thigh, shank, and foot segments during the movement trials. The pelvis was tracked by the markers placed on the posterior superior iliac spines and on the iliac crests. With the markers in place, a standing calibration trial was captured. The 3-dimensional positions of the