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Richard A. Brindle, David Ebaugh and Clare E. Milner

, Myer GD , Ford KR , et al . Biomechanical measures of neuromuscular control and valgus loading of the knee predict anterior cruciate ligament injury risk in female athletes: a prospective study . Am J Sports Med . 2005 ; 33 : 492 – 501 . PubMed ID: 15722287 doi:10

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Kevin G. Aubol, Jillian L. Hawkins and Clare E. Milner

fractures? A prospective study . Med Sci Sports Exerc . 2004 ; 36 ( 5 ): S58 . 2. Milner CE , Ferber R , Pollard CD , Hamill J , Davis IS . Biomechanical factors associated with tibial stress fracture in female runners . Med Sci Sports Exerc . 2006 ; 38 ( 2 ): 323 – 328 . PubMed ID

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Brittany M. Ingram, Melissa C. Kay, Christina B. Vander Vegt and Johna K. Register-Mihalik

youth ice hockey athletes. • The literature search identified 5 possible studies related to the clinical question; 2 retrospective studies 4 , 6 and 1 prospective study 7 met the inclusion criteria and were included. • Of the included published articles, 2 studies 6 , 7 reported that the

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Kimmery Migel and Erik Wikstrom

. Br J Sports Med . 2016 ; 50 ( 24 ): 1496 – 1505 . PubMed ID: 27259753 doi:10.1136/bjsports-2016-096189 27259753 10.1136/bjsports-2016-096189 3. Willems T , Witvrouw E , Delbaere K , De Cock A , De Clercq D . Relationship between gait biomechanics and inversion sprains: a prospective

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Devajyoti Deka

. Although recalling events and experiences from the past in retrospective studies can potentially introduce biases, Smith, Del Sala, Logie, and Maylor ( 2000 ) showed that the biases in retrospective studies are not likely to be any more serious than those in prospective studies. The overall characteristics

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Anna M. Ifarraguerri, Danielle M. Torp, Abbey C. Thomas and Luke Donovan

feelings of instability associated with CAI due to the ankle being placed in a position that mimics the mechanism of injury of a LAS. 14 Furthermore, prospective studies concluded that individuals with a more laterally-deviated COP and increased inversion during gait are at a greater risk of sustaining a

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Gregory Knell, Deborah Salvo, Kerem Shuval, Casey Durand, Harold W. Kohl III and Kelley P. Gabriel

those recruited by a 3rd party firm, versus 71-days for those recruited by internal staff. It should be noted that the methodological approach described in the current study utilizes baseline (cross-sectional) data from a prospective study. Thus, future studies using a prospective design should consider

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Matthew A. Wyon, Roger Wolman, Nicolas Kolokythas, Karen Sheriff, Shaun Galloway and Adam Mattiussi

male and female athletes: a prospective study . Am J Sports Med . 2016 ; 44 ( 2 ): 355 – 361 . PubMed ID: 26646514 doi:10.1177/0363546515616237 26646514 10.1177/0363546515616237 25. Koutedakis Y , Khalouha M , Pacy P , Murphy M , Dunbar G . Thigh peak torques and lower-body injuries

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Irene Torres-Sánchez, Araceli Ortiz-Rubio, Irene Cabrera-Martos, María Granados-Santiago, Isabel López-Torres and Marie Carmen Valenza

, Leung GT , Fung AW , Chan WC , Lam LC . Physical exercise helped to maintain and restore functioning in Chinese older adults with mild cognitive impairment: a 5-year prospective study of the Hong Kong Memory and Ageing Prospective Study (HK-MAPS) . J Am Med Dir Assoc . 2017 ; 18 ( 4 ): 306

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Komeil Dashti Rostami, Aynollah Naderi and Abbey Thomas

Reduced GMED muscle activity may result in less resistance to hip adduction and internal rotation. Hip adduction and internal rotation is associated with a high-risk lower-extremity positioning that may lead to ACL (re)injury 49 as has been demonstrated through previous prospective studies. 19 , 50