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Steven Nagib and Shelley W. Linens

after suffering a concussion caused by sport or a direct blow to the head. • Three studies were included: 1 randomized control trial, 1 exploratory study, and 1 retrospective chart review. • All 3 studies support the use of VRT to treat postconcussion dizziness. • All 3 studies included used Dizziness

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Marjan Mosalman Haghighi, Yorgi Mavros and Maria A. Fiatarone Singh

exercise or behavioral programs on long-term PA and related health outcomes in type 2 diabetes within published randomized controlled trials (RCTs). In addition, we sought to define cohort, intervention, and PA measurement characteristics predictive of successful long-term behavioral changes. Methods Data

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Leanne Sawle, Jennifer Freeman and Jonathan Marsden

that a customized targeted compression orthosis may offer further benefits. Therefore, to explore the role of compression in injury management, and specifically the use of external pelvic compression in the form of a customized compression orthosis, a randomized controlled trial (RCT) was indicated

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Rodney P. Joseph, Kathryn E. Royse and Tanya J. Benitez

the same PA promotion website (ie, Benitez et al 27 tested an adapted version of the website used in the larger full-scale randomized controlled trials conducted by Marcus et al 29 ). Intervention materials of these studies included information on cultural-specific attitudes and barriers to PA

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Nicholas Hattrup, Hannah Gray, Mark Krumholtz and Tamara C. Valovich McLeod

stage of recovery. • The literature search returned 12 studies related to the clinical question; 5 studies met the inclusion criteria. • One study was a randomized controlled trial showing aerobic exercise compared to a stretching routine resulted in a 2-day decrease in symptoms. 14 • One article 15

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Oluwaseyi Osho, Oluwatoyosi Owoeye and Susan Armijo-Olivo

, & Haines, 2013 ; Nyman & Victor, 2012 ; Simek, McPhate, & Haines 2012 ). To quantify the effectiveness of a FPEP, the effect size is particularly valuable; it allows relative comparison between the intervention and control groups in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) ( Robert, 2002 ). It is a simple way

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Helen M. Binkley and Lauren E. Rudd

based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Due to the unexpected volume of studies, systematic reviews and meta-analyses, and studies that were not randomized controlled trial (RCT) or quasi-RCT were excluded prior to detailed appraisal. All included studies were critically appraised using the

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Justin Kompf

/A 3 mo Measured Planning may serve as a mediator between SE and physical activity only when individuals have high levels of motivation. Abbreviations: BMI, body mass index; ECR, executive control resource; PBC, perceived behavioral control; RCT, randomized control trial; SE, self-efficacy. Table 3

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Frances A. Kanach, Amy M. Pastva, Katherine S. Hall, Juliessa M. Pavon and Miriam C. Morey

CINAHL with a combination of subject headings and text words for inpatients, elderly, and exercise. We narrowed results to randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-experimental trials using a modified version of the Cochrane Highly Sensitive Search Strategy for identifying randomized trials in

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Erica M. Willadsen, Andrea B. Zahn and Chris J. Durall

determine the most effective training paradigm for reducing noncontact ACL injury risk. • The search generated 2 level 1b randomized control trials (RCTs) and 1 level 2b cohort study. These studies examined the effects of plyometric exercise, balance training, core stabilization training, and neuromuscular