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Leanne Sawle, Jennifer Freeman and Jonathan Marsden

that a customized targeted compression orthosis may offer further benefits. Therefore, to explore the role of compression in injury management, and specifically the use of external pelvic compression in the form of a customized compression orthosis, a randomized controlled trial (RCT) was indicated

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Oluwaseyi Osho, Oluwatoyosi Owoeye and Susan Armijo-Olivo

, & Haines, 2013 ; Nyman & Victor, 2012 ; Simek, McPhate, & Haines 2012 ). To quantify the effectiveness of a FPEP, the effect size is particularly valuable; it allows relative comparison between the intervention and control groups in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) ( Robert, 2002 ). It is a simple way

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Rodney P. Joseph, Kathryn E. Royse and Tanya J. Benitez

the same PA promotion website (ie, Benitez et al 27 tested an adapted version of the website used in the larger full-scale randomized controlled trials conducted by Marcus et al 29 ). Intervention materials of these studies included information on cultural-specific attitudes and barriers to PA

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Helen M. Binkley and Lauren E. Rudd

based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Due to the unexpected volume of studies, systematic reviews and meta-analyses, and studies that were not randomized controlled trial (RCT) or quasi-RCT were excluded prior to detailed appraisal. All included studies were critically appraised using the

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Justin Kompf

/A 3 mo Measured Planning may serve as a mediator between SE and physical activity only when individuals have high levels of motivation. Abbreviations: BMI, body mass index; ECR, executive control resource; PBC, perceived behavioral control; RCT, randomized control trial; SE, self-efficacy. Table 3

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Frances A. Kanach, Amy M. Pastva, Katherine S. Hall, Juliessa M. Pavon and Miriam C. Morey

CINAHL with a combination of subject headings and text words for inpatients, elderly, and exercise. We narrowed results to randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-experimental trials using a modified version of the Cochrane Highly Sensitive Search Strategy for identifying randomized trials in

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Samuel F. Jazzo, Daniel Scribner, Stephanie Shay and Kyung-Min Kim

patients with osteochondral lesions of the talus • Studies reporting self-reported pain or ankle function • Studies using PRP injections • Studies reported in English language • Studies that were randomized control trials • Studies that were within the last 10 years Exclusion Criteria • Studies that used

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Erica M. Willadsen, Andrea B. Zahn and Chris J. Durall

determine the most effective training paradigm for reducing noncontact ACL injury risk. • The search generated 2 level 1b randomized control trials (RCTs) and 1 level 2b cohort study. These studies examined the effects of plyometric exercise, balance training, core stabilization training, and neuromuscular

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Hiroshi Takasaki, Yu Okubo and Shun Okuyama

criteria were used: (1) assessment of the JPS; (2) peer-reviewed original studies with a randomized controlled trial or quasi-randomized controlled trial design; (3) participants with musculoskeletal disorders or healthy individuals (ie, neither animal studies nor those involving neurological problems

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Chih-Hsiang Yang and David E. Conroy

older adults, practicing mindfulness with a slower walking pace may be desirable because light physical activity is both safe and health-enhancing ( Loprinzi, Lee, & Cardinal, 2015 ; Nelson et al., 2007 ). Two randomized controlled trials have shown that mindful walking or walking meditation can be