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Mary Hellen Morcelli, Dain Patrick LaRoche, Luciano Fernandes Crozara, Nise Ribeiro Marques, Camilla Zamfolini Hallal, Mauro Gonçalves and Marcelo Tavella Navega

for predicting gait speed group membership, to establish critical torque and rate of torque development thresholds for each joint, and to test the sensitivity and specificity of these strength tests in identifying individuals at risk of slow gait speed. Receiver operator characteristic curves were

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José Messias Rodrigues da Silva, Marcia Uchoa de Rezende, Tânia Carvalho Spada, Lucila da Silva Francisco, Helenilson Pereira dos Santos, Robson de Andrade Souza, Júlia Maria D'Andréa Greve and Emmanuel Gomes Ciolac

isokinetic strength-testing protocol of the knee and ankle in older adults . Gerontology . 2009 ; 55 ( 3 ): 259 – 268 . 10.1159/000172832 18997454 27. Symons TB , Vandervoort AA , Rice CL , Overend TJ , Marsh GD . Reliability of isokinetic and isometric knee-extensor force in older women

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Curtis Kindel and John Challis

). On the day of strength testing all subjects had their hip, knee, and ankle joint ranges of motion measured by a licensed physical therapist, and then warmed-up on a recumbent stationary bike at a self-selected speed for 5 minutes. Strength curves were assessed for hip extension using a Biodex

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Gavriil G. Arsoniadis, Gregory C. Bogdanis, Gerasimos Terzis and Argyris G. Toubekis

). In the last preliminary session, 3 days following maximum strength testing, all swimmers performed 5 repetitions of 200 m (5 ×200 m) at intensities corresponding to 60%, 70%, 80%, 90%, and 100% of the 200-m maximum speed, each repetition starting every 5 minutes and 30 seconds with a push off start

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Stephen M. Cornish, Jeremie E. Chase, Eric M. Bugera and Gordon G. Giesbrecht

) percentage of body fat by bioelectrical impedance, (e) waist circumference, and (f) standard 1RM strength testing on each of the six muscle group apparatuses for determining the experimental resistance levels. These measures were taken on each participant to indicate that they were typically healthy older adult

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Ryan G. Timmins, Baubak Shamim, Paul J. Tofari, Jack T. Hickey and Donny M. Camera

power (MAP) 20 from the pretraining and week 6 tests were used to determine training loads for the endurance program for the END and CONC groups. Strength Testing Maximal Strength Assessment Maximal strength was assessed by determining each participants 1RM plate-loaded 45° incline leg press, seated

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Justin L. Rush, Lindsey K. Lepley, Steven Davi and Adam S. Lepley

assessment. Quadriceps Strength Testing and Volitional Activation Isometric strength was assessed using an isokinetic dynamometer by collecting the participant’s maximal voluntary force of the quadriceps muscles. Participants were instructed to sit on the dynamometer and were positioned in 90° of trunk

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Caroline Lisee, Lindsay Slater, Jay Hertel and Joe M. Hart

self-selected pace and were asked with which leg they would kick a ball farther to determine the dominant (DOM) leg. Participants were seated in the Biodex System III multimode dynamometer (Biodex Medical System, Inc, Shirley, NY) for isokinetic knee-extensor and knee-flexor strength testing

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Vandre C. Figueiredo, Michelle M. Farnfield, Megan L.R. Ross, Petra Gran, Shona L. Halson, Jonathan M. Peake, David Cameron-Smith and James F. Markworth

procedures. All procedures were approved by the human research ethic committees of RMIT University and the Australian Institute of Sport and conformed to the Declaration of Helsinki. Preliminary Testing Leg strength testing and familiarization One week prior to commencing the study, all subjects reported to

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Samuele Contemori, Andrea Biscarini, Fabio M. Botti, Daniele Busti, Roberto Panichi and Vito E. Pettorossi

position, shoulder adducted, elbow flexed at 90°, and forearm in a midway position between pronation and supination (subjects were instructed to punt the thumb upward). Each strength test was performed as a “make test” against the resistance of the “Kern HCB 200K100” dynamometer (Kern e Sohn GmbH, Ziegelei