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Mehdi Kordi, Campbell Menzies and Andy Galbraith

the highest sustainable running speed that can be maintained without a continual rise in VO 2 . 6 It has been reported to demarcate the boundary between the heavy and severe exercise intensity domains and is correlated with maximum lactate steady state and VO 2 max. 3 , 4 , 7 D ′ has been described

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Kyle M.A. Thompson, Alanna K. Whinton, Shane Ferth, Lawrence L. Spriet and Jamie F. Burr

.1161/01.CIR.74.5.1124 3769170 10.1161/01.CIR.74.5.1124 2. Barcroft H , Millen JLE . The blood flow through muscle during sustained contraction . J Physiol . 1939 ; 97 : 17 – 31 . PubMed ID: 16995147 doi:10.1113/jphysiol.1939.sp003789 10.1113/jphysiol.1939.sp003789 16995147 3. Andreas M , Schmid

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Gareth N. Sandford, Simon A. Rogers, Avish P. Sharma, Andrew E. Kilding, Angus Ross and Paul B. Laursen

30 seconds peak of VO 2 and then identifying the speed at which the first 15 seconds of that peak occurred. If an athlete achieved VO 2 peak during a stage that was not sustained for 1 minute, vVO 2 max was calculated in a pro rata manner. 9 vVO 2 max Estimation From 1500-m Race Time The 1500 v was

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Alan J. McCubbin, Bethanie A. Allanson, Joanne N. Caldwell Odgers, Michelle M. Cort, Ricardo J.S. Costa, Gregory R. Cox, Siobhan T. Crawshay, Ben Desbrow, Eliza G. Freney, Stephanie K. Gaskell, David Hughes, Chris Irwin, Ollie Jay, Benita J. Lalor, Megan L.R. Ross, Gregory Shaw, Julien D. Périard and Louise M. Burke

statement summarizes these issues and the nutrition and hydration strategies with which they can be addressed. Physiological Effects of Exertional Heat Stress Thermoregulation During exercise, high body temperatures arise from excess heat storage due to sustained imbalance between internal heat production

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Ben Desbrow, Katelyn Barnes, Gregory R. Cox, Elizaveta Iudakhina, Danielle McCartney, Sierra Skepper, Caroline Young and Chris Irwin

; Armstrong et al., 1994 ). Immediately prior to commencing the run, participants self-reported their thirst and hunger (10-point scales) and recorded a nude BM. Experimental Procedures Participants were encouraged to complete the 10-km run at a sustainable pace able to be replicated in both trials. A

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Sarah J. Willis, Jules Gellaerts, Benoît Mariani, Patrick Basset, Fabio Borrani and Grégoire P. Millet

 = 165–187 mLO 2 ·kg −1 ·km −1 in the best marathon runners 5 ), it remains under debate as a primary determinant of performance in ultradistance, 6 , 7 especially in mountain environments. Several specific determinants of ultratrail performance have been reported: maximal sustainable power, energy

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Edgar J. Gallardo and Andrew R. Coggan

blood pressure. This is presumably due to the lower dose of NO 3 − provided (i.e., ∼1 vs. ∼6 mmol), which failed to sustain the initial elevation in NO 2 − . In summary, we have measured the NO 3 − and NO 2 − concentration and hence content of numerous BRJ supplements. Our data reveal marked

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Thomas Haugen, Gøran Paulsen, Stephen Seiler and Øyvind Sandbakk

/peak anaerobic power for athletes. These Italian researchers developed a simple stair-running test and showed that peak power was reached after 1.5 to 2 seconds and could be sustained for 4 to 5 seconds. Later, scientists have proposed and applied specific tests for varying modalities. The test specificities for

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Matthew David Cook and Mark Elisabeth Theodorus Willems

anthocyanins (80 mg/day) do not affect muscle damage and fatigue sustained from the marathon. Bell et al. ( 2014 ) examined in trained cyclists the responses of Montmorency cherry extract on multiple bouts of 109-min stochastic road cycling simulation with intake 4 days precycling and 3 consecutive days of

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Gary J. Slater, Jennifer Sygo and Majke Jorgensen

published since the previous consensus, and reference is made to other articles published in this series to reduce redundancy. Determinants of Sprint Performance Sprint performance is determined primarily by reaction time, acceleration, maximum running velocity, and the ability to sustain this in the