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Marie Hardin and Erin Whiteside

In an effort to move beyond relying solely on institutional critiques in explaining women’s marginalized status in the sports media workplace and to expand our understanding of gendered meaning-making in such organizations, we employ feminist scholar Romy Fröhlich’s notion of the “friendliness trap” in the analysis of focus groups with women who work in college sports public relations, commonly called sports information. The friendliness trap is a term used to describe the faulty belief that women, by virtue of their feminine qualities, possess an advantage in communication-related fields. Our findings suggest, however, that women in sports information may be frustrated by the failure of “the female advantage” to provide them with opportunities for promotion. The friendliness trap obscures workplace realities, including the structural barriers to women’s advancement, and may divert the energy of women in ways that have no career benefit. Once the trap is exposed, however, women may be more able to challenge the meanings associated with it.

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Jay L. Alberts and Susan M. Linder

The acute and long-term effects of concussive and subconcussive head impacts on brain health have gained tremendous attention over the past five years. The treatment and management of concussion involves multiple providers from multiple disciplines and backgrounds. Varied backgrounds and approaches to assessing cognitive and motor function before and post-concussion are limiting factors in the efficient and effective management of concussion as discipline-specific rating scales and assessments serve as a barrier to effective patient hand-offs between providers. Combining principles of motor behavior with biomechanical approaches to data analysis has the potential to improve the continuity of care across the multiple providers managing athletes with concussion. Biomechanical measures have been developed and validated using mobile devices to provide objective and quantitative assessments of information processing, working memory, set switching, and postural stability. These biomechanical outcomes are integral to a clinical management algorithm, the Concussion Care Path, currently used across the Cleveland Clinic Health System. The objective outcomes provide a common data set that all providers in the spectrum of care can access which facilitates communication and the practice of medicine and in understanding the acute and long-term effects of concussion and subconcussive exposure on neurological function.

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Josh Trout and Eddie Vela

In 2009, California State University-Chico implemented a unique system of course redesign with the aim of improving student learning, increasing instructional efficiency, and reducing university costs. Inspired by and modeled after the National Center for Academic Transformation, the “Academy e-Learning” program involves a 3-week training covering models of course design, learning theories, assessment methods, and a host of instructional technologies. This paper summarizes data from 40 courses, across five separate cohort groups from 2009–2013, with respect to the efficacy of Academy e-Learning (re)design training. Data show improvements in student learning outcomes in over half of the course redesigns. Benefits of course redesign included increased instructional efficiency, enhanced student learning, and a reduction in university costs by offering some instruction online and increasing enrollment caps. Barriers to a successful course redesign included lack of time, technology malfunction, and workload concerns. This paper outlines the redesign process at California State University-Chico, discusses similar redesign initiatives at other institutions, and offers solutions for measuring effectiveness of a redesigned course.

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Brian E. Pruegger

stated to be a barrier for subjective investment. In Chapter 4, Fannie Valois-Nadeau offers an analysis of discussion forums related to the Canadiens in an attempt to interpret tensions in their “worship” culture. Integration versus rejection of foreigners was one of the representations that dominated

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Duane Knudson and Karen Meaney

accepting less perceived control over classroom interaction ( Michael, 2007 ; Patrick, Howell, & Wischusen, 2016 ). This paper presents an initiative by the leaders of the Department of Health and Human Performance (HHP) at Texas State University to minimize barriers to implementation of active

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Amy Baker, Mary A. Hums, Yoseph Mamo and Damon P.S. Andrew

four phases: initiation, cultivation, separation, and redefinition ( Chao, 1997 ). Furthermore, certain environmental factors (e.g., opportunities for mentoring, organizational climate) or barriers (e.g., access to mentors, fear of initiating a relationship) may inhibit or facilitate the process

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Beth G. Clarkson, Elwyn Cox and Richard C. Thelwell

). LaVoi and Dutove’s ( 2012 ) model of barriers (and supports) for women coaches organizes challenges that women coaches face in an ecological model from the most proximal (i.e., individual) to distal levels (i.e., sociocultural). A number of complex and dynamic barriers within this framework that impede

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Melissa Pangelinan, Marc Norcross, Megan MacDonald, Mary Rudisill, Danielle Wadsworth and James McDonald

 al. ( 2015 ) identified barriers or limitations perceived by students in experiential-learning programs, including logistics (e.g., location, transportation, schedule, resources at the sites), preparation/training, and the structure of the opportunity (e.g., day-to-day consistency, oversight). From the

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Senlin Chen and Alex Garn

knowledge gain ( Zhu et al., 2009 ). Qualitative evidence further supported the conclusion that certified physical educators can successfully implement these curricula after receiving standard training, despite some foreseeable challenges ( Zhu, Ennis, & Chen, 2011 ). A major barrier to implementing new

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Sharon E. Taverno Ross

in child activities, modeling physical activity, and feeding their child well ( O’Connor et al., 2013 ). Barriers to physical activity for Latino preschool children have been identified through both qualitative studies with parents and quantitative studies of children’s behavior and surrounding