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Margaret P. Sanders and Nicholas P. Murray

-defense program requires the instructor to provide physical demonstration, cues that promote imagery of the task, use of analogies to promote feelings of the action, and kinematic learning of the skill ( Angleman, Shinzato, Van Hasselt, & Russo, 2009 ; Liu, 2003 ). The cues that promote kinematic learning and

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Lisa M. Barnett and Owen Makin

to go back. The text and voice prompts were designed to be symmetrical, meaning the prompts mirrored the text and the imagery presented ( Chau, 2014 ; Nikolajeva & Scott, 2013 ). This paper uses two samples from the same Australian city, which will be hereafter referred to as the younger sample ( n

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Nicholas D. Myers, Sung Eun Park, Soyeon Ahn, Seungmin Lee, Philip J. Sullivan and Deborah L. Feltz

. Further, as Boardley ( 2017 ) noted, coach experience and preparation are highly contextualized, so the types of coach experiences and preparation within in different levels of coaching should be considered. He also mentioned psychological skills (e.g., imagery use, self-talk, goal setting), which we

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Daniel J. Brown, Rachel Arnold, Martyn Standage and David Fletcher

), which have also been suggested to influence thriving (see Fletcher & Sarkar, 2012 ; Sarkar & Fletcher, 2014a ). Moreover, research has highlighted various psychological skills (e.g., goal-setting, imagery) that are believed to assist with adaptive stress responses and relate to sporting success and

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Iñigo Mujika, Shona Halson, Louise M. Burke, Gloria Balagué and Damian Farrow

gain expected or desired • Ergogenic supplements no longer required • Proactive nutrition for injury management/rehabilitation, if appropriate Psychology • Motivation, pain and fatigue management, and self-awareness • Goal setting for practice, imagery, and relaxation/activation techniques

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Tatsuya Daikoku, Yuji Takahashi, Nagayoshi Tarumoto and Hideki Yasuda

auditory beat and its metrical hierarchy in perception and imagery . Journal of Neuroscience, 35 , 15187 – 15198 . PubMed doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2397-15.2015 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2397-15.2015 Fujioka , T. , Trainor , L.J. , Large , E.W. , & Ross , B. ( 2012 ). Internalized timing of isochronous

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the context of the physical interaction of the individual with the physical and social environment with processes of change in neuronal structures and functional processes. These interactions also lead to changes in different systems of knowledge, motor imagery, perception and action, which in turn

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Denise M. Hill, Sheldon Hanton, Nic Matthews and Scott Fleming

This study explores the antecedents, mechanisms, influencing variables, and consequences of choking in sport and identifies interventions that may alleviate choking. Through the use of qualitative methods, the experiences of six elite golfers who choked frequently under pressure were examined and compared with five elite golfers who excelled frequently under pressure. The perspectives of four coaches who had worked extensively with elite golfers who had choked and excelled, were also considered. The study indicated that the participants choked as a result of distraction, which was caused by various stressors. Self-confidence, preparation, and perfectionism were identified as key influencing variables of the participants’ choking episodes, and the consequence of choking was a significant drop in performance that affected negatively future performances. Process goals, cognitive restructuring, imagery, simulated training, and a pre/postshot routine were perceived as interventions that may possibly prevent choking.

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Iréné Lopez-Fontana, Carole Castanier, Christine Le Scanff and Alexandra Perrot

: The Lothian Birth Cohort 1921 . The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 72 ( 1 ), 25 – 37 . doi:10.1093/geronb/gbw124 10.1093/geronb/gbw124 Habacha , H. , Molinaro , C. , & Dosseville , F. ( 2014 ). Effects of gender, imagery ability, and sports

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Denver M.Y. Brown and Steven R. Bray

imagery leads to muscle fatigue and diminished performance of isometric exercise . Biological Psychology, 103 , 1 – 6 . PubMed doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2014.07.018 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2014.07.018 Hagger , M.S. , & Chatzisarantis , N.L. ( 2013 ). The sweet taste of success: The presence of glucose