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Senda Sammoud, Alan Michael Nevill, Yassine Negra, Raja Bouguezzi, Helmi Chaabene and Younés Hachana

authors revealed that lean body mass was the singularly most important whole-body characteristic and that having greater limb segment length ratios (ie, arm ratio = lower arm/upper arm; foot-to-leg ratio = foot/lower leg) was key to personal best front crawl swim speeds. Likewise, Sammoud et al ( 40

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Michele Merlini, Greg Whyte, Sam Marcora, Mike Loosemore, Neil Chester and John Dickinson

detect changes in muscle mass. By using other means of measuring changes in body composition (eg, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), we may have detected changes in muscle mass. In a recent study by Jessen et al, 9 they observed a significant increase in lean body mass of 1.03–1.04 kg as detected by

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Alannah K. A. McKay, Ida A. Heikura, Louise M. Burke, Peter Peeling, David B. Pyne, Rachel P.L. van Swelm, Coby M. Laarakkers and Gregory R. Cox

. CHO = carbohydrate; HIT = high-intensity training; LIT = low-intensity training. Nutrition Interventions During the experimental trials, a standardized daily CHO intake of 6 (females) or 8 g/kg body mass (males) was consumed, with differences attributed to disparities in lean body mass and habitual

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Nicolas Berryman, Iñigo Mujika and Laurent Bosquet

body mass and upper body maximal strength were reported between interventions (RT or RT + HIIT). Contrary to previous research, 6 these results suggested that a cycling intervention could lead to more strength impairments than a running program but the authors did not provide any insights about

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Jacinta M. Saldaris, Grant J. Landers and Brendan S. Lay

body mass 62.9 [7.8] kg, and VO 2peak 63.6 [4.4] mL·kg −1 ·min −1 ) participated in the study. Ethical approval was granted by the Human Research Ethics Office at the University of Western Australia (RA/4/1/8273). Informed written consent was obtained from all participants before their involvement in

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Hyunjae Jeon, Melanie L. McGrath, Neal Grandgenett and Adam B. Rosen

alignments, patellar position, patellar laxity, and lean body mass. References 1. Crossley KM , Thancanamootoo K , Metcalf BR , Cook JL , Purdam CR , Warden SJ . Clinical features of patellar tendinopathy and their implications for rehabilitation . J Orthop Res . 2007 ; 25 ( 9 ): 1164

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Jennifer Dekker, Katlynne Nelson, Nigel Kurgan, Bareket Falk, Andrea Josse and Panagiota Klentrou

proper form and technique were used throughout the set. Measurements Height and seated height were measured to the nearest 0.1 cm using a stadiometer (Ellard Instruments, Monroe WA, USA), with no shoes and light clothes. Body mass (kg) as well as body composition including lean body mass, fat mass, and

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Meg E. Letton, Jeanette M. Thom and Rachel E. Ward

: ↓ body fat (11.7%), ↑ lean body mass (5.7%) Hormones: ↑ testosterone (19.7%), ↓ cortisol (2.5%) 8 Hedgepeth (1987) 20 Dancers enrolled in a ballet class. Years training: 2 9 18–23 Barre exercises (25–30 min) including stretching, center work (45–50 min) including balancing and jumping 1.5 h, 3 d/wk 8

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Mads S. Larsen, Dagmar Clausen, Astrid Ank Jørgensen, Ulla R. Mikkelsen and Mette Hansen

mass (kg) Body mass DXA (kg) Lean body mass (kg) BMI (kg/m 2 ) VO 2 peak (LO 2 /min) Relative VO 2 peak (LO 2 ·min −1 ·kg −1 ) Energy (MJ/day) Protein (g/day) Carbohydrate (g/day) Fat (g/day) Sessions (per week) Duration (min/week) Distance (km/week) CHO 26.3 ± 6.8 74.0 ± 7.0 74.9 ± 7.0 65.7 ± 6.5 21

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Anna K. Melin, Ida A. Heikura, Adam Tenforde and Margo Mountjoy

of LEA, evenly distributed intake of protein (20–30 g every 3–4 hr) may support the maintenance of lean body mass and improve satiety ( Hector & Phillips, 2018 ). Throws Shot put Hammer Discus Javelin Physique requirements: A high body mass and BMI, moderate muscularity. Strong arms and legs, larger