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Alexei Wong and Arturo Figueroa

.1* , ** Note . LIRET = low-intensity resistance exercise training; BMI = body mass index; LBM = lean body mass; BF = body fat. Data are mean ± SEM. * p  < .01 different than before. ** p  < .01 different than control. Autonomic variables at baseline and after 12 weeks for the control and LIRET groups are

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Nicolas Berryman, Iñigo Mujika and Laurent Bosquet

body mass and upper body maximal strength were reported between interventions (RT or RT + HIIT). Contrary to previous research, 6 these results suggested that a cycling intervention could lead to more strength impairments than a running program but the authors did not provide any insights about

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Alannah K. A. McKay, Ida A. Heikura, Louise M. Burke, Peter Peeling, David B. Pyne, Rachel P.L. van Swelm, Coby M. Laarakkers and Gregory R. Cox

. CHO = carbohydrate; HIT = high-intensity training; LIT = low-intensity training. Nutrition Interventions During the experimental trials, a standardized daily CHO intake of 6 (females) or 8 g/kg body mass (males) was consumed, with differences attributed to disparities in lean body mass and habitual

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Todd Miller, Stephanie Mull, Alan Albert Aragon, James Krieger and Brad Jon Schoenfeld

training in overweight women on a ketogenic diet conserved lean body mass while reducing body fat . Nutrition & Metabolism, 7 , 17 . PubMed doi:10.1186/1743-7075-7-17 10.1186/1743-7075-7-17 Josse , A.R. , Atkinson , S.A. , Tarnopolsky , M.A. , & Phillips , S.M. ( 2011 ). Increased consumption

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Robert S. Thiebaud, Takashi Abe, Jeremy P. Loenneke, Tyler Garcia, Yohan Shirazi and Ross McArthur

. 2012 ; 7 ( 12 ): e52843 . doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0052843 23300795 10. Thiebaud RS , Loenneke JP , Fahs CA , et al . The effects of elastic band resistance training combined with blood flow restriction on strength, total bone-free lean body mass and muscle thickness in postmenopausal women

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Michele Merlini, Greg Whyte, Sam Marcora, Mike Loosemore, Neil Chester and John Dickinson

detect changes in muscle mass. By using other means of measuring changes in body composition (eg, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), we may have detected changes in muscle mass. In a recent study by Jessen et al, 9 they observed a significant increase in lean body mass of 1.03–1.04 kg as detected by

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Louise M. Burke, Bronwen Lundy, Ida L. Fahrenholtz and Anna K. Melin

(EI; Loucks, 2004 ). Since fat-free mass (FFM) has a greater capacity for energy expenditure than fat mass, it is intuitive to express EA relative to FFM (or lean body mass [LBM]) rather than total body mass, yielding the equation ( Loucks, 2004 ): EA = ( EI − EEE ) / FFM . Ideally, an athlete’s EI

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Anna K. Melin, Ida A. Heikura, Adam Tenforde and Margo Mountjoy

of LEA, evenly distributed intake of protein (20–30 g every 3–4 hr) may support the maintenance of lean body mass and improve satiety ( Hector & Phillips, 2018 ). Throws Shot put Hammer Discus Javelin Physique requirements: A high body mass and BMI, moderate muscularity. Strong arms and legs, larger

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squat and countermovement jump, and peak torque values in hamstrings for group 1, but not in group 2. In the control group, an increase in squat and countermovement jump, and peak torque (only left hamstring) was observed. There was also a significant increase in lean body mass of the legs in group 1

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Jakob Tarp, Anna Bugge, Niels Christian Møller, Heidi Klakk, Christina Trifonov Rexen, Anders Grøntved and Niels Wedderkopp

muscle fitness in adolescence and in preadolescent children, with lower circulating androgens, may be important as muscle fitness adaptations in children are explained primarily by neural adaptations and less by increased muscle fiber volume. 35 Gains in lean body mass and the concomitant increase in