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Scott E. Crouter, Paul R. Hibbing and Samuel R. LaMunion

criterion measure. The oxygen consumption (VO 2 ) data were averaged over one-minute periods and converted to EE (MET y  = activity VO 2 divided by measured RMR). A cutoff of <1.5 MET y was used to identify minutes of SB. All minutes of the free-living measurement were used, except when the mask was

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Adam Grainger, Paul Comfort and Shane Heffernan

temperature of −120°C in a cryosauna (CryoPod, Cumbria, United Kingdom). During the PBC sessions, players wore minimal clothing with shorts, socks, woollen slippers, woollen face mask, gloves, and a headband worn to avoid frostbite. Throughout the PBC session, participants were instructed to remain in motion

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Heidi R. Thornton, Jace A. Delaney, Grant M. Duthie and Ben J. Dascombe

chronic sleep deprivation, masking the effect of alterations in training requirements on subsequent sleep. As such, future research could investigate the objective and subjective sleep characteristics and subjective wellness of team-sport athletes who regularly obtain sufficient sleep during intensified

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Robin Healy, Ian C. Kenny and Andrew J. Harrison

. Practitioners should also be wary of directly comparing athletes’ RSI or RSR values or using RSI or RSR group normative values, as aggregate scores may mask valuable information about individual strategies. Consequently, values should always be presented with the corresponding CTs and JHs or FTs to give greater

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Mhairi J. MacDonald, Samantha G. Fawkner, Ailsa G. Niven and David Rowe

-CPX; Viasys Healthcare, Höchberg, Germany). The participants breathed through an appropriately sized tight-fitting mask (Hans Rudolph Inc, Shawnee Mission, KS) with the total dead space volume, including turbine, of 120 mL. The gas analyzer, volume sensor, and turbine were calibrated according to the

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Mads S. Larsen, Dagmar Clausen, Astrid Ank Jørgensen, Ulla R. Mikkelsen and Mette Hansen

during the study period. The subjects were blinded to the content of the presleep beverages. To mask the content, each drink (protein and carbohydrate) came in two flavors (protein: apple and grapefruit; carbohydrate: berry and pomegranate). Each subject received the same flavored drink every night by

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Tania Pereira, John Durocher and Jamie Burr

using a 3-L cylinder syringe. During data collection, the volume of expired air was measured using an optical turbine connected to the mask, whereas O 2 and CO 2 were measured via sampling lines that attach the facemask to the analyzer (Figure  1 ). Breath-by-breath data were recorded and uploaded for

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Melissa Davies, Michael L. Naraine and Brandon Mastromartino

Knight’s mask includes a V for Vegas hidden in the design. Further, the secondary logo plays off the famous “Welcome to Las Vegas” sign with a star-shaped design (see http://www.sportslogos.net/logos/view/611442262018/Vegas_Golden_Knights/2018/Alternate_Logo ). Colors The team colors are also meant to

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Martin J. MacInnis, Aaron C.Q. Thomas and Stuart M. Phillips

the same week. Ramp Incremental Exercise Test Ramp incremental exercise tests were performed on an electronically braked cycle ergometer (Velotron; Racer Mate Inc., Seattle, WA). Participants wore a heart rate monitor (Polar Electro Oy, Kempele, Finland) and a face mask (Hans Rudolph Inc, Shawnee, KS

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Mathias T. Vangsoe, Jonas K. Nielsen and Carl D. Paton

combine to mask the true effects of the difference strategies on performance. Conclusions In conclusion, the results of this study indicate that there was no benefit to adding either IPC or PAP procedures to a CON warm-up strategy. Furthermore, given the additional time required to complete the IPC and