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Wataru Kawakami, Makoto Takahashi, Yoshitaka Iwamoto and Koichi Shinakoda

increased relative motion of the forefoot, compared with the midfoot, during late stance (Table  3 and Figure  1A ). Second, the hallux valgus group showed excessive mobility of the rearfoot compared with the midfoot (Figure  2B ). Third, the hallux valgus group showed increased antiphase motion between

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Umut Ziya Kocak and Bayram Unver

response. 8 , 9 , 11 , 12 Moreover, it is reported in the literature that injuries are more common, especially in the last 15 minutes of both halves of a soccer match. 12 Therefore, considering fatigue status when determining the injury risk may be important. Various performance-based and/or mobility

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Matthew J. Hussey, Alex E. Boron-Magulick, Tamara C. Valovich McLeod and Cailee E. Welch Bacon

Clinical Scenario Shoulder range of motion (ROM) in throwing athletes relies on a balance of mobility and stability to maintain proper function and health. Prior research has reported that deficits in internal rotation greater than 20°, decreases in total arc of motion greater than 5° when compared

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Francesco Campa, Alessandro Piras, Milena Raffi and Stefania Toselli

movement patterns were evaluated by a physician specifically trained using standard FMS Test Kits (Functional Movement Systems, Inc., Lynchburg, VA). The 7 movements examined in FMS are deep squat, hurdle step, in-line lunge, shoulder mobility (SM), active straight leg raise (ASLR), trunk stability push

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Wojciech Jedziniak, Piotr Lesiakowski and Teresa Zwierko

squared), saccade peak deceleration (in degrees per second squared), and saccade average velocity (in degrees per second). The ocular mobility index (%) was calculated using the formula 100 × (saccade duration/[fixation duration + saccade duration]), according to Poiroux et al. ( 2015 ). The Kolmogorov

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C. Michael Greenwood, David A. Dzewaltowski and Ron French

The importance of self-efficacy as a cognitive mediator of wheelchair mobile individuals’ psychological well-being was examined. Specifically assessed were competitive wheelchair tennis participants’ and wheelchair nontennis participants’ mood and self-efficacy toward performing tennis and general wheelchair mobility tasks. Wheelchair tennis participants exhibited an iceberg profile of positive well-being and were higher than the Profile of Mood States norm on vigor and lower than the norm on tension, anger, depression, fatigue, and confusion. Furthermore, wheelchair mobility self-efficacy significantly correlated with wheelchair tennis self-efficacy. More important, both self-efficacy measures correlated significantly with vigor for the wheelchair tennis participants and wheelchair mobility self-efficacy correlated significantly with each mood factor except depression for the wheelchair nontennis participants. It was concluded that wheelchair mobile individuals participating in tennis may be more confident about performing tennis skills and general wheelchair mobility tasks than are wheelchair mobile nonparticipants.

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Anne Sofie B. Malling, Bo M. Morberg, Lene Wermuth, Ole Gredal, Per Bech and Bente R. Jensen

-39 (PDQ39) is a well-established health-related QoL questionnaire ( Peto, Jenkinson, Fitzpatrick, & Greenhall, 1995 ). It consists of eight dimensions that assess mobility (PDQ39-Mob), activities of daily living (PDQ39-ADL), emotional well-being, stigma, social support, cognitions, communication, and

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Julien Le Gal, Mickael Begon, Benoit Gillet and Isabelle Rogowski

dominant glenohumeral joint. Stretching exercises are commonly recommended to restore glenohumeral mobility. 10 A recent meta-analysis, however, highlights that there is little to moderate evidence on the effectiveness of the cross-body stretch and sleeper stretch exercises, performed alone or in

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Scott W. Cheatham

.80 (40) Years in practice, y (N)  Average years in professional practice 12 (685) 5 (155) 11 (202) Immediate and lasting changes (>2 wk) with treatment, a % (N)  Increased joint ROM 40.14 (275) 61.11 (95) 76.24 (154)  Increased mobility 68.17 (467) 89

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Nathan F. Meier, Yang Bai, Chong Wang and Duck-chul Lee

) after midlife are associated with mobility issues ( Manini et al., 2007 ), decreased quality of life, higher risk of falls ( Fukagawa, Wolfson, Judge, Whipple, & King, 1995 ), loss of independence ( Abellan Van Kan, 2009 ), and higher morbidity and mortality ( Aagaard, Suetta, Caserotti, Magnusson