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Lukas D. Linde, Jessica Archibald, Eve C. Lampert and John Z. Srbely

placed on the trunk, pelvis, right thigh, right shank, and right foot (Figure  1 ) with imaginary markers digitized at appropriate anatomical landmarks, including coracoid processes, xiphoid process, anterior superior iliac spines, posterior superior iliac spines, greater trochanters, right femoral

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Ui-Jae Hwang, Sung-Hoon Jung, Hyun-A Kim, Jun-Hee Kim and Oh-Yun Kwon

, neurological disease, musculoskeletal dysfunction of the lumbar spine or pelvis, or claustrophobia were recruited and randomly assigned to the ST or EMS group (Figure  1 and Table  1 ). Participants with cardiac pacemakers or other electronic implants were excluded from the EMS group. Individuals who had an

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Yong Wook Kim, Na Young Kim, Won Hyuk Chang and Sang Chul Lee

(band) 2. Sidelying bridge with elastic suspension (frontal plane challenge) Raise the pelvis with forearm support lateral bridge position with movement of hip reciprocal flexion/extension, slightly knee flexion/extension while hanging lower extremities on elastic suspension unit with fastening clip on

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Cherice N. Hughes-Oliver, Kathryn A. Harrison, D.S. Blaise Williams III and Robin M. Queen

medial and lateral first and fifth metatarsal heads) and segment tracking (calcaneus, shank, thigh, and pelvis) markers placed on bilateral lower extremities (Figure  1 ). The static joint markers were used to establish joint centers and segment coordinate systems for both movement tasks. The static

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Jerraco L. Johnson, Mary E. Rudisill, Peter A. Hastie and Julia Sassi

trunk action occurs, it accompanies the forward thrust of the arm by flexing forward at the hips. Preparatory extension sometimes precedes forward hip flexion. Step 2 Upper trunk rotation or total trunk (“block”) rotation. The spine and pelvis rotate away from the intended line of flight and then

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John H. Hollman, Tyler A. Berling, Ellen O. Crum, Kelsie M. Miller, Brent T. Simmons and James W. Youdas

distal calf and secured to the plinth. An additional strap was secured around the pelvis to stabilize the back and pelvis and minimize utilization of extraneous muscles during MVIC testing. Participants flexed their knee isometrically against resistance at approximately 20° of knee flexion. Three 7

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Chad Van Ramshorst and Woochol Joseph Choi

back, pelvis, knee, ankle, and foot, 4 – 6 , 14 – 18 and the pathology specific to the knee may include stress fractures, patellofemoral syndrome, muscle strains, and ligament sprains. 5 , 15 – 17 Although no research data are available to provide further understanding of the cause of these injuries

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Lauren A. Brown, Eric E. Hall, Caroline J. Ketcham, Kirtida Patel, Thomas A. Buckley, David R. Howell and Srikant Vallabhajosula

clinical setting along with gait testing by clinicians. This is particularly important because turning is a complex motor task that involves multisegmental rotation and temporal coordination of head, trunk, and pelvis while maintaining postural stability of the whole body. Previous research reported that

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Orges Lena, Jasemin Todri, Ardita Todri, José Luis Martínez Gil and Maria Gomez Gallego

period, the postural treatment of athletes with LBP was modified; it was addressed by changing the position of the pelvis in 90° flexion, with the knees in 180° maintained by the therapist associated with deep diaphragmatic breathing, and the patient always lying supine in bed therapy. More specifically

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Roel De Ridder, Tine Willems, Jos Vanrenterghem, Ruth Verrelst, Cedric De Blaiser and Philip Roosen

landing, they had to place their hands immediately on their pelvis and maintain balance for at least 5 seconds. For the actual testing procedure, 5 successful trials were registered for each of the 2 jump tasks. Trials were discarded if participants did not “stick” the landing, removed their hands from