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Christopher M. Saliba, Allison L. Clouthier, Scott C.E. Brandon, Michael J. Rainbow and Kevin J. Deluzio

) Walking speed, m/s 1.25 (0.19) 1.17 (0.18) 1.34 (0.16) A set of sixty-four 12.7-mm diameter retroreflective markers were adhered to participants’ feet, legs, pelvis, torso, head, and arms to define anatomical landmarks and track segment motion. 22 Participants performed 8 overground walking trials across

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Marissa C. Gradoz, Lauren E. Bauer, Terry L. Grindstaff and Jennifer J. Bagwell

a barrier to further movement 11 or compensation with further movement as determined by the examiner. It was expected that the examiner would detect a capsular end feel. Visual observation was used to detect compensations. If participants demonstrated lateral trunk or pelvis obliquity or trunk

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Katie A. Conway, Randall G. Bissette and Jason R. Franz

displacement of the subjects’ pelvis. FCU indicates functional capacity utilized. Reduced mechanical output of the plantarflexor muscles during push-off, and thus reduced propulsive forces, are hallmark biomechanical features of elderly gait as well as gait pathology, such as that following a stroke. 2 , 3

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Danielle Nesbitt, Sergio Molina, Ryan Sacko, Leah E. Robinson, Ali Brian and David Stodden

Categories for Task of Rising from a Supine to a Standing Position (Adapted from Marsala & VanSant, 1998 ; Vansant, 1988a , 1988b ) Upper Extremity Movement Patterns  Level 1 Push and reach to bilateral push. One hand is placed on the support surface beside the pelvis. The other arm reaches across the

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Gakuto Kitamura, Hiroshige Tateuchi and Noriaki Ichihashi

that the tightness of the hip-flexor muscle can reduce hip extension that create a lumbar hyperextension and pelvic anterior tilt in various movements in water. 6 Pelvic anterior tilting can make the pelvis at a lower position than normal in water. 6 A study examined the swimmers experiencing LBP and

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Jake A. Melaro, Ramzi M. Majaj, Douglas W. Powell, Paul DeVita and Max R. Paquette

, Watertown, MA) were used to obtain 3-dimensional (3D) kinematics and GRFs, respectively, during walking. The 3D kinematics were tracked using retroreflective markers applied to the pelvis and right leg of each participant. Thermoplastic shells with at least 3 noncollinear markers were secured to the pelvis

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Tzu-Chieh Liao, Joyce H. Keyak and Christopher M. Powers

joint kinematics and kinetics, reflective markers were identified manually within the Qualisys workstation software (Qualisys Inc). Visual 3-D software (C-Motion, Rockville, MD) was then used to quantify 3-D kinematics and kinetics of the tibiofemoral joint. The pelvis segment was modeled as a cylinder

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Lukas D. Linde, Jessica Archibald, Eve C. Lampert and John Z. Srbely

placed on the trunk, pelvis, right thigh, right shank, and right foot (Figure  1 ) with imaginary markers digitized at appropriate anatomical landmarks, including coracoid processes, xiphoid process, anterior superior iliac spines, posterior superior iliac spines, greater trochanters, right femoral

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Abbigail Ristow, Matthew Besch, Drew Rutherford and Thomas W. Kernozek

Wisconsin–La Crosse. Procedures Prior to any activity, 47 reflective markers were placed on each participant. 31 These markers were adhered to tight fitting clothing or onto the participant’s skin on their head, trunk, pelvis, and upper-extremities and lower-extremities. Marker placements included 4

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Yong Wook Kim, Na Young Kim, Won Hyuk Chang and Sang Chul Lee

(band) 2. Sidelying bridge with elastic suspension (frontal plane challenge) Raise the pelvis with forearm support lateral bridge position with movement of hip reciprocal flexion/extension, slightly knee flexion/extension while hanging lower extremities on elastic suspension unit with fastening clip on