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Kym Joanne Price, Brett Ashley Gordon, Kim Gray, Kerri Gergely, Stephen Richard Bird and Amanda Clare Benson

-reported data on physical function from individuals recovering from an acute cardiac event ( Jette & Downing, 1994 ; Pepin, Alexander, & Phillips, 2004 ). In addition, physical capacity appears to be associated with the type of treatment, as patients receiving cardiac surgery typically have lower exercise

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Jason J. Wilson, Mathias Skjødt, Ilona McMullan, Nicole E. Blackburn, Maria Giné-Garriga, Oriol Sansano-Nadal, Marta Roqué i Figuls, Jochen Klenk, Dhayana Dallmeier, Emma McIntosh, Manuela Deidda, Mark A. Tully, Paolo Caserotti and On behalf of the SITLESS Group

) and overall score in the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB; Guralnik et al., 1994 ). The percentage of participants with low physical function (SPPB ≤9), based on criteria by Guralnik, Ferrucci, Simonsick, Salive, and Wallace ( 1995 ), was calculated from the results of the SPPB. Accelerometry

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Kimberlee A. Gretebeck, Caroline S. Blaum, Tisha Moore, Roger Brown, Andrzej Galecki, Debra Strasburg, Shu Chen and Neil B. Alexander

participants in the T2DM support and education group. 8 In addition, at 8 years postrandomization, the intervention group reported better physical function and had faster 20- and 400-m walk speeds than the T2DM support and education group. 9 Many older adults with T2DM, including those at high risk for or

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Natasha Reid, Justin W. Keogh, Paul Swinton, Paul A. Gardiner and Timothy R. Henwood

the poor physical function of residents ( de Souto Barreto, 2015 ; Slaughter et al., 2015 ). The European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) defines sarcopenia as the presence of low muscle mass as well as poor muscle strength and/or physical performance ( Cruz-Jentoft et al., 2010

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Jaclyn P. Maher and David E. Conroy

assess physical function ( Haley et al., 2002 ). Participants rated the extent to which they had difficulty completing activities of daily living (e.g., walking several blocks, stepping up and down from a curb) on a 1 ( I would have so much difficulty I cannot do it ) to 5 ( I would have no difficulty

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Aurora de Fátima G.C. Mafra Cabral, Marcelo Medeiros Pinheiro, Charlles H.M. Castro, Marco Túlio De Mello, Sérgio Tufik and Vera Lúcia Szejnfeld

. Potential associations between the questionnaires and other instruments used to measure physical function in this population was also investigated. Methods Participants A total of 123 women aged 60 to 91 years from the medical outpatient clinics at Universidade Federal de São Paulo in the period from 2011

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Sharon Hetherington, Paul Swinton, Tim Henwood, Justin Keogh, Paul Gardiner, Anthony Tuckett, Kevin Rouse and Tracy Comans

intention of this service is to facilitate continued independence, in practice, little exercise therapy is provided in this program to promote the rehabilitation of physical function ( Commonwealth of Australia, 2017 ). For adults receiving in-home care services through the CHSP, progressive resistance plus

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James L. Farnsworth II, Todd Evans, Helen Binkley and Minsoo Kang

). The lack of items from the MARS is interesting, considering that physical activity is a component of physical function. 15 Each of the MARS items assesses general physical activity level of patients. While physical activity is a component of physical function, the lack of knee-specific information

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Sheng H. Kioh, Sumaiyah Mat, Shahrul B. Kamaruzzaman, Fatimah Ibrahim, Mas S. Mokhtar, Noran N. Hairi, Robert G. Cumming, Phyo K. Myint and Maw P. Tan

(women) ( Janssen, Baumgartner, Ross, Rosenberg, & Roubenoff, 2004 ; Janssen, Heymsfield, & Ross, 2002 ). Functional assessments Each participant’s physical function was evaluated with three established physical performance tests: Timed Up and Go (TUG), functional reach, and handgrip strength. The TUG

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David Geard, Peter R.J. Reaburn, Amanda L. Rebar and Rylee A. Dionigi

-trained individual masters athletes are perhaps the most physically active and fit subcohort within the older adult population ( Trappe et al., 2013 ). Accordingly, because of their remarkable physical functioning (i.e., as assessed by sports performance) and physiological capacities and characteristics, these types