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Katherine Elizabeth Black, Alistair David Black and Dane Frances Baker

.1080/17461391.2015.1042528 Bradley , W.J. , Cavanagh , B.P. , Douglas , W. , Donovan , T.F. , Morton , J.P. , & Close , G.L. ( 2015b ). Quantification of training load, energy intake, and physiological adaptations during a rugby preseason: A case study from an elite European rugby union squad . The Journal of Strength

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Avish P. Sharma, Philo U. Saunders, Laura A. Garvican-Lewis, Brad Clark, Marijke Welvaert, Christopher J. Gore and Kevin G. Thompson

volume (TV) or duration, 13 , 18 excluding most information regarding periodization and distribution of training intensity, which with the decay of physiological adaptations conferred by altitude training, 5 strongly influences the timing of a peak performance. Adequate quantification of training in

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Jacob D. Meyer, Mary S. Hayney, Christopher L. Coe, Cameron L. Ninos and Bruce P. Barrett

controls, suggesting that the decrease in IP-10 may reflect a specific physiological adaptation aside from weight or BMI changes that is associated with regular exercise (e.g., increased muscle mass). The CRP and IL-6 results corroborate and extend those of another randomized controlled study in generally

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Narelle Eather, Mark R. Beauchamp, Ryan E. Rhodes, Thierno M.O. Diallo, Jordan J. Smith, Mary E. Jung, Ronald C. Plotnikoff, Michael Noetel, Nigel Harris, Emily Graham and David R. Lubans

, 2013 ). HIIT is appealing because this type of training can be completed in a shorter period of time in comparison with traditional moderate-intensity training, while resulting in similar or superior physiological adaptations for varied populations ( Costigan, Eather, Plotnikoff, Taaffe, & Lubans, 2015

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Michael J. Ormsbee, Brandon D. Willingham, Tasha Marchant, Teresa L. Binkley, Bonny L. Specker and Matthew D. Vukovich

. doi:10.1007/s40279-014-0157-y 10.1007/s40279-014-0157-y Bell , G.J. , Petersen , S.R. , Wessel , J. , Bagnall , K. , & Quinney , H.A. ( 1991 ). Physiological adaptations to concurrent endurance training and low velocity resistance training . International Journal of Sports Medicine, 12

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Alon Eliakim, Bareket Falk, Neil Armstrong, Fátima Baptista, David G. Behm, Nitzan Dror, Avery D. Faigenbaum, Kathleen F. Janz, Jaak Jürimäe, Amanda L. McGowan, Dan Nemet, Paolo T. Pianosi, Matthew B. Pontifex, Shlomit Radom-Aizik, Thomas Rowland and Alex V. Rowlands

availability, irregular menses, and low bone density). Thus, Sommi et al ( 151 ) recommend “synergistic training adaptations” ( 52 ). This type of training method suggests that strength and conditioning programs should complement the physiological adaptations occurring throughout childhood and adolescence

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Alan J. McCubbin, Bethanie A. Allanson, Joanne N. Caldwell Odgers, Michelle M. Cort, Ricardo J.S. Costa, Gregory R. Cox, Siobhan T. Crawshay, Ben Desbrow, Eliza G. Freney, Stephanie K. Gaskell, David Hughes, Chris Irwin, Ollie Jay, Benita J. Lalor, Megan L.R. Ross, Gregory Shaw, Julien D. Périard and Louise M. Burke

). These two terms are often used interchangeably as they both induce physiological adaptations that can benefit athletic performance during prolonged events ( Périard et al., 2015 ). Initial adaptations, including plasma volume ( P v ) expansion, enhanced fluid balance, reduced heart rate, and decreased

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Helen M. Binkley and Lauren E. Rudd

.46516.2e 75. Barbosa TM , Sousa VF , Silva AJ , Reis VM , Marinho DA , Bragada JA . Effects of musical cadence in the acute physiologic adaptations to head-out aquatic exercises . J Strength Cond Res . 2010 ; 24 ( 1 ): 244 – 250 . PubMed ID: 19996781 doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181b296fd

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Jake Schuster, Dan Howells, Julien Robineau, Anthony Couderc, Alex Natera, Nick Lumley, Tim J. Gabbett and Nick Winkelman

separation of the various sprinting skills in the form of linear, multidirectional, unplanned, and planned agility, as well as accelerative and maximum-velocity actions, can be beneficial for optimization of both learning pedagogies and physiological adaptations. With such dynamics of decision making

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Dean Dudley, Nathan Weaver and John Cairney

increased to determine if a higher dose of HIIT would yield more significant physiological adaptations. A work to rest ratio of 4:1 was used in this study compared with the work to rest ratio of 1:1 used by Costigan, Eather, Plotnikoff, Taaffe, Pollock, et al. ( 2015 ). Although the changes observed in