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Logan A. Lucas, Benjamin S. England, Travis W. Mason, Christopher R. Lanning, Taylor M. Miller, Alexander M. Morgan and Thomas Gus Almonroeder

Sports participation has physical, social, and psychological benefits. 1 , 2 Unfortunately, lower-extremity musculoskeletal injuries are common, especially in sports that involve high-impact maneuvers such as landing and cutting (eg, soccer, basketball). 3 , 4 Although the severity of these

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David Geard, Peter R.J. Reaburn, Amanda L. Rebar and Rylee A. Dionigi

, and that sports participation may provide benefits above those derived from generalized physical activity. For example, in a cohort of elite male and female masters track and field athletes ( N  = 121; 53.4 years; 13.4 hr training/week for 7 out of 12 months), when sport was undertaken for reasons in

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Between Sports Participation in Early Life and Indicators of Obesity in Adulthood D.G.D. Christofaro, W.R. Tebar, T.D. Machado, B.T.C. Saraiva, L.D.Delfino, B.A.S. Aguilar, S.C.B. Silva and R.A. Fernades Department of Physical Education, São Paulo State University, Presidente Prudente, Brazil

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Stewart A. Vella

and maintain a control group free of sport participation), the applicability of tightly controlled research studies to real-world competitive youth sports participation (e.g., how to replicate the competitive element of youth sports in research studies), and the ability to account and control for high

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Siegfried Nagel, Karsten Elmose-Østerlund, Jenny Adler Zwahlen and Torsten Schlesinger

cultural distance and greater differences in general norms and values ( Esser 2004 ; Koopmans, 2016 ). Similar differences can be observed for sports participation and leisure-time activities (e.g.,  Gerber, Barker, & Pühse, 2012 ; Mutz & Hans, 2015 ; Spaaij, 2013 ). Thus, we assumed that members with a

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Igor H. Ito, Han C.G. Kemper, Ricardo R. Agostinete, Kyle R. Lynch, Diego G.D. Christofaro, Enio R. Ronque and Rômulo A. Fernandes

identified significant impact of prolonged practice of martial arts in the adult skeleton ( 2 , 3 , 4 , 14 ), but similar data in pediatric groups are scarce ( 16 , 18 , 40 ). Most of the data about the issue involving pediatric groups do not measure sports participation, but overall physical activity

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Sinéad O’Keeffe, Niamh Ní Chéilleachair and Siobhán O’Connor

inherent risk of musculoskeletal injury. 5 Musculoskeletal injuries are defined as injuries resulting from direct trauma or overuse that are sustained during sports participation. 6 Injuries are common in male adolescent Gaelic footballers. Recent research reported that one third of all players sustain

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Craig Parkes and Michael A. Hemphill

/moderate coaching • Teaching health and fitness to athletes is my primary career objective. • My interest in fitness has developed from my involvement in high-level sports participation. • I believe that athletes need to enhance their fitness to maximize their performance. “When I started to become more competitive

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Geraldine Naughton, David Greene, Daniel Courteix and Adam Baxter-Jones

value of weight-supported sports participation. “More is better” does not always apply, and the stage of maturation should be seen at least as a moderating, if not mediating, factor in the dose–response relationship. The American Academy of Pediatrics provides a timely reminder of ongoing concerns for

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Silvia A. González, Camilo A. Triana, Catalina Abaunza, Laura Aldana, Luis F. Arias-Gómez, Jhael Bermúdez, Diana Marina Camargo Lemos, Juan Camilo Cuya, Daniel D. Cohen, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Iván D. Escobar, Karen Lorena Fajardo, Johnattan García, Rocio Gámez, Julia Andrea Gómez, Yaneth Herazo Beltrán, Maria Jose Lizarazo, Oscar Lozano, Paola Andrea Martínez, Mercedes Mora, Diana C. Páez, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Maria Isabel Rodríguez, Nubia Ruiz, Gustavo Tovar, Julieth Pilar Uriza and Olga L. Sarmiento

local levels, with the national policies, and establishes specific strategies and goals regarding sports participation, recreational activities and school-based initiatives for the mid and long-term. Additionally, PA has been included for the first time in the National Dietary Guidelines, as an