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Neal R. Glaviano, Ashley N. Marshall, L. Colby Mangum, Joseph M. Hart, Jay Hertel, Shawn Russell and Susan Saliba

be 26% weaker during hip abduction strength testing and 24% to 36% weaker in hip external rotation strength testing when compared with healthy controls. 8 , 10 GMed is responsible for hip abduction and external rotation, and individuals with GMed weakness may be unable to eccentrically control these

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Lauren J. Lattimer, Joel L. Lanovaz, Jonathan P. Farthing, Stéphanie Madill, Soo Kim, Stephen Robinovitch and Cathy Arnold

. From the starting position, participants were told to lower themselves to 90° of elbow flexion while maintaining 30° of shoulder abduction (matching the strength testing protocol). If participants descended past 90° of elbow flexion, the safety harness would stop the forward movement of their body to

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Brendan T. O’Keeffe, Alan E. Donnelly and Ciaran MacDonncha

reliability of the isometric plank hold test among children aged 8–12 years has been found elsewhere ( 6 ); however, this study only reported ICC values, the limitations of which have previously been outlined. Test–retest reliability for the handgrip strength test and standing broad jump was very high in the

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Grant E. Norte, Jay N. Hertel, Susan A. Saliba, David R. Diduch and Joseph M. Hart

strength testing. Participants were prompted to start kicking, and the 30-second trial began once the participant had achieved their perceived maximal effort. Verbal encouragement and visual feedback were omitted to minimize the occurrence of transient aberrant increases in torque. Force data were

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Jasmin C. Hutchinson, Zachary Zenko, Sam Santich and Paul C. Dalton

, Medway, MA) and a hex bar with polyurethane-coated Olympic plates (Perform Better, West Warwick, RI) were used for strength testing. The 3-RM was determined by measuring the maximum mass that could be lifted for three repetitions on six different exercises: 45° leg press, hex bar deadlift, chest press

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Jorg Teichmann, Edin K. Suwarganda, C. Martyn Beaven, Kim Hébert-Losier, Jin Wei Lee, Florencio Tenllado Vallejo, Philip Chun Foong Lew, Ramlan Abdul Aziz, Yeo Wee Kian and Dietmar Schmidtbleicher

weight were automatically calculated by InnerBalance software (innervations, version 2013.01, Australia). Time-to-stability was defined as the difference between the landing time and the time at which stability within 5% of bodyweight was achieved. Maximal Leg Strength Test: The 1-repetition maximum (1

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Scott J. Dankel, Jeremy P. Loenneke and Paul D. Loprinzi

, Nakamura Y , Hiraoka J , et al . Physical-strength tests and mortality among visitors to health-promotion centers in Japan . J Clin Epidemiol . 1995 ; 48 ( 11 ): 1349 – 1359 . PubMed doi:10.1016/0895-4356(95)00533-1 10.1016/0895-4356(95)00533-1 7490598 14. Volaklis KA , Halle M , Meisinger

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João Pedro Nunes, Alex S. Ribeiro, Analiza M. Silva, Brad J. Schoenfeld, Leandro dos Santos, Paolo M. Cunha, Matheus A. Nascimento, Crisieli M. Tomeleri, Hellen C.G. Nabuco, Melissa Antunes, Letícia T. Cyrino and Edilson S. Cyrino

reliability of one repetition maximum strength testing in older women . Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27 ( 6 ), 1636 – 1642 . doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182717318 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182717318 Norman , K. , Stobäus , N. , Pirlich , M. , & Bosy-Westphal , A. ( 2012 ). Bioelectrical

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Erika Zemková and Michal Jeleň

in the study only if they subjectively did not report pain in the lumbar region during the maximal isometric strength test. Individuals who had previously undergone surgery or other medically invasive procedures for low back pain were excluded from participation in the study. All participants were

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Bruce M. Lima, Rafael S. Amancio, Diacre S. Gonçalves, Alexander J. Koch, Victor M. Curty and Marco Machado

– 60 . PubMed ID: 12436270 doi:10.1007/s00421-002-0681-6 10.1007/s00421-002-0681-6 12436270 6. NSCA . Basics of strength and conditioning manual . Natl Strength Cond Assoc . 2012 ; 207 ( 7 ): 104 . doi:10.1093/infdis/jis905 7. Kraemer W , Fry A . Strength testing: Development and evaluation