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Ali M. McManus, Nathan R. Sletten and Daniel J. Green

exercise has also been noted in adults ( 3 , 9 ), although in adolescents the increase in baseline diameter was similar following moderate- and high-intensity exercise ( 10 ). In both adults and adolescents, there is evidence of a biphasic, intensity-dependent response in flow-mediated dilation (FMD), with

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Pedro L. Valenzuela, Guillermo Sánchez-Martínez, Elaia Torrontegi, Zigor Montalvo, Alejandro Lucia and Pedro de la Villa

. 7 , 8 , 10 , 11 However, to our knowledge, no previous study has assessed its effects on sports performance. The aim of the present study was to analyze the effectiveness of EECP for the enhancement of short-term recovery after high-intensity exercise in trained athletes. To this end, we analyzed

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Peter Peeling, Martyn J. Binnie, Paul S.R. Goods, Marc Sim and Louise M. Burke

phosphorylation of creatine to phosphocreatine (PCr), a key substrate for high-intensity muscle force generation ( Greenhaff et al., 1993 ). Whereas PCr levels decrease during high-intensity exercise to rapidly resynthesize adenosine triphosphate (ATP) from adenosine diphosphate (ADP; Rawson & Persky, 2007

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Yongming Li, Margot Niessen, Xiaoping Chen and Ulrich Hartmann

method extensively used in calculating the energy contribution in high-intensity exercise. 1 , 9 , 16 However, the MAOD used in a number of studies was a modified method (m-MAOD, eg, shorter duration of each step and fewer steps in incremental test) instead of the norm method. This induced, at least

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Blai Ferrer-Uris, Albert Busquets and Rosa Angulo-Barroso

through acute exercise, especially when a moderate-intensity exercise bout is performed before the adaptation of information ( Roig, Nordbrandt, Geertsen, & Nielsen, 2013 ). Even so, memory consolidation seems to also be responsive to high-intensity exercise bouts ( Winter et al., 2007 ). In fact, it

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Edward A. Gray, Thomas A. Green, James A. Betts and Javier T. Gonzalez

Carbohydrate is the dominant energy source during moderate- to high-intensity exercise ( Romijn et al., 1993 ). Human carbohydrate stores are finite, with skeletal muscle and liver storing ∼500 g ( Jensen et al., 2011 ) and ∼100 g of glycogen ( Taylor et al., 1996 ), respectively. During moderate

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Kirsty Brock, Prokopios Antonellis, Matthew I. Black, Fred J. DiMenna, Anni Vanhatalo, Andrew M. Jones and Stephen J. Bailey

mean skeletal-muscle power output during a short-duration high-intensity endurance event, resulting in a faster race-completion time. 5 Completing high-intensity exercise prior to (priming exercise), or adopting a fast-start/all-out starting strategy during, high-intensity exercise has been shown to

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Jan Kodejška, Jiří Baláš and Nick Draper

; 12 ( 1 ): 2 – 9 . PubMed ID: 27294485 doi:10.1123/ijspp.2016-0095 27294485 10.1123/ijspp.2016-0095 7. White GE , Wells GD . Cold-water immersion and other forms of cryotherapy: physiological changes potentially affecting recovery from high-intensity exercise . Extrem Physiol Med . 2013 ; 2

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Christopher C. Webster, Jeroen Swart, Timothy D. Noakes and James A. Smith

explain the increased high-intensity performance. Previous studies in non-LCHF athletes have shown that a carbohydrate mouth rinse, without ingestion, can improve high-intensity exercise performance to a similar degree (∼3%). 8 These mechanisms appear to act primarily via direct afferent neuronal

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Tonkonogi * 1 2014 9 1 12 18 10.1123/ijspp.2012-0172 Changes in Technique and Efficiency After High-Intensity Exercise in Cross-Country Skiers Christina Åsan Grasaas * Gertjan Ettema * Ann Magdalen Hegge * Knut Skovereng * Øyvind Sandbakk * 1 2014 9 1 19 24 10.1123/ijspp.2013-0344 Physiological