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Marie Lund Ohlsson, Jonas Danvind and L. Joakim Holmberg

syndrome is reduced subacromial space, which compresses the tissue in that region and causes inflammation and pain. 9 In wheelchair athletes, this injury is often present together with muscular imbalance, that is, greater strength of the shoulder abductors than adductors and higher strength of the inward

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Shaun O’Leary, Carlijn Hoogma, Øystein Molland Solberg, Sara Sundberg, Ashley Pedler and Luke Van Wyk

that strength performance imbalances between the cervical extensor and flexor muscles may occur in some females with idiopathic neck pain. The findings of significant endurance deficits for the flexors (cervicothoracic and craniocervical) but not the extensors in the current study are also in contrast

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Amador García-Ramos, Alejandro Torrejón, Alejandro Pérez-Castilla, Antonio J. Morales-Artacho and Slobodan Jaric

balance exists between F 0 and V 0 capacities (ie, the F–V slope) that maximizes ballistic performance. 3 , 18 , 19 These results suggest that resistance-training programs should seek not only to increase P 0 but also to reduce the F–V imbalance by selectively altering F 0 and V 0 . 3 , 20 To

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Miguel A. Sanchez-Lastra, Kyle J. Miller, Rodolfo I. Martínez-Lemos, Antón Giráldez and Carlos Ayán

. 1 The fundamental cause is an imbalance in energy intake between calories consumed and calories expended. To prevent this imbalance, limiting calorie consumption and engaging in regular physical activity are key factors. Physical activity, in addition to the increase in energy expenditure

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Clementine Grandou, Lee Wallace, Aaron J. Coutts, Lee Bell and Franco M. Impellizzeri

forces may create the potential for acute joint or musculotendinous injury. 17 These results may suggest that an imbalance between training and recovery may result in acute musculoskeletal pain responses, such as swelling or micro trauma to tissues. However, these responses are likely to be transient

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Jolly Roy

evaluation, (c) fear of physical harm, (d) situation ambiguity, and (e) disruption of well-learned routine. It is these sources of stress that create an imbalance, resulting in a perceived inability to cope with the pressure of competition. In Nisha’s case, fear of negative social evaluation and situation

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Erin Kraft, Diane M. Culver and Cari Din

There is a considerable gender imbalance in leadership positions across several fields including healthcare, academia, and business ( Kalaitzi, Czabanowska, Fowler-Davis, & Brand, 2017 ). In sport specifically, we are seeing the number of women in leadership decreasing ( Demers, Thibault, Brière

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Steven Eustace, Richard Michael Page and Matt Greig

that eccKF and conKE peak at different knee joint angles. 7 These ratios therefore negate consideration of angle-matched torques, and also the consideration of ipsilateral imbalances in an extended position, where ACL injuries have previously been identified to most likely occur. 14 Previous studies

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Frederico Ribeiro Neto, Rodrigo Rodrigues Gomes Costa, Ricardo Tanhoffer, Martim Bottaro and Rodrigo Luiz Carregaro

not provided. 7 We found that the peak torque ratios of tetraplegic individuals were inverted for elbow extension/flexion and shoulder flexion/extension, indicative of an imbalance between agonist and antagonist muscles. It is possible to assume that the impaired triceps brachii muscle reduced the

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Robert T. Pearson, Timothy Baghurst and Mwarumba Mwavita

). The reasons for this are varied but can include feelings of isolation due to a lack of female peers, gender harassment, imbalanced coaching loads, and less perceived opportunity for advancement in a male-dominated field ( Gehring, 2002 ; Hindman & Walker, 2020 ; Reade, Rogers, & Norman, 2009