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Neil Armstrong

increasing aerobic fitness and decreasing adiposity may improve arterial health, particularly in boys, and may be important in reducing cardiovascular risk in adulthood. Peak Oxygen Uptake and High-Intensity Interval Training The practice of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) with adults was developed

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Lucas A. Pereira, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Saul Martín-Rodríguez, Ronaldo Kobal, César C.C. Abad, Ademir F.S. Arruda, Aristide Guerriero and Irineu Loturco

-intensity interval training sessions, respectively). 18 , 19 Nevertheless, to the authors’ knowledge, no study has attempted to simultaneously measure and quantify the acute responses in muscle mechanical properties and physical performance of professional team-sport athletes who performed a variety of training

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Alexandra F. DeJong and Jay Hertel

braking deceleration data were obtained during unique running scenarios, including track speed interval training, hill sprinting, stroller running, and 5- and 21-K racing events. The intent of this study was to provide proof of concept for the ability to collect larger amount of running biomechanics data

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Hyun Chul Jung, Myong Won Seo, Sukho Lee, Sung Woo Jung and Jong Kook Song

programs, such as high-intensity interval training, have been shown to improve anaerobic power in collegiate TKD athletes ( Monks et al., 2017 ). However, it is not well understood whether vitamin D supplementation provides synergetic benefits on physical performance in response to training. Although the

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Alexei Wong, Marcos A. Sanchez-Gonzalez, Won-Mok Son, Yi-Sub Kwak and Song-Young Park

.85457.f3 10.1161/01.ATV.0000216787.85457.f3 16627822 35. Racil G , Zouhal H , Elmontassar W , et al . Plyometric exercise combined with high-intensity interval training improves metabolic abnormalities in young obese females more so than interval training alone . Appl Physiol Nutr Metab . 2016

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Sabrina Skorski, Jan Schimpchen, Mark Pfeiffer, Alexander Ferrauti, Michael Kellmann and Tim Meyer

times were interpreted based on the coefficient of variation for swim performance. 18 All statistical analyses were conducted using Statistica software (version 6, 2002 ed; StatSoft Inc, Tulsa, OK). Results Training Load The HR after the 10 × 100-m interval training was significantly higher in SAU

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Rochelle R. Costa, Adriana C.K. Buttelli, Leandro Coconcelli, Laura F. Pereira, Alexandra F. Vieira, Alex de O. Fagundes, Juliano B. Farinha, Thais Reichert, Ricardo Stein and Luiz F.M. Kruel

(approximately 30 min), and cooling down (7 min). Interval training was adopted for the WA group, with intensities between 90% and 100% HR AT for what we called the “stimulus period” and between 80% and 90% HR AT for recovery. In the first 5 weeks, participants completed 4 minutes at 90% to 95% HR AT at the

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Martin Buchheit, Mathieu Lacome, Yannick Cholley and Ben Michael Simpson

): 743 – 762 . PubMed doi:10.1007/s40279-014-0162-1 10.1007/s40279-014-0162-1 24728927 3. Buchheit M , Laursen PB . High-intensity interval training, solutions to the programming puzzle. Part II: anaerobic energy, neuromuscular load and practical applications . Sports Med . 2013 ; 43 ( 10 ): 927

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John F. Fitzpatrick, Kirsty M. Hicks and Philip R. Hayes

-season, high-intensity interval training in soccer players . J Strength Cond Res . 2004 ; 18 ( 3 ): 584 – 589 . PubMed ID: 15320689 15320689 23. Lorenzen C , Williams MD , Turk PS , Meehan DL , Kolsky DJC . Relationship between velocity reached at VO 2max and time-trial performances in elite

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Mathieu Lacome, Ben Simpson, Nick Broad and Martin Buchheit

would be achieved through increases in HS running (larger number of players and more running space, or run-based interval training). Case Study Example To interpret clear individual changes in HR Δ , it is necessary to know the minimum difference that matters, that is, that which can be assessed with a