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Julien Tripette, Haruka Murakami, Hidemi Hara, Ryoko Kawakami, Yuko Gando, Harumi Ohno, Nobuyuki Miyatake and Motohiko Miyachi

manipulate exercise perception and increase PA in inactive people. However, Judice et al. ( 2013 ) did not observe any increase in PA in subjects supplemented with caffeine during a 5-day intervention study conducted under free-living conditions. These studies ( Judice et al., 2013 ; Schrader et al., 2013

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Haichun Sun and Tan Zhang

experiences, they tend to lose motivation in physical education ( Cothran & Ennis, 1999 ). Guided by social constructivist approaches, Ennis et al. conducted a series of curriculum intervention studies in physical education. In the following sections, we review some of the studies to illustrate the

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Rebecca M. Dagger, Ian G. Davies, Kelly A. Mackintosh, Genevieve L. Stone, Keith P. George, Stuart J. Fairclough and Lynne M. Boddy

-promoting curriculum-based interventions have been found to be successful in children, especially when utilizing a multidisciplinary approach that combines PA and diet and uses established behavior change and social support processes ( 21 , 42 ). Several intervention studies have aimed to increase PA, reduce sedentary

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T. Nicole Kirk and Justin A. Haegele

National Institutes of Health’s Quality Assessment Tool for Observational Cohort and Cross-Sectional Studies ( National Institutes of Health, 2014b ) and the National Institutes of Health’s Quality Assessment Tool for Controlled Intervention Studies ( National Institutes of Health, 2014a ). The National

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Patty Freedson

surveillance and intervention studies? Current device algorithms provide important information that are useful for tracking population-level activity levels and the efficacy of interventions. However, there are still a number of questions about how sedentary behavior should be defined and this is likely to

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Debra J. Rose

with and without disabilities. In the final section of the paper, Todd and Martin Ginis share three key lessons they have learned from the many intervention studies they and their colleagues have designed for increasing physical activity in low-active populations that should serve as a road map for

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means and focus to data availability, population, and tools available. Note that while an RCT can obviously also be performed when researchers have fancy tools, without tools it becomes very difficult to publish if the study design is not advanced (ie, favoring interventional study, and RCT if possible

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Patty Freedson

Sarah Kozey Keadle ( skeadle@calpoly.edu ), an emerging researcher in the Department of Kinesiology at California Polytechnic University, whose research focuses on wearable devices and their application in intervention studies. Interview With I-Min Lee, ScD, MPH What prompted you to pursue this work? I

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Joanne G. Mirtschin, Sara F. Forbes, Louise E. Cato, Ida A. Heikura, Nicki Strobel, Rebecca Hall and Louise M. Burke

the research team and (b) an enhanced sense of communal eating for the participants. Table 2 A 7-Day Menu for HCHO, PCHO, and LCHF Diets in Nutrition-Training Intervention Study ( Burke et al., 2017 ) Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday Pre and during AM training session  HCHO

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Bareket Falk

work or practice. It is also essential for researchers who conduct systematic reviews or meta-analysis. Several journals include some reporting checklist in the editorial policy (eg,  International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy [ 13 ]). However, systematic reviews of exercise intervention studies