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Francesco Campa, Alessandro Piras, Milena Raffi and Stefania Toselli

movement patterns were evaluated by a physician specifically trained using standard FMS Test Kits (Functional Movement Systems, Inc., Lynchburg, VA). The 7 movements examined in FMS are deep squat, hurdle step, in-line lunge, shoulder mobility (SM), active straight leg raise (ASLR), trunk stability push

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Wojciech Jedziniak, Piotr Lesiakowski and Teresa Zwierko

squared), saccade peak deceleration (in degrees per second squared), and saccade average velocity (in degrees per second). The ocular mobility index (%) was calculated using the formula 100 × (saccade duration/[fixation duration + saccade duration]), according to Poiroux et al. ( 2015 ). The Kolmogorov

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C. Michael Greenwood, David A. Dzewaltowski and Ron French

The importance of self-efficacy as a cognitive mediator of wheelchair mobile individuals’ psychological well-being was examined. Specifically assessed were competitive wheelchair tennis participants’ and wheelchair nontennis participants’ mood and self-efficacy toward performing tennis and general wheelchair mobility tasks. Wheelchair tennis participants exhibited an iceberg profile of positive well-being and were higher than the Profile of Mood States norm on vigor and lower than the norm on tension, anger, depression, fatigue, and confusion. Furthermore, wheelchair mobility self-efficacy significantly correlated with wheelchair tennis self-efficacy. More important, both self-efficacy measures correlated significantly with vigor for the wheelchair tennis participants and wheelchair mobility self-efficacy correlated significantly with each mood factor except depression for the wheelchair nontennis participants. It was concluded that wheelchair mobile individuals participating in tennis may be more confident about performing tennis skills and general wheelchair mobility tasks than are wheelchair mobile nonparticipants.

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Anne Sofie B. Malling, Bo M. Morberg, Lene Wermuth, Ole Gredal, Per Bech and Bente R. Jensen

-39 (PDQ39) is a well-established health-related QoL questionnaire ( Peto, Jenkinson, Fitzpatrick, & Greenhall, 1995 ). It consists of eight dimensions that assess mobility (PDQ39-Mob), activities of daily living (PDQ39-ADL), emotional well-being, stigma, social support, cognitions, communication, and

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Julien Le Gal, Mickael Begon, Benoit Gillet and Isabelle Rogowski

dominant glenohumeral joint. Stretching exercises are commonly recommended to restore glenohumeral mobility. 10 A recent meta-analysis, however, highlights that there is little to moderate evidence on the effectiveness of the cross-body stretch and sleeper stretch exercises, performed alone or in

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Scott W. Cheatham

.80 (40) Years in practice, y (N)  Average years in professional practice 12 (685) 5 (155) 11 (202) Immediate and lasting changes (>2 wk) with treatment, a % (N)  Increased joint ROM 40.14 (275) 61.11 (95) 76.24 (154)  Increased mobility 68.17 (467) 89

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Barry S. Mason, Viola C. Altmann and Victoria L. Goosey-Tolfrey

directly within the current study. Moreover, maneuverability is also a key indicator of mobility performance in WR, 20 yet it is difficult to quantify objectively, especially in a competition environment. Interestingly, trunk impairment contributed to the explained variance observed in a number of

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Nathan F. Meier, Yang Bai, Chong Wang and Duck-chul Lee

) after midlife are associated with mobility issues ( Manini et al., 2007 ), decreased quality of life, higher risk of falls ( Fukagawa, Wolfson, Judge, Whipple, & King, 1995 ), loss of independence ( Abellan Van Kan, 2009 ), and higher morbidity and mortality ( Aagaard, Suetta, Caserotti, Magnusson

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Scott W. Cheatham and Russell Baker

to effectively assess treatment effectiveness and recommend safe application protocols. The stretch force values reported in this investigation provide an initial step toward confirming the optimal band stretch force needed to achieve desired effects, such as increasing myofascial mobility, joint ROM

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Landon Lempke, Rebecca Wilkinson, Caitlin Murray and Justin Stanek

then, the knee extended until mild discomfort was felt for both interventions. Subjects had baseline hamstring mobility assessed. Participants were randomly assigned following baseline assessment to either 5 min of PNF or SS. Two additional variables were assessed by either 5 min following stretching