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Yong Wook Kim, Na Young Kim, Won Hyuk Chang and Sang Chul Lee

(band) 2. Sidelying bridge with elastic suspension (frontal plane challenge) Raise the pelvis with forearm support lateral bridge position with movement of hip reciprocal flexion/extension, slightly knee flexion/extension while hanging lower extremities on elastic suspension unit with fastening clip on

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Gakuto Kitamura, Hiroshige Tateuchi and Noriaki Ichihashi

that the tightness of the hip-flexor muscle can reduce hip extension that create a lumbar hyperextension and pelvic anterior tilt in various movements in water. 6 Pelvic anterior tilting can make the pelvis at a lower position than normal in water. 6 A study examined the swimmers experiencing LBP and

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Jerraco L. Johnson, Mary E. Rudisill, Peter A. Hastie and Julia Sassi

trunk action occurs, it accompanies the forward thrust of the arm by flexing forward at the hips. Preparatory extension sometimes precedes forward hip flexion. Step 2 Upper trunk rotation or total trunk (“block”) rotation. The spine and pelvis rotate away from the intended line of flight and then

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James P. Fletcher, James David Taylor, Chris A. Carroll and M. Blake Richardson

account only the joint motion superior to the sacrum, whereas the T12 inclinometer allows the measurement process to take into account only the joint motion inferior to T12. Thus, the measurement excludes both the thoracic and the pelvis/hip range of motion from the total forward bending motion, resulting

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John H. Hollman, Tyler A. Berling, Ellen O. Crum, Kelsie M. Miller, Brent T. Simmons and James W. Youdas

distal calf and secured to the plinth. An additional strap was secured around the pelvis to stabilize the back and pelvis and minimize utilization of extraneous muscles during MVIC testing. Participants flexed their knee isometrically against resistance at approximately 20° of knee flexion. Three 7

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Roel De Ridder, Tine Willems, Jos Vanrenterghem, Ruth Verrelst, Cedric De Blaiser and Philip Roosen

landing, they had to place their hands immediately on their pelvis and maintain balance for at least 5 seconds. For the actual testing procedure, 5 successful trials were registered for each of the 2 jump tasks. Trials were discarded if participants did not “stick” the landing, removed their hands from

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Yumeng Li, He Wang and Kathy J. Simpson

the trunk, pelvis, and lower extremity of the participants. Locations of the markers were collected by a 7-camera motion capture system (Vicon Motion System Ltd, Oxford, United Kingdom) at 120 Hz. The ground reaction forces (GRFs) were measured by 2 force plates (Bertec Corporation, Columbus, OH) at

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Chad Van Ramshorst and Woochol Joseph Choi

back, pelvis, knee, ankle, and foot, 4 – 6 , 14 – 18 and the pathology specific to the knee may include stress fractures, patellofemoral syndrome, muscle strains, and ligament sprains. 5 , 15 – 17 Although no research data are available to provide further understanding of the cause of these injuries

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Whitney Williams and Noelle M. Selkow

so when imbalances occur, alterations in mechanical alignment and load affect the kinetic chain. For example, muscle tightness of the hamstrings pulls the ipsilateral innominate bone of the pelvis posteriorly, shortening the abdominal muscles. In return, the erector spinae and hip flexors become

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Shelby A. Peel, Lauren E. Schroeder, Zachary A. Sievert and Joshua T. Weinhandl

plates with 4 retroreflective marker clusters were attached to the torso and pelvis, as well as bilateral thighs, shanks, and heels of the shoes for segment tracking during motion trials. Once markers were attached in the proper locations, a 3-second standing calibration trial was collected. Calibration