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Erik A. Wikstrom, Sajad Bagherian, Nicole B. Cordero and Kyeongtak Song

was searched for studies of level 2 evidence or higher, which investigated the effect of anterior-to-posterior ankle joint mobilization on patient-reported outcomes in patients with CAI. • Three studies were included: 2 randomized controlled trials 6 , 8 and 1 prospective cohort study. 7 Two studies

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Bente M. Raafs, Esther G.A. Karssemeijer, Lizzy Van der Horst, Justine A. Aaronson, Marcel G.M. Olde Rikkert and Roy P.C. Kessels

before the physical exercise intervention and directly after the physical exercise intervention. Only randomized controlled trials that included physical exercise training were included. When studies involved additional physical exercise interventions, only the most intensive or the most prolonged

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Connor Burk, Jesse Perry, Sam Lis, Steve Dischiavi and Chris Bleakley

with reasons. Figure 1 QUORUM flow chart for search strategy and inclusion criteria. ROM indicates range of motion; RCT, randomized controlled trials. The PEDro criteria and final scores assigned to each study are presented in Table  1 . All studies provided adequate information on the eligibility

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Caitlin Brinkman, Shelby E. Baez, Francesca Genoese and Johanna M. Hoch

inclusion criteria for this CAT. Two randomized controlled trials 7 , 8 met the inclusion criteria for this CAT and were critically appraised. Table  1 contains study characteristics for both studies included. • The 2 studies selected assessed changes in self-efficacy before and after a goal

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Mary Lynn Manduca and Stephen J. Straub

in the treatment of hamstring injury compared to rehabilitation alone. • Three randomized controlled trials were included. • All studies involved a comparison of PRP injections and rehabilitation to rehabilitation with no active injection. One study used a placebo saline injection in the comparison

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Bridget M. Walsh, Katherine A. Bain, Phillip A. Gribble and Matthew C. Hoch

methodological quality of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and other study designs used to compare rehabilitation interventions. All included articles were critically appraised independently by 2 reviewers (B.M.W. and K.A.B.). After independent review, the 2 authors reviewed the completed appraisals and

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Lindsey Brett, Victoria Traynor, Paul Stapley and Shahla Meedya

, 2006 ). The results presented in this paper were generated from the analysis of the qualitative component of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) which considered the impact and feasibility of physical exercise on agitation and physical performance of individuals living with dementia in nursing homes

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Ryan D. Henke, Savana M. Kettner, Stephanie M. Jensen, Augustus C.K. Greife and Christopher J. Durall

searched for studies on the effects of early (within 4 wk) subsymptom exacerbation LIAEX after medically diagnosed SRC in adolescents. • The search yielded 3 articles 2 , 7 , 8 that fit inclusion/exclusion criteria. One level 1b randomized controlled trial (RCT), 2 and 1 level 2b nonrandomized trial (NRT

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Brigid M. Lynch, Suzanne C. Dixon-Suen, Andrea Ramirez Varela, Yi Yang, Dallas R. English, Ding Ding, Paul A. Gardiner and Terry Boyle

Observational studies have consistently demonstrated that physical activity is inversely associated with chronic disease and premature mortality. The causal nature of these associations is not always clear, and evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs), widely held as the “gold standard

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Stefano Palermi, Anna M. Sacco, Immacolata Belviso, Nastasia Marino, Francesco Gambardella, Carlo Loiacono and Felice Sirico

from pre–post assessment and compared with control group. Note. DM = diabetes mellitus; M = male; F = female; RCT = randomized controlled trial. The duration from the diagnosis of diabetes ranged from 8.5 ( Orr et al., 2006 ; Tsang et al., 2007 ) to 13 ( Ahn & Song, 2012 ) years. Only Ahn and Song