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Kimberlee Bethany Bonura and Gershon Tenenbaum

Background:

The objective of this study was to assess the effect of a yoga intervention on psychological health in older adults.

Method:

A randomized controlled trial study, conducted at 2 North Florida facilities for older adults. Subjects were 98 older adults, ages 65 to 92. Participants were randomly assigned to chair yoga, chair exercise, and control groups and assessed preintervention, postintervention, and 1-month follow-up on the State Anger Expression Inventory, State Anxiety Inventory, Geriatric Depression Scale, Lawton’s PGC Morale Scale, General Self-Efficacy Scale, Chronic Disease Self-Efficacy Scales, and Self- Control Schedule.

Results:

Yoga participants improved more than both exercise and control participants in anger (Cohen’s d = 0.89 for yoga versus exercise, and 0.90 for yoga versus control, pretest to posttest; and d = 0.90 and 0.72, pretest to follow-up), anxiety (d = 0.27, 0.39 and 0.62, 0.63), depression (d = 0.47, 0.49 and 0.53, 0.51), well-being (d = 0.14, 0.49 and 0.25, 0.61), general self-efficacy (d = 0.63, 1.10 and 0.30, 0.85), and self-efficacy for daily living (d = 0.52, 0.81 and 0.27, 0.42). Changes in self-control moderated changes in psychological health.

Conclusions:

Over a 6-week period, our findings indicate yoga’s potential for improving psychological health in older adults.

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.1123/jpah.2016-0388 Improvements in Health-Related Quality of Life, Cardio-Metabolic Health, and Fitness in Postmenopausal Women After an Exercise Plus Health Promotion Intervention: A Randomized Controlled Trial Mercedes Vélez-Toral * Débora Godoy-Izquierdo * Nicolás Mendoza Ladrón de Guevara

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Cooke * Tim Woodman * 41 2 82 95 10.1123/jsep.2018-0268 jsep.2018-0268 Differential Reduction of IP-10 and C-Reactive Protein via Aerobic Exercise or Mindfulness-Based Stress-Reduction Training in a Large Randomized Controlled Trial Jacob D. Meyer * Mary S. Hayney * Christopher L. Coe * Cameron

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Activity for Adults: Competence and Appropriateness Bonnie Behlendorf * Priscilla G. MacRae * Carolyn Vos Strache * 10 1999 7 4 354 373 10.1123/japa.7.4.354 Aerobic Exercise Training and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Older Adults: A Randomized Control Trial Richard A. Boileau * Edward McAuley

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* Pak-Kwong Chung * 1 02 2020 28 1 24 33 10.1123/japa.2018-0144 japa.2018-0144 Fall-Prevention Exercises With or Without Behavior Change Support for Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A 2-Year Follow-Up of a Randomized Controlled Trial Marina Arkkukangas * Susanna Tuvemo Johnson * Karin Hellström

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Program: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial Alyce T. Barnes * Ronald C. Plotnikoff * Clare E. Collins * Philip J. Morgan * 10 2015 12 12 10 10 1378 1378 1393 1393 10.1123/jpah.2014-0331 Objective Versus Self-Reported Physical Activity in Overweight and Obese Young Adults John M. Jakicic * Wendy

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* Michael A. Trousdale * 1 2012 20 1 80 92 10.1123/japa.20.1.80 Improvements in Functional Capacity From Nordic Walking: A Randomized Controlled Trial Among Older Adults Terttu Parkatti * Jarmo Perttunen * Phyllis Wacker * 1 2012 20 1 93 105 10.1123/japa.20.1.93 Normative Fitness Performance Scores

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Original Research Functional Fitness and Physical Activity of Portuguese Community-Residing Older Adults Élvio R. Gouveia * José A. Maia * Gaston P. Beunen * Cameron J. Blimkie * Ercília M. Fena * Duarte L. Freitas * 1 2013 21 1 1 19 10.1123/japa.21.1.1 Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial

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Lilian F. Wallerstein * Renato Barroso * Valmor Tricoli * Marco T. Mello * Carlos Ugrinowitsch * 10 2010 18 4 390 400 10.1123/japa.18.4.390 The Effect of Functional Circuit Training on Physical Frailty in Frail Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial Maria Giné-Garriga * Míriam Guerra

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Jennifer L. Etnier

Alzheimer's disease is a chronic illness characterized by clinical cognitive impairment. A behavioral strategy that is being explored in the prevention of Alzheimer's disease is physical activity. Evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) testing the effects of physical activity for cognitively normal older adults supports that physical activity benefits cognitive performance. Evidence from prospective studies supports a protective effect of physical activity with reductions in the risk of cognitive decline ranging from 28% to 45%. RCTs with cognitively impaired older adults also generally support positive effects with greater benefits evident for aerobic interventions. Research examining the potential moderating role of apolipoprotein E (APOE) has yielded mixed results, but the majority of the studies support that physical activity most benefits those who are at greatest genetic risk of Alzheimer's disease. Future directions for research are considered with an emphasis on the need for additional funding to support this promising area of research.