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Eduardo L. Caputo, Paulo H. Ferreira, Manuela L. Ferreira, Andréa D. Bertoldi, Marlos R. Domingues, Debra Shirley and Marcelo C. Silva

were randomly enrolled in an intervention group of a randomized controlled trial nested in the cohort study were excluded from analysis. This trial studies the effects of an exercise program during pregnancy on mother and child health outcomes. 18 Descriptive data were presented as total frequencies

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Johannes Raabe, Katrin Schmidt, Johannes Carl and Oliver Höner

.e., country the intervention was conducted), setting (i.e., PE or youth sport), study design (i.e., cluster randomized controlled trials or controlled trials), sample characteristics (i.e., number and age of participants, experience of social agents), intervention characteristics (i.e., content, duration, and

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Emma E. Sypes, Genevieve Newton and Zakkoyya H. Lewis

weight loss in interventions. As published to date, numerous randomized controlled trials have addressed this question by incorporating EAMSs into their intervention design. However, the characteristics of these interventions vary widely, with differences observed in the type of technology, target

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Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Lori Dithurbide, Alison Ede, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin and Kathleen Wilson

changes in outcomes. The study was a 12-week pilot randomized control trial comparing supervised community-based exercise ( n  = 36) with a wait-list control ( n  = 18) in veterans (aged ≥60 years) meeting the diagnostic criteria for PTSD. The exercise was multimodal (e.g., aerobic, strength, flexibility

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Stephanie G. Kerrigan, Evan M. Forman, Mitesh Patel, Dave Williams, Fengqing Zhang, Ross D. Crosby and Meghan L. Butryn

and financial incentives: a 2 × 2 factorial randomized controlled trial to increase adults’ physical activity . BMC Public Health . 2017 ; 17 : 286 . PubMed ID: 28356097 doi:10.1186/s12889-017-4197-8 10.1186/s12889-017-4197-8 28356097 15. Adams MA , Sallis JF , Norman GJ , Hovell MF

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Marina Arkkukangas, Anne Söderlund, Staffan Eriksson and Ann-Christin Johansson

suitable alternative for older adults who are beginning to develop disabilities ( Hellström et al., 2013 ). In a recently conducted randomized controlled trial, the short-term effects from having participated in a fall-prevention home-based exercise program were evaluated ( Arkkukangas, Soderlund, Eriksson

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Lauren T. Ptomey, Eric D. Vidoni, Esteban Montenegro-Montenegro, Michael A. Thompson, Joseph R. Sherman, Anna M. Gorczyca, Jerry L. Greene, Richard A. Washburn and Joseph E. Donnelly

reports 4.4, , 403 -407. 10.3892/br.2016.607 Connell , C.M. , & Janevic , M.R. ( 2009 ). Effects of a telephone-based exercise intervention for dementia caregiving wives: A randomized controlled trial . Journal of Applied Gerontology, 28 ( 2 ), 171 – 194 . PubMed ID: 21709757 doi:10

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Sarah Edney, Tim Olds, Jillian Ryan, Ronald Plotnikoff, Corneel Vandelanotte, Rachel Curtis and Carol Maher

to their own teammates than to nonteammates. Methods The current study uses baseline data from participants joining a randomized controlled trial evaluating the efficacy of Active Team, a gamified PA intervention that connects teams of friends to one another via their Facebook account. Full details

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Roger J. Paxton, Jeri E. Forster, Matthew J. Miller, Kristine L. Gerron, Jennifer E. Stevens-Lapsley and Cory L. Christiansen

group as a randomized controlled trial. This evaluation will help in the design of future trials aimed to address the problem of low physical activity after TKA. Based on our findings, we believe that implementation of such an intervention in a future trial is feasible, based on retention rate

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Enzo Iuliano, Giovanni Fiorilli, Giovanna Aquino, Alfonso Di Costanzo, Giuseppe Calcagno and Alessandra di Cagno

factors, environmental and cultural contexts, health status, etc.; Elias, Robbins, & Elias, 1996 ). Furthermore, the lack of high-quality studies does not help to understand the effects of exercise on cognition; for example, the number of randomized controlled trials, involving both healthy and demented