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Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, Sebastian Miranda-Marquez, Kabir P. Sadarangani, Pia Martino-Fuentealba, Carlos Cristi-Montero, Jaime Carcamo-Oyarzun, Pedro Delgado-Floody, Damian Chandia-Poblete, Camila Mella-Garcia, Fernando Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Astrid Von Oetinger, Teresa Balboa-Castillo, Sebastian Peña, Cristobal Cuadrado, Paula Bedregal, Carlos Celis-Morales, Antonio García-Hermoso and Andrea Cortinez-O’Ryan

of active commuting to school and academic achievement in rural Chilean adolescents . Environ Health Prev Med . 2017 ; 22 ( 1 ): 31 . 29165126 10.1186/s12199-017-0628-5 9. Rodriguez-Rodriguez F , Cristi-Montero C , Celis-Morales C , Escobar-Gomez D , Chillon P . Impact of distance on

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Shirley M. Bluethmann, Wayne Foo, Renate M. Winkels, Scherezade K. Mama and Kathryn H. Schmitz

the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for the weight questions ( Wright et al., 2007 ). Of the 28 counties surveyed, 18 are categorized as urban/metropolitan and 10 as rural/nonmetropolitan using 2013 Rural/Urban Continuum Codes. To ensure sufficient representation of racial

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Susana Andrade, Angélica Ochoa-Avilés, Wilma Freire, Natalia Romero-Sandoval, Daniel Orellana, Teodoro Contreras, José Luis Pillco, Jessica Sacta, Diana Andrade Muñoz, Patricia Ramírez, Miguel Martin and Silvana Donoso

-perception of body image and factors related with it . OJEpi . 2014 ; 4 ( 3 ): 122 – 128 . doi:10.4236/ojepi.2014.43017 10.4236/ojepi.2014.43017 8. Andrade S , Ochoa-Avilés A , Lachat C , et al . Physical fitness among urban and rural Ecuadorian adolescents and its association with blood lipids: a

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Evelin Mäestu, Merike Kull, Kerli Mooses, Jarek Mäestu, Maret Pihu, Andre Koka, Lennart Raudsepp and Jaak Jürimäe

different age groups, thus representative studies for different age groups and in different areas (e.g., rural areas and small towns are less investigated) are needed for all indicators. Conclusion The results of the present Report Card showed that there is some improvement in PA, but the proportion of

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Ricky Camplain, Julie A. Baldwin, Meghan Warren, Carolyn Camplain, Monica R. Lininger and Robert T. Trotter

intervention. Between October 2017 and April 2018, we interviewed 199 individuals ≥18 years of age who were housed at a rural county jail to assess their general health status and their physical activity participation during recreation time. 4 Briefly, participants were asked about their frequency of

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Nicolas Hobson, Sherry L. Dupuis, Lora M. Giangregorio and Laura E. Middleton

rural setting, the persons they lived with, and the type of residence (private home/apartment, seniors’ residence, or other). The participants also reported their current health conditions, falls in the last 2 months, and use of mobility aids. Finally, the participants reported their exercise habits and

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Chia-Yuan Yu, Ayoung Woo, Christopher Hawkins and Sara Iman

aspect. Last, this study did not differentiate urban and rural counties. Rural areas featuring limited active living environments may result in a high obesity rate compared with urban areas. 32 Conclusions This research has extended the existing framework by measuring residential segregation in a variety

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Julie D. Guldager, Anja Leppin, Jesper von Seelen and Pernille T. Andersen

encompassed a quantitative approach, and the different types of data were collected from the same school classes, schools were selected by cluster randomized sampling, stratifying for region/urban–rural areas and educational background of parents. As presented in Table  1 , the majority of participating

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Katrina L. Piercy, Frances Bevington, Alison Vaux-Bjerke, Sandra Williams Hilfiker, Sean Arayasirikul and Elizabeth Y. Barnett

) infrequent physical activity and (2) the intention to increase physical activity in the next 6 months. Participant quotas were established for area (urban/suburban/rural), sex, race/ethnicity, education, income, and disability to ensure that results reflected a demographically diverse sample. Eligible

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Silvia A. González, Camilo A. Triana, Catalina Abaunza, Laura Aldana, Luis F. Arias-Gómez, Jhael Bermúdez, Diana Marina Camargo Lemos, Juan Camilo Cuya, Daniel D. Cohen, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Iván D. Escobar, Karen Lorena Fajardo, Johnattan García, Rocio Gámez, Julia Andrea Gómez, Yaneth Herazo Beltrán, Maria Jose Lizarazo, Oscar Lozano, Paola Andrea Martínez, Mercedes Mora, Diana C. Páez, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Maria Isabel Rodríguez, Nubia Ruiz, Gustavo Tovar, Julieth Pilar Uriza and Olga L. Sarmiento

level. 12 The Ministry of Health has also implemented actions to promote PA at the individual and community levels, with a special focus on rural areas. Despite the increase in policies, only 0.23% of the National Budget is earmarked for the Sports Sector in 2018. However, the specific budget for PA