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Christian A. Clermont, Sean T. Osis, Angkoon Phinyomark and Reed Ferber

be primarily related to the sagittal plane motion at the pelvis, knee, and foot. Methods Participants Kinematic data during treadmill running were queried from an existing database 18 and 35 recreational ( n  = 15) and competitive ( n  = 20) long-distance runners were included in this study

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Matheus Hausen, Pedro Paulo Soares, Marcus Paulo Araujo, Débora Esteves, Hilbert Julio, Roberto Tauil, Marcus Junca, Flávia Porto, Emerson Franchini, Craig Alan Bridge and Jonas Gurgel

provided negative responses to each of the Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire questions. 12 Experimental Approach The experiment required the participants to attend the laboratory on 3 separate occasions with 2 to 7 days separating each visit: (1) a treadmill running CPET, and anthropometric and

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Christopher Napier, Christopher L. MacLean, Jessica Maurer, Jack E. Taunton and Michael A. Hunt

. Data Collection Demographics and a detailed training and injury history were collected for each participant prior to undergoing a biomechanical running analysis on an instrumented force treadmill (Treadmetrix LLC, Park City, UT). Sixty one reflective markers were affixed to each participant prior to

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Ítalo Ribeiro Lemes, Xuemei Sui, Stacy L. Fritz, Paul F. Beattie, Carl J. Lavie, Bruna Camilo Turi-Lynch and Steven N. Blair

85% of age-predicted maximal heart rate (200 – age) during the treadmill test (n = 65); those who reported a history of heart attack (n = 169), stroke (n = 67), cancer (n = 93), or abnormal electrocardiogram (n = 139); and who were underweight condition (body mass index [BMI] <18.5, n = 116

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Joseph M. Stock, Ryan T. Pohlig, Matthew J. Botieri, David G. Edwards and Gregory M. Dominick

electrode sensors prior to being worn. Both wrist devices were worn according to manufacturer instructions ( Fitbit, 2017b ; Polar Electro Oy, 2013 ). The measurement protocol included the following phases, performed in sequential order: seated rest (5 minutes) and treadmill exercise that consisted of a

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Oren Tirosh, Guy Orland, Alon Eliakim, Dan Nemet and Nili Steinberg

stability. 5 , 6 Minimal research explored shock attenuation at the head in children during running. 7 Mercer et al 7 measured shock attenuation using accelerometers attached to the child’s distal tibia and the forehead. Eleven boys and 7 girls were asked to run on a treadmill at comfortable selected

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Ben Langley, Mary Cramp and Stewart C. Morrison

-minute familiarization period on a Jaeger LE 300 C treadmill (Erich Jaeger GmbH & Co, Würzburg, Germany), to minimize kinematic differences between overground and treadmill conditions. 27 , 28 After the familiarization period, anatomical and tracking markers were attached in-line with a 4-segment lower

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Jaqueline P. Batista, Igor M. Mariano, Tállita C.F. Souza, Juliene G. Costa, Jéssica S. Giolo, Nádia C. Cheik, Foued S. Espindola, Sarah Everman and Guilherme M. Puga

of resistance exercises, aerobic exercise on a treadmill, mat Pilates, and a control session. The study design is shown in Figure  1 . Figure 1 —Study design. Participants A total of 16 women (55.3 ± 6.9 years, 67.2 ± 9.1 kg, and 27.7 ± 3.4 kg/m 2 ) were included in this study. The women were all

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Josu Gomez-Ezeiza, Jordan Santos-Concejero, Jon Torres-Unda, Brian Hanley and Nicholas Tam

entire gait cycle was visible from there on (ground contact-ground contact of the right foot). Motion capture and ground reaction force data were used only for gait event detection in this study. Subsequently, race walking economy was determined by performing an incremental treadmill test (3p pulsar; h

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Morgan N. Clennin and Russell R. Pate

, data collection, and measurement are available in the NNYFS manual. 25 Cardiorespiratory Fitness Cardiorespiratory fitness was measured using a standard submaximal treadmill test. Trained staff determined the treadmill test protocol using a participant’s age, sex, body mass index, and self