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Pooja S. Tandon, Tyler Sasser, Erin S. Gonzalez, Kathryn B. Whitlock, Dimitri A. Christakis and Mark A. Stein

behaviors for health. 8 Thus, there is accumulating support for the importance of all components of the movement continuum (sleep, sedentary time, and physical activity [PA]) for obesity, general health, and neurocognitive development. 9 – 11 Physical activity is a modifiable health behavior and associated

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Anass Arrogi, Astrid Schotte, An Bogaerts, Filip Boen and Jan Seghers

, organizational, and environmental). 1 There is accumulating evidence supporting the effectiveness of workplace physical activity (PA) interventions. 1 – 4 At the intrapersonal level, worksite individualized counseling has been found to be efficacious. 5 More specifically, individualized PA counseling

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T. Nicole Kirk and Justin A. Haegele

The health-related benefits of physical activity have been well-documented. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( 2014 ) has recognized the role of regular physical activity participation in the prevention of lifestyle-related conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, stroke, and

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Viviene A. Temple, Dawn L. Lefebvre, Stephanie C. Field, Jeff R. Crane, Beverly Smith and Patti-Jean Naylor

-being of children ( Cushon, Vu, Janzen, & Muhajarine, 2011 ), children’s physical activity levels ( Simen-Kapeu & Veugelers, 2010 ; Singh, Kogan, Siahpush, & van Dyck, 2008 ), and school readiness ( Santos, Brownell, & Ekuma, 2012 ). Disadvantage in childhood is also associated with the manifestation of

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Morgan N. Clennin and Russell R. Pate

Much is known about the individual-level characteristics (eg, genetics, age, and sex) and behaviors (eg, physical activity) that influence cardiorespiratory fitness in youth. 3 , 9 However, little is known about factors at the community level or neighborhood level that may influence youth fitness

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Carol M. Vos, Denise M. Saint Arnault, Laura M. Struble, Nancy A. Gallagher and Janet L. Larson

Assisted living (AL) residents engage in very low levels of physical activity (PA) ( Krol-Zielinska, Kusy, Zielinski, & Osinski, 2010 ), and this is a problem. Most activities revolve around participation in self-care, such as bathing and dressing ( Resnick, Galik, Gruber-Baldini, & Zimmerman, 2011

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Philip von Rosen and Maria Hagströmer

Across a 24-hour day, time is disproportionately spent in different movement behaviors, such as sleep, sedentary, or active behaviors, influencing important health outcomes such as self-rated health. 1 – 3 The ability to perform daily activities without limitations, such as time spent in

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Aysha M. Thomas, Kayleigh M. Beaudry, Kimbereley L. Gammage, Panagiota Klentrou and Andrea R. Josse

There is a large body of evidence supporting the essential role of regular physical activity (PA) and exercise for the maintenance of good health and well-being. 1 Although most university students are aware of the benefits of PA and structured exercise, previous literature demonstrates that the

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Samuele Contemori and Andrea Biscarini

Normal shoulder girdle functioning depends on the synchronous pattern of motion, commonly known as the scapulohumeral rhythm, between the glenohumeral (GH) and scapulothoracic (ST) joints. 1 This rhythm results from the coordinated activity of GH muscles (deltoid, supraspinatus, infraspinatus

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Anna E. Mathews, Natalie Colabianchi, Brent Hutto, Delores M. Pluto and Steve P. Hooker


The objectives of this study were to assess (1) pedestrian activity levels among adults, (2) where and why adults engage in pedestrian activity, and (3) what adults consider when deciding where to engage in pedestrian activity.


Pedestrian activity was assessed in 12,036 California adults, ≥18 years, using a random digit-dial telephone survey.


Significant differences were identified by race, sex, age, and physical activity level in the type, location, and purpose of pedestrian activities. Men engage in pedestrian activity at work, and women engage in pedestrian activity while escorting children to school and running errands. Whites primarily engage in leisure-time pedestrian activity, and non-whites are more likely to engage in pedestrian activity for transportation. Older adults were less active than their younger counterparts.


These findings should be considered by public health agencies and their partners as they continue to increase and promote opportunities for pedestrian activity. Additional research is needed to assess older adults’ physical activity patterns and preferences, barriers, and facilitators to effectively tailor physical activity promotion efforts to this at-risk group.