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Gorden Sudeck, Stephanie Jeckel and Tanja Schubert

The positive effects of physical activity (PA) on health and well-being are well documented. According to the Global Physical Activity Recommendations ( World Health Organization, 2010 ), health benefits can be achieved through structured physical exercise and PA that occurs in daily routines, both

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T. Nicole Kirk and Justin A. Haegele

The health-related benefits of physical activity have been well-documented. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( 2014 ) has recognized the role of regular physical activity participation in the prevention of lifestyle-related conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, stroke, and

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Morgan N. Clennin and Russell R. Pate

Much is known about the individual-level characteristics (eg, genetics, age, and sex) and behaviors (eg, physical activity) that influence cardiorespiratory fitness in youth. 3 , 9 However, little is known about factors at the community level or neighborhood level that may influence youth fitness

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Mallory S. Kobak, Andrew Lepp, Michael J. Rebold, Hannah Faulkner, Shannon Martin and Jacob E. Barkley

Participation in sedentary behavior in lieu of physical activity has been associated with an increased risk of overweight and obesity in children ( 1 , 21 , 22 , 28 , 30 ). This association is the impetus behind the large number of scientific studies that have sought to better understand children

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Viviene A. Temple, Dawn L. Lefebvre, Stephanie C. Field, Jeff R. Crane, Beverly Smith and Patti-Jean Naylor

-being of children ( Cushon, Vu, Janzen, & Muhajarine, 2011 ), children’s physical activity levels ( Simen-Kapeu & Veugelers, 2010 ; Singh, Kogan, Siahpush, & van Dyck, 2008 ), and school readiness ( Santos, Brownell, & Ekuma, 2012 ). Disadvantage in childhood is also associated with the manifestation of

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Frances Bevington, Katrina L. Piercy, Kate Olscamp, Sandra W. Hilfiker, Dena G. Fisher and Elizabeth Y. Barnett

Physical activity has been described as a wonder drug—a low-cost, accessible solution with the ability to impact many chronic health conditions and health outcomes. Regular physical activity influences all-cause mortality, brain health, risk of falls, bone health, weight status, and conditions such

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Carol M. Vos, Denise M. Saint Arnault, Laura M. Struble, Nancy A. Gallagher and Janet L. Larson

Assisted living (AL) residents engage in very low levels of physical activity (PA) ( Krol-Zielinska, Kusy, Zielinski, & Osinski, 2010 ), and this is a problem. Most activities revolve around participation in self-care, such as bathing and dressing ( Resnick, Galik, Gruber-Baldini, & Zimmerman, 2011

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Philip von Rosen and Maria Hagströmer

Across a 24-hour day, time is disproportionately spent in different movement behaviors, such as sleep, sedentary, or active behaviors, influencing important health outcomes such as self-rated health. 1 – 3 The ability to perform daily activities without limitations, such as time spent in

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Samuele Contemori and Andrea Biscarini

Normal shoulder girdle functioning depends on the synchronous pattern of motion, commonly known as the scapulohumeral rhythm, between the glenohumeral (GH) and scapulothoracic (ST) joints. 1 This rhythm results from the coordinated activity of GH muscles (deltoid, supraspinatus, infraspinatus

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Amy A. Eyler, Aaron Hipp, Cheryl Ann Valko, Ramya Ramadas and Marissa Zwald

Decades of research show the health benefits of physical activity (PA), 1 yet over half of American adults are not physically active enough to achieve these benefits, and rates have shown little improvement over the past decade. 2 Almost 24% of adults report no leisure-time PA at all. 3 In