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Hedda Berntsen and Elsa Kristiansen

Coaches play an important role in their athletes’ sport participation experiences, and they are often responsible for shaping athletes’ social environment ( Gilbert & Trudel, 2004 ; Matosic, Ntoumanis, & Quested, 2016 ). Self-Determination Theory (SDT; Ryan & Deci, 2017 ) distinguishes between

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Kylie McNeill, Natalie Durand-Bush and Pierre-Nicolas Lemyre

Coaches operate within dynamic and complex work environments in which they face a variety of performance (e.g., athlete preparation), organizational (e.g., administrative duties), and personal (e.g., self-imposed expectations) demands ( Durand-Bush, Collins, & McNeill, 2012 ). Over time, coaches

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Adam J. Nichol, Edward T. Hall, Will Vickery and Philip R. Hayes

, & Deakin, 2008 ) have also been connected to sport participation, among many others. However, such outcomes are the result of more than mere participation in sport; they are shaped by a range of social and contextual factors ( Holt & Neely, 2011 ). Of these, the sports coach has been strongly implicated in

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Blake Bennett

The integration of technology within educational contexts encourages a shift away from a direct instruction model and towards a learner-centred climate ( Harvey & Gittins, 2014 ). Given the greater focus on learner-centred coaching in the literature ( Cassidy, Potrac, & Jones, 2009 ; Kidman, 2005

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Leslie K. Larsen and Christopher J. Clayton

Over the past four decades, the percentage of US women working in many professions has increased significantly ( LaVoi, 2016a ). However, this trend does not hold true for women coaching in sport. Prior to the passing of Title IX in 1972, over 90% of collegiate women’s sports were coached by women

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Anthony Koschmann

Coaches play an instrumental role in helping their players to play to the best of their abilities as a team to win. Professional hockey coaches, for instance, decide which players will play on which lines, strategizing the matchups against opposing players, and create special team assignments

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Christoph Szedlak, Matthew Smith, Melissa Day and Bettina Callary

, 1994 ). S&C coaching can have many positive impacts on an athlete, including helping reduce the risk of injury and maximizing the athlete’s physiological potential ( Kontor, 1989 ; NSCA, 2015 ; UKSCA, 2015 ). A recent survey conducted by the United Kingdom Strength and Conditioning Association (UKSCA

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Robin S. Vealey, Eric Martin, Angela Coppola, Rose Marie Ward and Jacob Chamberlin

Coaching is a “people profession”, meaning that coaches are required to spend a great deal of interpersonal time developing their athletes’ physical, mental, and life skills. Although coaches’ influences on athletes may be significant and even life-changing, such an investment in others may come at

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David Barney

Coaching is a very visible profession, to the point that a coach’s every move is scrutinized. This was clearly evident in the tragic events that transpired in 2011, involving legendary American football coach Joe Paterno at Penn State University. With this high visibility, coaches need more than ever to set good examples for those they represent. In school or college settings they represent athletes, parents, the student body, administrators, and the community. The purpose of this commentary is to reinforce a coach’s responsibility to set a good example and the responsibility of coaching educators in preparing future coaches to be good examples.

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Andrew P. Driska

According to USA Swimming ( 2016 ), the national governing body for swimming in the United States, more than 340,000 children swam for a club affiliated with the organization.  Staff in the club development division report that the organization has mandated education for its coach members since