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Rebecca A. Schlaff, Meghan Baruth, Faith C. LaFramboise and Samantha J. Deere

diagnosed postpartum depression vary depending on sociodemographic factors and assessment type and time point; however, worldwide, the prevalence of postpartum depression is typically estimated between 4% and 20%, 1 with a recent study reporting a global pooled estimate of 17.7%. 4 Previous research has

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Lennart Raudsepp and Eva-Maria Riso

sadness, melancholy, or a feeling of hopelessness ( Brosse, Sheets, Lett, & Blumenthal, 2002 ) and include feelings of sadness that are accompanied by altered mood and somatic symptoms that are not sufficient in severity to lead to diagnosis of clinical depression ( Wuthrich, Johnco, & Wetherell, 2015

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C. Michael Greenwood, David A. Dzewaltowski and Ron French

The importance of self-efficacy as a cognitive mediator of wheelchair mobile individuals’ psychological well-being was examined. Specifically assessed were competitive wheelchair tennis participants’ and wheelchair nontennis participants’ mood and self-efficacy toward performing tennis and general wheelchair mobility tasks. Wheelchair tennis participants exhibited an iceberg profile of positive well-being and were higher than the Profile of Mood States norm on vigor and lower than the norm on tension, anger, depression, fatigue, and confusion. Furthermore, wheelchair mobility self-efficacy significantly correlated with wheelchair tennis self-efficacy. More important, both self-efficacy measures correlated significantly with vigor for the wheelchair tennis participants and wheelchair mobility self-efficacy correlated significantly with each mood factor except depression for the wheelchair nontennis participants. It was concluded that wheelchair mobile individuals participating in tennis may be more confident about performing tennis skills and general wheelchair mobility tasks than are wheelchair mobile nonparticipants.

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Lynda Mainwaring, Michael Hutchison, Paul Camper and Doug Richards

Depression, fatigue, irritability, confusion, and general mood disturbance are frequently reported after cerebral concussion in sport. Recent trends in research point to the importance of examining postconcussive emotional disturbances more thoroughly, empirically, and clinically. An overview of the complexity of human emotion and its study is provided herein, followed by a review of emotional correlates identified in the existing sparse literature. The significance and clinical implications of identifying emotional correlates of concussion in sport and athletics are discussed.

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Danielle Symons Downs, Krista S. Leonard, Jessica S. Beiler and Ian M. Paul

Regular exercise (EX) of at least 150 minutes per week of moderate intensity is associated with multiple physical (eg, improved blood pressure and fitness, reduced risk of obesity and cardiovascular disease) and psychological (eg, lower risk of anxiety, depression, and stress) health benefits. 1

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Lauren M. Robins, Ted Brown, Aislinn F. Lalor, Rene Stolwyk, Fiona McDermott and Terry Haines

Social isolation is a considerable problem confronting the health of older adults. Socially isolated older adults, for example are at a greater risk of poor mental and physical health and are more likely to experience cardiovascular disease, cognitive deterioration, depression and mortality than

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Florian Herbolsheimer, Stephanie Mosler, Richard Peter and the ActiFE Ulm Study Group

Poor health among socially isolated older adults has been continually reported over the last decades ( House, Landis, & Umberson, 1988 ). Older adults who are socially isolated suffer from higher rates of depression ( Santini, Koyanagi, Tyrovolas, Mason, & Maria Haro, 2015 ), re

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Marc-Olivier St-Aubin, Philippe Chalaye, François-Pierre Counil and Sylvie Lafrenaye

depression, anxiety) ( 27 , 35 ), and improved cognitive function ( 38 ). Importantly, physical exercise programs have been shown to reduce pain in various chronic pain conditions, such as chronic low back pain ( 1 ), chronic neck pain ( 43 ), osteoarthritis ( 19 ), migraine ( 8 ), and fibromyalgia ( 16

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Gina M. McCaskill, Olivio J. Clay, Peng Li, Richard E. Kennedy, Kathryn L. Burgio and Cynthia J. Brown

consistent with analyses in the UAB SOA examining life-space ( Allman, Sawyer, & Roseman, 2006 ) and other previous studies ( McCaskill et al., 2015 ; Thorpe, Clay, Szanton, Allaire, & Whitfield, 2011 ). Depression The short form of the Geriatric Depression Scale was used to assess depressive symptoms

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Timothy J. Walker, Jessica M. Tullar, Pamela M. Diamond, Harold W. Kohl III and Benjamin C. Amick III

depression, and risk factors (having ≥1). For the season variable, the summer months were May–October because these months are in the top 50th percentile of average monthly temperatures for Texas as reported by the National Climate Data Center. 29 The HA included questions about the presence of chronic