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Seung Ho Chang, Kyungun Kim, Jihyun Lee and Sukho Lee

aged 2–19 years between 1999 and 2014. 4 Eliminating the health disparities is addressed as one of the goals of Healthy People 2010. PA behaviors among low-income and ethnic minority (LIEM) children and youths must be addressed as obesity and sedentary lifestyles in childhood frequently track into

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Phillip Post and Rebecca Palacios

 al., 2005 ; Kushi et al., 2004 ; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2018 ). The health disparities associated with childhood inactivity have led the Centers for Disease Control ( Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015 ) and the World Health Organization ( 2010 ) to call for greater

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Marissa A. Kobayashi, Tae Kyoung Lee, Rafael O. Leite, Blanca Noriega Esquives, Guillermo Prado, Sarah E. Messiah and Sara M. St. George

boys are more physically active. 5 , 6 For this reason, it is important to understand factors that contribute to disparities in PA levels among Hispanic adolescent boys and girls. Background Associations Between Parental Stress, Pediatric Obesity, and Physical Activity Emerging research has shown a

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Werner F. Helsen, Nikola Medic, Janet L. Starkes and Andrew M. Williams

to identify Masters athletes who are relatively younger and relatively older. The first study on the relative age disparities among a population of Masters athletes was conducted by Medic et al. ( 2007 ). They examined a population of athletes from U.S. Masters track and field and swimming. It was

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Nicholas D. Gilson, Caitlin Hall, Andreas Holtermann, Allard J. van der Beek, Maaike A. Huysmans, Svend Erik Mathiassen and Leon Straker

studies), with interrater agreement on items compared, and group consensus reached in the case of any disparities in item scores. Following this process, the remaining studies were independently scored by 2 raters, with any conflicts in scoring resolved by a third rater. Results Study Selection Following

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Lowri C. Edwards, Anna S. Bryant, Kevin Morgan, Stephen-Mark Cooper, Anwen M. Jones and Richard J. Keegan

why body management skills were omitted. Indeed, there were disparities between planning and organization for classroom and PE lessons. That is, all classroom lessons were carefully planned and included learning objectives, starter tasks, main activities, and plenaries in a progressive and

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Jemima C. John, Shreela V. Sharma, Deanna Hoelscher, Michael D. Swartz and Chuck Huber

efficacious in PA due to an uneven distribution in PA opportunities between the two genders. Equal access to PA opportunities for both genders can help stem PA and self-efficacy disparities that, unfortunately, persist into adulthood. We also observed differences in self-efficacy scores across education

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Shannon S. Block, Trevor R. Tooley, Matthew R. Nagy, Molly P. O’Sullivan, Leah E. Robinson, Natalie Colabianchi and Rebecca E. Hasson

while consent was obtained from their parents. The University of Michigan Institutional Review Board approved this study. Data collection occurred from June 2014 to August 2015. Pretesting Measurements Participants and their parents arrived at the Childhood Disparities Research Laboratory in the morning

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Sofiya Alhassan, Christine W. St. Laurent and Sarah Burkart

a significant decline in physical activity levels compared with their White counterparts ( Kimm et al., 2002 ). The reported decline in physical activity is evident in children of color as young as 11 years of age ( Kimm et al., 2002 ). It is possible that the observed physical activity disparities

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Ariane Bélanger-Gravel, Marilie Laferté, Frédéric Therrien, François Lagarde and Lise Gauvin

community-based physical activity interventions: key elements for success . BMC Public Health . 2013 ; 13 : 892 . PubMed ID: 24069938 doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-892 24069938 10.1186/1471-2458-13-892 37. Viswanath K . Public communications and its role in reducing and eliminating health disparities . In