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Denise M. Hill, Sheldon Hanton, Nic Matthews and Scott Fleming

This study explores the antecedents, mechanisms, influencing variables, and consequences of choking in sport and identifies interventions that may alleviate choking. Through the use of qualitative methods, the experiences of six elite golfers who choked frequently under pressure were examined and compared with five elite golfers who excelled frequently under pressure. The perspectives of four coaches who had worked extensively with elite golfers who had choked and excelled, were also considered. The study indicated that the participants choked as a result of distraction, which was caused by various stressors. Self-confidence, preparation, and perfectionism were identified as key influencing variables of the participants’ choking episodes, and the consequence of choking was a significant drop in performance that affected negatively future performances. Process goals, cognitive restructuring, imagery, simulated training, and a pre/postshot routine were perceived as interventions that may possibly prevent choking.

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Gert-Jan De Muynck, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Jochen Delrue, Nathalie Aelterman, Leen Haerens and Bart Soenens

students: A test of self-determination theory . Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70 ( 4 ), 767 – 779 . PubMed doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.70.4.767 10.1037/0022-3514.70.4.767 Wright , B.J. , & O’Halloran , P.D. ( 2013 ). Perceived success, auditory feedback, and mental imagery: What best

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Courtney Coughenour and Timothy J. Bungum


Neighborhood walkability is being promoted as an important factor in public health efforts to decrease rates of physical inactivity. Single entry communities (SEC), communities with only 1 entrance/exit, may result in an over estimation of walkability. This design makes direct walking routes outside the community nearly impossible and results in increased trip distance. The purpose of this study was to determine if accounting for SECs resulted in a significant difference in street connectivity.


Twenty geographically different Las Vegas neighborhoods were chosen and the number of true intersections measured in ArcGIS. Neighborhoods were then assessed for the presence of SECs using google maps, ArcGIS land imagery, and field observation. Intersections inside SECs were removed. A paired t test was used to assess the mean difference of intersection density before and after adjustment.


There was a statistically significant decrease in the number of true intersections after the adjustment (before mean = 57.8; after mean = 45.7). The eta squared statistic indicates a large effect size (0.3).


Single entry communities result in an over estimation of street connectivity. If SECs are not accounted for, trip distances will be underestimated and public health efforts to promote walking through walkable neighborhoods may prove less effective.

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Chris G. Harwood and Sam N. Thrower

& McCaffrey, 1991 ). Empirical research has illustrated how child athletes as young as 10 years of age demonstrate a basic understanding of goal setting and imagery, while adolescent athletes (age 13–15 years) show a more advanced awareness of the most commonly used psychological strategies (i

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Viewpoint Attitudes Toward Teaching ChildrenWith Disabilities: Review of Literatureand Research Paradigm Francis M. Kozub * Christoph Lienert * 10 2003 20 4 323 346 10.1123/apaq.20.4.323 Research Mental Imagery in Athletes with Visual Impairments Kate A.T. Eddy * Stephen D. Mellalieu * 10

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108 118 10.1123/apaq.14.2.108 Motor Performance of Children with Mild Mental Disabilities after Using Mental Imagery Doris Pogue Screws * Paul R. Surburg * 4 1997 14 2 119 130 10.1123/apaq.14.2.119 Promoting Inclusive Sport and Leisure Participation: Evaluation of the Paralympic Day in the Schools

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Research Teaching Students with Mild Disabilities: What Affects Attitudes of Future Physical Educators? Terry L. Rizzo * Don R. Kirkendall * 7 1995 12 3 205 216 10.1123/apaq.12.3.205 Use of Imagery Practice for Improving a Motor Skill Paul R. Surburg * David L. Porretta * Vins Sutlive * 7

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Tedrick 10 1989 6 4 307 312 10.1123/apaq.6.4.307 Application Hyperkinesis: A Review of Literature Michael W. Churton * 10 1989 6 4 313 327 10.1123/apaq.6.4.313 Application of Imagery Techniques to Special Populations Paul R. Surburg * 10 1989 6 4 328 337 10.1123/apaq.6.4.328 Research Comparison of

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-Week Adapted Tennis Program Loriane Favoretto * Zach Hutchison * Claire M. Mowling * Melissa M. Pangelinan * 23 01 2020 1 08 2020 8 2 245 261 10.1123/jmld.2019-0016 jmld.2019-0016 The Beneficial Influence of Combining Motor Imagery and Coach’s Feedback on Soccer Pass Accuracy in Intermediate

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Joanne Perry, Ashley Hansen, Michael Ross, Taylor Montgomery and Jeremiah Weinstock

task included a negative sport imagery task that instructed athletes to identify and silently reflect upon a sport experience that was challenging. Similarly, athletes were given 90 seconds to use mental coping strategies following the end of this task. See Table  1 for a detailed outline of the