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Michelle A. Sandrey

imbalances, lack of muscular endurance, and repetitive stress. 1 – 3 Not only is the general population affected by low back pain, but so too are athletes in certain sports that place a greater strain on the spine, such as gymnastics, wrestling, rowing, diving, and football. 4 – 6 As joint mobility in

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Juha Yoon and Alex Chinhoo Gang

stadia built for the Olympic Games we have the infrastructure necessary to develop the base for both ice and snow events. Prior to this Olympics, it was evident that many of the resources were invested in ice events, while snow events gained less attention. This imbalance can be properly addressed with

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Marissa J. Basar, Justin M. Stanek, Daniel D. Dodd and Rebecca L. Begalle

from imbalances in muscular strength, deficits in neuromuscular control, or presence of asymmetries, it can ultimately compromise an individual’s physical performance. 1 , 3 – 6 When an individual possesses movement dysfunction, their quality of life and ability to physically perform potentially

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Francini Vilela Novais, Eduardo J. Simoes, Chester Schmaltz and Luiz R. Ramos

 = unbiased estimate of η 2 . a Adjusted model included sex and nonlinear splines for both preintervention leisure-time physical activity and age effect. * P  < .05. Despite randomization of subjects into intervention groups, there were small imbalances at the study baseline for minutes of LTPA per week and

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Joshua Twaites, Richard Everson, Joss Langford and Melvyn Hillsdon

). The formula for computation is: MCC = ( TN × TP ) − ( FP × FN ) ( TP + FP ) × ( TP + FN ) × ( TN + FP ) × ( TN + FN ) where TP, FP, TN and FN stand for the numbers of True Positives, False Positives, True Negatives and False Negatives, respectively. Due to the imbalanced nature of the data sets

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Justen Hamilton

women combat sports athletes are among the most physically powerful women in society, thus offering them the ability to “reduc[e] [the] physical power imbalances on which patriarchy is founded and reified” ( Castelnuovo & Guthrie, 1998 , p. 13), whether such women undo gender in their intimate

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Kevin C. Miller, Brendon P. McDermott and Susan W. Yeargin

curve indicating a useful test for identifying exercise-associated muscle cramping-prone athletes ( p  < .01). Discussion Contrary to the dehydration/electrolyte imbalance theory ( Bergeron, 2008 ) and our hypothesis, cramp-prone athletes did not lose more sweat or electrolytes than noncrampers. Our

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Chris Wagstaff, Rebecca Hings, Rebecca Larner and David Fletcher

potentially confounding effects of the athlete sample’s demographics. That is, a sample of largely young ( M  = 21 years), male (57%), competitive athletes (37%) was included. Despite the moderate imbalance toward nonelite young men, we do not believe that the data were biased or unrepresentative of

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Kirsti Van Dornick and Nancy L.I. Spencer

. . . she is in a position to try to get me classified . . .” (p. 178). This particular quote reveals an uncomfortable intimacy and the vulnerability that athletes are exposed to within a process where the imbalances of power are of great consequence to their athletic careers. Another study by Molik et

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Kari Stefansen, Gerd Marie Solstad, Åse Strandbu and Maria Hansen

’re 16 and an athlete and the coach [approaches you] then you’re naive and don’t really know what to do. Then it’s much easier for mistakes to happen. I think so. Yes. (Boy, int. 12) These quotes highlight the ambiguities surrounding legal CASRs that are thought to contain a power imbalance due to the