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Brett D. Tarca, Thomas P. Wycherley, Paul Bennett, Anthony Meade and Katia E. Ferrar

.1016/j.semarthrit.2016.08.004 27665019 67. El Ghoch M , Rossi AP , Calugi S , et al . Physical performance measures in screening for reduced lean body mass in adult females with obesity . Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis . 2018 ; 28 ( 9 ): 917 – 921 . PubMed ID: 30017438 doi:10.1016/j.numecd.2018

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Jennifer Sygo, Alicia Kendig Glass, Sophie C. Killer and Trent Stellingwerff

, 151 – 158 . PubMed ID: 20388497 doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2010.04.004 10.1016/j.brainres.2010.04.004 Garthe , I. , Raastad , T. , & Sundgot-Borgen , J. ( 2011 ). Long-term effect of nutritional counselling on desired gain in body mass and lean body mass in elite athletes . Applied Physiology

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Ben Desbrow, Nicholas A. Burd, Mark Tarnopolsky, Daniel R. Moore and Kirsty J. Elliott-Sale

muscle and lean body mass (LBM), there is a general increase in adiposity with age. Thus, sports that require a high strength-to-mass ratio may be affected, to a greater extent, with age. The age of peak performance in athletics is relatively stable across sport disciplines and generally occurs in early

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Frances A. Kanach, Amy M. Pastva, Katherine S. Hall, Juliessa M. Pavon and Miriam C. Morey

occur and contribute to overall weakness and functional decline ( Creditor, 1993 ; Kleinpell, Fletcher, & Jennings, 2008 ). Even in healthy older adults, prolonged bed rest results in substantial loss of lean body mass in the lower extremities, primarily as a result of skeletal muscle wasting

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Petter Fagerberg

graduated as rangers • The rest dropped out due to failing leadership evaluations and 13% dropped out due to medical reasons Note . TEI = total energy intake; EI = energy intake; BW = bodyweight; FM = fat mass; FFM = fat-free mass; E% = energy percentage; LBM=lean body mass; BMC = bone mineral content; IGF

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Ricardo J.S. Costa, Beat Knechtle, Mark Tarnopolsky and Martin D. Hoffman

and lean body mass . Journal of Applied Physiology, 64 ( 1 ), 187 – 193 . PubMed ID: 3356636 doi:10.1152/jappl.1988.64.1.187 10.1152/jappl.1988.64.1.187 Thomas , D.T. , Erdman , K.A. , & Burke , L.M. ( 2016 ). American College of Sports Medicine joint position statement. Nutrition and

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Eric S. Rawson, Mary P. Miles and D. Enette Larson-Meyer

). Effect of beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) on lean body mass during 10 days of bed rest in older adults . Clinical Nutrition, 32 ( 5 ), 704 – 712 . doi:10.1016/j.clnu.2013.02.011 10.1016/j.clnu.2013.02.011 Editor . ( 2003 ). Corrigenda . Journal of Applied Physiology, 94 ( 4 ), 651

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Louise M. Burke, Graeme L. Close, Bronwen Lundy, Martin Mooses, James P. Morton and Adam S. Tenforde

low lean body mass (typically 45 kg), a jockey’s total daily energy expenditure may be as low as 2,000 kcal/day ( Wilson et al., 2018 ). Prior reports suggest that jockeys have tended to rely on peers to obtain weight-making advice ( Dolan et al., 2011 ; Wilson et al., 2013b ) and often resort to

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Alon Eliakim, Bareket Falk, Neil Armstrong, Fátima Baptista, David G. Behm, Nitzan Dror, Avery D. Faigenbaum, Kathleen F. Janz, Jaak Jürimäe, Amanda L. McGowan, Dan Nemet, Paolo T. Pianosi, Matthew B. Pontifex, Shlomit Radom-Aizik, Thomas Rowland and Alex V. Rowlands

SSG or CST was performed 3×40 min/week over 10 months. Whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans were used to determine areal bone mineral density (aBMD), bone mineral content (BMC) and lean body mass (LBM). Flamingo balance, standing long jump and 20-m sprint tests were used to

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mass (11.4kg-6.5kg). Lean body mass remained constant (54.5-55.0kg) and RMR was generally stable (1710 ± 77-1602 ± 75kcal.day-1) eliciting minimal adaptive thermogenesis. The final 1.8kg of BM loss (2.8%) was achieved 24 hours prior to weigh in utilising active/passive dehydration methods. Despite LEA