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Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Shapour Jaberzadeh, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Mohammad Ali Sanjari, Rasool Bagheri and Morteza Taghipour

were flexed to 85°. Participants were instructed to perform STS at a self-selected pace while their arms hanging at their sides. Then, they were asked to sit on the stool for 6 s. 5 Cervical spine, upper thoracic spine (T1–T6), midthoracic spine (T7–T12), and lumbar spine Pelvis Torso sagittal ROM

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Shiho Goto, Naoko Aminaka and Phillip A. Gribble

extension for GMAX, hip adduction for AL, and knee extension for VM 3 times for 5 seconds in each muscle with a 2-minute interval between trials. The GMED MVIC was measured with participants in the side-lying position on a treatment table with the testing limb on top, while the pelvis was stabilized with a

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Kunal Bhanot, Navpreet Kaur, Lori Thein Brody, Jennifer Bridges, David C. Berry and Joshua J. Ode

differences could have led to differences in the EMG activity. Gluteus Medius The EMG activity of the GMED ranged from 26.3% (13.4%) to 54.6% (26.1%) MVIC (Table  6 ) during the 8 directions of the SEBT. The highest activity was observed in the medial direction because, during the task, the pelvis of the

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Francisco J. Vera-Garcia, Diego López-Plaza, Casto Juan-Recio and David Barbado

19 : (1) lumbopelvic postural control tests, based on clinical concepts of spine stability/instability (eg, “the ability to control motion of the lumbar spine and pelvis relative to an arbitrarily defined neutral position”) 20 and measuring the ability to maintain a given lumbopelvic position in

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Scott W. Ducharme and Richard E.A. van Emmerik

variable in segment couplings involving the knee joint than healthy runners. Seay and colleagues ( 2011 ) observed systematic decreases in coordination variability in runners with low back pain. Coordination variability between the pelvis and trunk was lower in runners with current low back pain compared

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Wen-Hao Hsu, Evelyn J. Park, Daniel L. Miranda, Hani M. Sallum, Conor J. Walsh and Eugene C. Goldfield

, pelvis, upper arms, forearms, thighs, shanks, and feet (Figure  2 ). The cameras of a hybrid Vicon (Centennial, CO) MX T-Series and Bonita motion capture system surrounded two force platforms (AMTI, Watertown, MA) located in the center of the lab. The total length of the two platforms was approximately 1

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Sunghoon Shin and Jacob J. Sosnoff

, Harrison, & Troyanovich, 1999 ). For example, Bolin et al. ( 2000 ) reported that persons with SCI have impaired balance with a C-shaped sitting posture and a posteriorly tilted pelvis (about 15°) compared with noninjured persons in a neutral position. In addition, Andersson et al. ( 1974 ) showed that the

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Jeffrey C. Cowley, Steven T. McCaw, Kelly R. Laurson and Michael R. Torry

landing. Jump height was measured as the difference between the maximum height of the pelvis center of mass during the jump and the standing height of the pelvis center of mass. In children, jump height increases with age, standing height, and mass ( 2 ). To assess whether differences in jump height were

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Nathaniel S. Nye, Drew S. Kafer, Cara Olsen, David H. Carnahan and Paul F. Crawford

lower extremity, pelvis/spine, or upper extremity during this period. Those with nonmusculoskeletal injuries, such as concussions or skin lacerations, were not excluded. Furthermore, those with a documented diagnosis of any one or more possible confounding conditions were completely excluded from the

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Lauren C. Benson, Stephen C. Cobb, Allison S. Hyngstrom, Kevin G. Keenan, Jake Luo and Kristian M. O’Connor

to the pelvis and feet. Tracking markers were placed on the right and left anterior and posterior superior iliac spines, and a rigid 4-marker cluster was attached to the heel counter of the shoes. A 3-second standing calibration was recorded with calibration markers on the greater trochanters, the