Search Results

You are looking at 141 - 150 of 2,001 items for :

Clear All
Restricted access

Samuel J.D. Cumming, Martin J. Turner and Marc Jones

Challenge cognitive appraisals are associated with superior performance compared with threat (Jones, Meijen, McCarthy, & Sheffield, 2009). However, research has not examined longitudinal temporal patterns of challenge and threat appraisals. In this study, 14 (five female) elite rowers (Mage = 25.79 years, SD = 2.67) provided self-reported appraisals data at four time points (baseline; before national trials; before the second world rowing cup regatta; and before the world rowing championships). The rowers’ predisposed appraisal style predicted subsequent appraisals. Challenge and self-efficacy increased while loss and avoidance appraisals decreased over time. The rowers were highly predisposed to challenge, becoming more challenged through events of increasing magnitude. This suggests that athletes’ predisposed appraisal style can predict their approach to competition. Future studies could identify protocols for encouraging challenge states in athletes, observe the physiological indicators of challenge and threat longitudinally, and consider the interaction between challenge and threat appraisals.

Restricted access

Emmanuel Ducrocq, Mark Wilson, Tim J. Smith and Nazanin Derakshan

elevated levels of pressure ( Nicholls, Holt, Polman, & James, 2005 ). Indeed, it is not uncommon to witness both amateur and professional athletes’ performance breaking down under the perceived pressure of competition ( Geukes, Harvey, Trezise, & Mesagno, 2017 ; Moore, Wilson, Vine, Coussens, & Freeman

Restricted access

Paula Chaves, Daniela Simões, Maria Paço, Sandra Silva, Francisco Pinho, José Alberto Duarte and Fernando Ribeiro

pain reduction attributed to DFM seems to be triggered by the mechanical stimulus provided by the application of deep pressure during DFM, 27 regardless of the mechanism involved in its reduction. 21 , 22 , 27 – 33 The description of DFM defines that the pressure should be performed in accordance with

Restricted access

Jaqueline P. Batista, Igor M. Mariano, Tállita C.F. Souza, Juliene G. Costa, Jéssica S. Giolo, Nádia C. Cheik, Foued S. Espindola, Sarah Everman and Guilherme M. Puga

Exercise regulates and reduces systemic blood pressure ( Cornelissen & Smart, 2013 ), which decreases hypertension, one of the main risk factors related to cardiovascular diseases ( Anunciação & Polito, 2011 ). Postexercise hypotension (PEH) has clinical importance in the prevention and treatment

Restricted access

Annamari Maaranen, Judy L. Van Raalte and Britton W. Brewer

skills regardless of the feeling, such as when pressured by coaches, has been described as a factor that increases the severity of the problem, and pressure from an upcoming competition or performance has been identified as a trigger of the balking phase of flikikammo among some athletes ( Day et

Restricted access

Paula R. Mesquita, Silvia G.R. Neri, Ricardo M. Lima, Eliane F. Manfio and Ana C. de David

The human foot is a complex structure able to support high mechanical loads. 1 In order to fulfill the requirements for locomotion, the growing foot is subject to several functional changes. 1 Typically, peak plantar pressure, maximum force, and contact area tend to rise with increasing age in

Restricted access

Justine Chatterton, Trent A. Petrie, Keke L. Schuler and Camilo Ruggero

environment pressures about weight and performance ( Petrie & Greenleaf, 2012b ). These general and sport-specific pressures are similar to those experienced by female athletes, though with an additional focus on having a physique that is defined by muscle mass, strength, and leanness. Across several studies

Restricted access

Patrice R. Rougier, Thibaud Coquard, Thierry Paillard, Clément Ankaoua, Jeanne Dury, Corentin Barthod and Dominic Perennou

balance control. Notwithstanding the impairment due to the disease, WBA constitutes a challenging task for the central nervous system since the motor output needs to be adapted. Indeed, changing the level of load applied on one foot appears to distort the pattern of the center-of-pressure (CP

Restricted access

Christine M. Tallon, Ryan G. Simair, Alyssa V. Koziol, Philip N. Ainslie and Alison M. McManus

for MCA V were higher in the children than in the adults, as noted elsewhere ( 23 ), which may account for the attenuated exercise response. The regulation of cerebral blood flow at rest is dependent on multiple factors: arterial blood gases (in particular, the partial pressure of arterial carbon

Restricted access

Elizabeth Lorenzo, Jacob Szeszulski, Michael Todd, Scherezade K. Mama and Rebecca E. Lee

high blood pressure 7 – 10 and lower body weight in adults. 9 , 11 Furthermore, AT users have been found to have better cardiovascular health than those who do not use AT, 9 suggesting that promotion of AT may be an effective physical activity intervention. AT may provide a sustainable method to