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Yaser Alikhajeh, Elyas Barabadi and Gholam Rasul Mohammad Rahimi

randomized controlled trial . Eura Medicophys . 2004 ; 40 ( 4 ): 311 – 316 . PubMed ID: 16175156 16175156 8. Dundar U , Solak O , Yigit I , Evcik D , Kavuncu V . Clinical effectiveness of aquatic exercise to treat chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial . Spine . 2009 ; 34

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Kyle B. Kosik and Phillip A. Gribble

. • Articles were evaluated for their methodological quality using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) rating scale. The PEDro rating scale was chosen because a randomized control trial (RCT) was included in this critically appraised topic. • Two prospective individual cohort studies 6 , 7 and 1 RCT 8

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Sheri J. Hartman, Dori Pekmezi, Shira I. Dunsiger and Bess H. Marcus

randomized controlled trial of a 12-month physical activity intervention. Methods Study Design and Sample The Pasos Hacia La Salud study was a randomized controlled trial of an Internet-based physical activity intervention for Spanish-speaking Latinas compared with a contact control arm. No content related

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Linda Corbally, Mick Wilkinson and Melissa A. Fothergill

the review to randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Studies of all design types were included because non-randomized trials and simple before-after and case-control designs have been suggested to still have value in systematic reviews for exploring unknown benefits and harms, and adding to evidence

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Katie Teller, Mark Abbey-Lambertz, Nasira Sharma, Alan Waite, Scott Ickes and Jason A. Mendoza

on participating in a WSB as part of a large multiyear randomized controlled trial. The goal of this analysis is to inform future programs. Methods We recruited participants for this qualitative study from a cluster randomized controlled trial of the WSB program in which the setting was public

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Matt Hausmann, Jacob Ober and Adam S. Lepley

patients with lateral ankle sprains. • Three randomized control trials were located and appraised. • One of the 3 studies demonstrate a reduction in pain following 6 weeks of deep oscillation therapy compared with the standard of care or placebo interventions. • The 2 other studies, 1 utilizing a 5-day

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Valerie Senkowski, Clara Gannon and Paul Branscum

included (i.e., randomized controlled trials, quasi-experimental studies). Articles were excluded if they had a cross-sectional design or if the interventions did not target TPB constructs. Articles that included constructs from theories other than TPB were eligible for inclusion, as long as TPB was the

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Navin Kaushal, Ryan E. Rhodes, John T. Meldrum and John C. Spence

.g., running on the treadmill, lifting weights) of exercising. Although habit has demonstrated good predictive validity with PA, the experimental evidence for PA is limited ( Gardner, 2015 ; Rebar et al., 2016 ). Systematic reviews have not identified any randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that applied habit

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Sarah Daniels, Gabriela Santiago, Jennifer Cuchna and Bonnie Van Lunen

literature was searched for studies of level 4 evidence or higher (based on levels of evidence 6 ) that investigated the effectiveness of LITUS. • The literature search produced 3 possible studies related to the clinical question: 2 randomized controlled trials and 1 case series met the inclusion and

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Angela Papadimitriou and Mark Perry

. The former would give an indication of the immediate treatment effect, and the latter would give a measure of the longer term effects. Study types Only randomized controlled trials were included in this review, to minimize selection bias. Randomization, provided there are sufficient participants, is