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Rochelle Rocha Costa, Adriana Cristine Koch Buttelli, Alexandra Ferreira Vieira, Leandro Coconcelli, Rafael de Lima Magalhães, Rodrigo Sudatti Delevatti and Luiz Fernando Martins Kruel

adiponectin levels). These findings corroborate those obtained by Kelley and Kelley, 101 who performed a meta-analysis to examine only randomized controlled trials with progressive ST protocols. The authors found a potential decrease of 5.5 mg·dL −1 in TC levels, which was a smaller reduction than that

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José D. Jiménez-García, Fidel Hita-Contreras, Manuel de la Torre-Cruz, Raquel Fábrega-Cuadros, Agustín Aibar-Almazán, David Cruz-Díaz and Antonio Martínez-Amat

instability ( American Geriatrics Society and British Geriatrics Society, 2011 ; Granacher, Muehlbaue, Zahner, Gollhofer, & Kressig, 2011 ). In recent years, numerous randomized controlled trials on risk factors for falls have been published ( Blank et al., 2011 ; Gillespie et al., 2012 ; Tinetti & Kumar

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James R. Vallerand, Ryan E. Rhodes, Gordan J. Walker and Kerry S. Courneya

peak influence of reflexive processes, as they are theorized as being important influencers of behavioral maintenance. Our study has notable strengths and limitations. The strengths include being the first randomized controlled trial to examine the theoretical mechanisms of exercise behavior change in

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Lauren McMichan, Ann-Marie Gibson and David A. Rowe

* OR stand*) Search operator AND Outcome (Sedentary behaviour OR sedentary behavior OR sitting time OR sit*) Search operator AND Study design [Interventions OR randomised controlled trial OR randomized controlled trial OR (pre and post) OR quasi-experimental] Search operator NOT Exclusion (Physical

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Samuel D. Muir, Sandun S.M. Silva, Mulu A. Woldegiorgis, Hayley Rider, Denny Meyer and Madawa W. Jayawardana

* OR adhere* OR engage* OR attrition OR dropout OR [drop out]). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies, including cross-sectional, and cohort designs were eligible for inclusion. For inclusion, the articles needed to satisfy the following criteria: (1) the article had to test a

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Meltem Dizdar, Jale Fatma Irdesel, Oguzhan Sıtkı Dizdar and Mine Topsaç

strength: A randomized controlled trial . American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 89 , 549 – 556 . PubMed doi:10.1097/PHM.0b013e3181ddccd2 10.1097/PHM.0b013e3181ddccd2 Cambell , J. , Robertson , C. , Gardner , M. , Norton , R.N. , Tilyard , M.W. , & Buchner , D.M. ( 1997

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Colin B. Shore, Gill Hubbard, Trish Gorely, Robert Polson, Angus Hunter and Stuart D. Galloway

. Not in English language Due to lack of translation facilities, all non-English articles were excluded. 2. Type of study Systematic reviews (which included randomized controlled trials, observational studies, case-controlled, or other quasi-experimental studies within them) and meta-analysis were

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Joowon Lee, Baojiang Chen, Harold W. Kohl III, Carolyn E. Barlow, Chong Do Lee, Nina B. Radford, Laura F. DeFina and Kelley P. Gabriel

-016-0336-2 Castaneda , C. , Layne , J.E. , Munoz-Orians , L. , Gordon , P.L. , Walsmith , J. , Foldvari , M. , … Nelson , M.E. ( 2002 ). A randomized controlled trial of resistance exercise training to improve glycemic control in older adults with type 2 diabetes . Diabetes Care, 25 ( 12 ), 2335

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Fabiana Rodrigues Osti, Caroline Ribeiro de Souza and Luis Augusto Teixeira

) conducted a randomized controlled trial in older individuals to evaluate the extent to which balance training supporting the body on a foam rubber pad induces more adaptive effects in comparison with balance training on a rigid ground surface. Results revealed that training on the unstable surface led to

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Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Lori Dithurbide, Alison Ede, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin and Kathleen Wilson

biological improvements resulting from the intervention. This pilot study met the objectives for examining whether intervention delivery was feasible. The authors suggest that improvements to the intervention may be needed prior to conducting a randomized control trial. This study highlights the importance