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Mindy Millard-Stafford, Jeffrey S. Becasen, Michael W. Beets, Allison J. Nihiser, Sarah M. Lee and Janet E. Fulton

A systematic review of literature was conducted to examine the association between changes in health-related fitness (e.g., aerobic capacity and muscular strength/endurance) and chronic disease risk factors in overweight and/or obese youth. Studies published from 2000–2010 were included if the physical activity intervention was a randomized controlled trial and reported changes in fitness and health outcomes by direction and significance (p < .05) of the effect. Aerobic capacity improved in 91% and muscular fitness improved in 82% of measures reported. Nearly all studies (32 of 33) reported improvement in at least one fitness test. Changes in outcomes related to adiposity, cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, metabolic, and mental/emotional health improved in 60%, 32%, 53%, 41%, and 33% of comparisons studied, respectively. In conclusion, overweight and obese youth can improve physical fitness across a variety of test measures. When fitness improves, beneficial health effects are observed in some, but not all chronic disease risk factors.

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Program: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial Alyce T. Barnes * Ronald C. Plotnikoff * Clare E. Collins * Philip J. Morgan * 10 2015 12 12 10 10 1378 1378 1393 1393 10.1123/jpah.2014-0331 Objective Versus Self-Reported Physical Activity in Overweight and Obese Young Adults John M. Jakicic * Wendy

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* Michael A. Trousdale * 1 2012 20 1 80 92 10.1123/japa.20.1.80 Improvements in Functional Capacity From Nordic Walking: A Randomized Controlled Trial Among Older Adults Terttu Parkatti * Jarmo Perttunen * Phyllis Wacker * 1 2012 20 1 93 105 10.1123/japa.20.1.93 Normative Fitness Performance Scores

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Original Research Functional Fitness and Physical Activity of Portuguese Community-Residing Older Adults Élvio R. Gouveia * José A. Maia * Gaston P. Beunen * Cameron J. Blimkie * Ercília M. Fena * Duarte L. Freitas * 1 2013 21 1 1 19 10.1123/japa.21.1.1 Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial

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Lilian F. Wallerstein * Renato Barroso * Valmor Tricoli * Marco T. Mello * Carlos Ugrinowitsch * 10 2010 18 4 390 400 10.1123/japa.18.4.390 The Effect of Functional Circuit Training on Physical Frailty in Frail Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial Maria Giné-Garriga * Míriam Guerra

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Pilates Training Method on Balance and Falls of Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials Noemi Moreno-Segura * Celedonia Igual-Camacho * Yéntel Ballester-Gil * María Clara Blasco-Igual * Jose María Blasco * 26 2 327 344 10.1123/japa.2017-0078 japa.2017

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-0270 Moderators of Maintained Increase in Aerobic Exercise Among Aging Men and Women in a 4-Year Randomized Controlled Trial: The DR’s EXTRA Study Leena Hakola * Kai Savonen * Pirjo Komulainen * Maija Hassinen * Rainer Rauramaa * Timo A. Lakka * 11 2015 12 12 11 11 1477 1477 1484 1484 10.1123/jpah

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Randomized Controlled Trial Jocelyn Kernot * Lucy Lewis * Tim Olds * Carol Maher * 16 2 125 133 10.1123/jpah.2017-0573 jpah.2017-0573 Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Risk of All-Cause, Cardiovascular Disease, and Cancer Mortality in Men With Musculoskeletal Conditions Ítalo Ribeiro Lemes * Xuemei

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Differences in Impact of Physical Activity Program on Psychological Symptoms in Youth Jocelyn S. Carter * Sabrina Karczewski * Draycen D. DeCator * Alescia M. Hollowell * 4 2017 14 4 283 289 10.1123/jpah.2016-0450 Active Classrooms: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluating the Effects of a

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-0033 jmld.2017-0033 RESEARCH NOTE A School-Based Physical Activity and Motor Development Program for Low-Fit Adolescent Females: The Sport4Fun Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial Jodie Andruschko * Anthony D. Okely * Phil Pearson * 1 12 2018 6 2 345 356 10.1123/jmld.2017-0013 jmld.2017-0013 JMLD