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Enzo Iuliano, Giovanni Fiorilli, Giovanna Aquino, Alfonso Di Costanzo, Giuseppe Calcagno and Alessandra di Cagno

factors, environmental and cultural contexts, health status, etc.; Elias, Robbins, & Elias, 1996 ). Furthermore, the lack of high-quality studies does not help to understand the effects of exercise on cognition; for example, the number of randomized controlled trials, involving both healthy and demented

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Angela Maria Hoyos-Quintero and Herney Andrés García-Perdomo

.1080/17477160701520108 17852547 10.1080/17477160701520108 8. Bonvin A , Barral J , Kakebeeke TH , et al . Effect of a governmentally-led physical activity program on motor skills in young children attending child care centers: a cluster randomized controlled trial . Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act . 2013 ; 10 : 90 . PubMed

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Margaret K. Danilovich, David E. Conroy and T. George Hornby

review of randomized controlled trials . BMC Geriatrics, 15 ( 15 ), 154 . PubMed doi:10.1186/s12877-015-0155-4 10.1186/s12877-015-0155-4 Deley , G. , Kervio , G. , Van Hoecke , J. , Verges , B. , Grassi , B. , & Casillas , J.M. ( 2007 ). Effects of a one-year exercise training program in

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Rochelle Rocha Costa, Adriana Cristine Koch Buttelli, Alexandra Ferreira Vieira, Leandro Coconcelli, Rafael de Lima Magalhães, Rodrigo Sudatti Delevatti and Luiz Fernando Martins Kruel

adiponectin levels). These findings corroborate those obtained by Kelley and Kelley, 101 who performed a meta-analysis to examine only randomized controlled trials with progressive ST protocols. The authors found a potential decrease of 5.5 mg·dL −1 in TC levels, which was a smaller reduction than that

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José D. Jiménez-García, Fidel Hita-Contreras, Manuel de la Torre-Cruz, Raquel Fábrega-Cuadros, Agustín Aibar-Almazán, David Cruz-Díaz and Antonio Martínez-Amat

instability ( American Geriatrics Society and British Geriatrics Society, 2011 ; Granacher, Muehlbaue, Zahner, Gollhofer, & Kressig, 2011 ). In recent years, numerous randomized controlled trials on risk factors for falls have been published ( Blank et al., 2011 ; Gillespie et al., 2012 ; Tinetti & Kumar

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James R. Vallerand, Ryan E. Rhodes, Gordan J. Walker and Kerry S. Courneya

peak influence of reflexive processes, as they are theorized as being important influencers of behavioral maintenance. Our study has notable strengths and limitations. The strengths include being the first randomized controlled trial to examine the theoretical mechanisms of exercise behavior change in

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Lauren McMichan, Ann-Marie Gibson and David A. Rowe

* OR stand*) Search operator AND Outcome (Sedentary behaviour OR sedentary behavior OR sitting time OR sit*) Search operator AND Study design [Interventions OR randomised controlled trial OR randomized controlled trial OR (pre and post) OR quasi-experimental] Search operator NOT Exclusion (Physical

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Meltem Dizdar, Jale Fatma Irdesel, Oguzhan Sıtkı Dizdar and Mine Topsaç

strength: A randomized controlled trial . American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 89 , 549 – 556 . PubMed doi:10.1097/PHM.0b013e3181ddccd2 10.1097/PHM.0b013e3181ddccd2 Cambell , J. , Robertson , C. , Gardner , M. , Norton , R.N. , Tilyard , M.W. , & Buchner , D.M. ( 1997

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Samuel D. Muir, Sandun S.M. Silva, Mulu A. Woldegiorgis, Hayley Rider, Denny Meyer and Madawa W. Jayawardana

* OR adhere* OR engage* OR attrition OR dropout OR [drop out]). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies, including cross-sectional, and cohort designs were eligible for inclusion. For inclusion, the articles needed to satisfy the following criteria: (1) the article had to test a

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Colin B. Shore, Gill Hubbard, Trish Gorely, Robert Polson, Angus Hunter and Stuart D. Galloway

. Not in English language Due to lack of translation facilities, all non-English articles were excluded. 2. Type of study Systematic reviews (which included randomized controlled trials, observational studies, case-controlled, or other quasi-experimental studies within them) and meta-analysis were