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Gina M. McCaskill, Olivio J. Clay, Peng Li, Richard E. Kennedy, Kathryn L. Burgio and Cynthia J. Brown

-dwelling older adults Alabama. Briefly, participants were a stratified random sample ( N  = 1,000) of community-dwelling adults 65 years and older. The sample was balanced based on race, sex, and residence (rural vs. urban). Participants were selected from Medicare lists of beneficiaries from five counties in

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Simone A. Tomaz, Anthony D. Okely, Alastair van Heerden, Khanya Vilakazi, Marie-Louise Samuels and Catherine E. Draper

parents to do, to put their children on their tummies.” —Translator on behalf of CHW, rural setting CHWs encourage parents not only to let their babies sleep on the tummy for many perceived medical benefits (such as development for premature babies, sleep length), but also to promote activity when the

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Jasmin Bhawra, Priyanka Chopra, Ranjani Harish, Anjana Mohan, Krishnaveni V. Ghattu, Kumaran Kalyanaraman and Tarun R. Katapally

youth in India. Figure 1 —India’s 2018 Report Card cover. Table 1 Grades and Rationales for India’s 2018 Report Card Indicators Grades Rationale Overall Physical Activity D Approximately 25% of children and youth accumulate ≥ 60 minutes of MVPA daily. It is expected that children and youth from rural

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Chalchisa Abdeta, Zelalem Teklemariam, Alem Deksisa and Endashew Abera

children and youth (17% urban & 39% rural) meet 60 minutes moderate physical activity every day. Organized Sport Participation C Almost 50% of children and youth are participating in school athletics, handball, volleyball and football competitions at all levels for several times in a year. Active Play B

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Vernon M. Grant, Emily J. Tomayko, Ronald J. Prince, Kate Cronin and Alexandra Adams

tribal communities nationwide. Participants included 450 adult and child (aged 2–5 y) dyads from rural and urban communities. The study sample is noteworthy as few studies have included both urban- and rural-based families concurrently. Moreover, the included communities spanned 5 states and ranged in

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Kelsey L. Boulé and Courtney W. Mason

include several rural communities, depend on both the subsistence and economic benefits of hunting. The results of this study indicate the importance of inclusive policies that balance the needs of local peoples and tourism economies, increase the awareness of the general public on hunting, and find

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Taru Manyanga, Nyaradzai E. Munambah, Carol B. Mahachi, Daga Makaza, Tholumusa F. Mlalazi, Vincent Masocha, Paul Makoni, Fortunate Sithole, Bhekuzulu Khumalo, Sipho H. Rutsate and Tonderayi M. Matsungo

there was some variation between boys and girls as well as between rural and urban areas. The proportion of boys walking to and from school was lower (79%) compared with girls (82%). Use of active transport was lower (78%) among urban and higher (88%) among rural school children and youth. Sedentary

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Dawn M. Tladi, Malebogo Monnaatsie, Sheila Shaibu, Gaonyadiwe Sinombe, Gaonyadiwe G. Mokone, Lesego Gabaitiri, Leapetswe Malete and Hubona Omphile

expert opinion. Approximately 20% of the children play actively, mostly children living in rural areas. No empirical evidence is available that addresses active play, let alone the specifics of active play (e.g., frequency, duration, type). Active Transportation C 49% of 13-15 year olds show that they

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Catherine E. Draper, Simone A. Tomaz, Linda Biersteker, Caylee J. Cook, Jacqui Couper, Monique de Milander, Kamesh Flynn, Sonja Giese, Soezin Krog, Estelle V. Lambert, Tamarin Liebenberg, Cyndi Mendoza, Terri Nunes, Anita Pienaar, Alessandra Priorieschi, Dale E. Rae, Nafeesa Rahbeeni, John J. Reilly, Louis Reynolds, Marie-Louise Samuels, Ricardo Siljeur, Jody Urion, Mariza van Wyk and Anthony D. Okely

.1) minutes per day; 96.9% of children met current guidelines published by the Canadians and Australians. 2 , 3 Boys were significantly more active than girls, and urban high-income children were significantly less active than urban low-income and rural low-income children. Similar findings have been

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Susan Paudel, Alice J. Owen, Stephane Heritier and Ben J. Smith

sample was consistent with that of the national population, with 48% living in the Terai, 44% in the Hills, and 7% in the Mountains. Overall, about 81% lived in rural areas. Around 26% were current smokers, while 18% had consumed alcohol within the last 30 days. Nearly 12% of the sample was underweight